How to format your references using the Journal of Hospital Infection citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hospital Infection. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Kazilek C. SPORE series winner. Got a question? “Ask A Biologist.” Science 2010;330:1192–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Namouni F, Porco C. The confinement of Neptune’s ring arcs by the moon Galatea. Nature 2002;417:45–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Hines PJ, Wible B, McCartney M. Science, language, and literacy. Learning to read, reading to learn. Introduction. Science 2010;328:447.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Dezawa M, Ishikawa H, Itokazu Y, Yoshihara T, Hoshino M, Takeda S-I, et al. Bone marrow stromal cells generate muscle cells and repair muscle degeneration. Science 2005;309:314–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Eichhorn MP. Natural Systems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Lin J-L. Decoding the Mechanisms of Antikythera Astronomical Device. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Andrew P, Montenero AS. Cryocatheter Ablation for Atrial Flutter. In: Gulizia MM, editor. Current News in Cardiology: Proceedings of the Mediterranean Cardiology Meeting (Taormina, May 20–22, 2007), Milano: Springer; 2007, p. 29–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hospital Infection.

Blog post
[1]
Davis J. Scientists Create Biodegradable Computer Chips. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Women in STEM Research: Better Data and Information Sharing Could Improve Oversight of Federal Grant-making and Title IX Compliance. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Banuelos J. Deficit irrigation of bermudagrass and seashore paspalum for golf course turf. Doctoral dissertation. University of Arizona, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Branch J. Royal Robbins, Trailblazer and Conscience of Rock Climbers, Dies at 82. New York Times 2017:B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hospital Infection
AbbreviationJ. Hosp. Infect.
ISSN (print)0195-6701
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Infectious Diseases
Microbiology (medical)

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