How to format your references using the Journal of Hospital Infection citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hospital Infection. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Rogers CS. Confounding factors in coral reef recovery. Science 2000;289:391b.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Gault F, Huttner S. A cat’s cradle for policy. Nature 2008;455:462–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Passarelli L, Rivalta E, Shuler A. Dike intrusions during rifting episodes obey scaling relationships similar to earthquakes. Sci Rep 2014;4:3886.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Batrakov K, Kuzhir P, Maksimenko S, Paddubskaya A, Voronovich S, Lambin P, et al. Flexible transparent graphene/polymer multilayers for efficient electromagnetic field absorption. Sci Rep 2014;4:7191.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Pines JM, Carpenter CR, Raja AS, Schuur JD. Evidence-Based Emergency Care. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Thaler E, Kennedy DW, editors. Rhinosinusitis: A Guide for Diagnosis and Management. New York, NY: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Truyen F, Waelde C. Copyright, Cultural Heritage and Photography: A Gordian Knot? In: Borowiecki KJ, Forbes N, Fresa A, editors. Cultural Heritage in a Changing World, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 77–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hospital Infection.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Children With Prosthetics Could Soon Be Creating Their Own Lego Attachments. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/children-prosthetics-could-soon-be-creating-their-own-lego-attachments/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Space Shuttle: The Future of the Vandenberg Launch Site Needs to Be Determined. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Rogers SL. Fear of Cancer and Theory of Planned Behavior as Predictors of Pap Screenings. Doctoral dissertation. Northcentral University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kishkovsky S. Igor Shafarevich, 93, Eminent Russian Mathematician. New York Times 2017:B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hospital Infection
AbbreviationJ. Hosp. Infect.
ISSN (print)0195-6701
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Infectious Diseases
Microbiology (medical)

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