How to format your references using the Journal of Hospital Infection citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hospital Infection. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Kielpinski D. Quantum physics: Quantum sound waves stick together. Nature 2015;527:45–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Nair S, Schilling TF. Chemokine signaling controls endodermal migration during zebrafish gastrulation. Science 2008;322:89–92.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Karnath HO, Ferber S, Himmelbach M. Spatial awareness is a function of the temporal not the posterior parietal lobe. Nature 2001;411:950–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Mao WL, Mao H-K, Meng Y, Eng PJ, Hu MY, Chow P, et al. X-ray-induced dissociation of H2O and formation of an O2-H2 alloy at high pressure. Science 2006;314:636–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Walkenbach J. John Walkenbach’s Favorite Excel® 2010 Tips & Tricks. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Vega WA, Markides KS, Angel JL, Torres-Gil FM, editors. Challenges of Latino Aging in the Americas. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Ye E, Chee PL, Prasad A, Fang X, Owh C, Yeo VJJ, et al. Supramolecular Soft Biomaterials for Biomedical Applications. In: Loh XJ, editor. In-Situ Gelling Polymers: For Biomedical Applications, Singapore: Springer; 2015, p. 107–25.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hospital Infection.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Ten Weird And Terrifying Medical Instruments From The Past. IFLScience 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. [Comments on Montana’s Entitlement to Restoration of Rehabilitation Funds]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Gwaduri E. A personal narrative: Struggles and experiences of acculturation as a Pakistani Shia Muslim while battling immigration. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Vecsey G. Gridiron and Steel Toughened Judge In Clemens Case. New York Times 2011:B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hospital Infection
AbbreviationJ. Hosp. Infect.
ISSN (print)0195-6701
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Infectious Diseases
Microbiology (medical)

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