How to format your references using the Odontology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Odontology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Abbott A. Neuroscience: genomics on the brain. Nature. 2003;426:757.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Engwerda CR, Good MF. Immunology. Platelets kill the parasite within. Science. 2012;338:1304–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Storey M, Duncan RA, Swisher CC 3rd. Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum and the opening of the Northeast Atlantic. Science. 2007;316:587–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Choi S, Yu X, Jongpaiboonkit L, Hollister SJ, Murphy WL. Inorganic coatings for optimized non-viral transfection of stem cells. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1567.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Danby FW. Acne. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1. Wintour EM, Owens JA, editors. Early Life Origins of Health and Disease. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Steglich-Petersen A. Causation. In: Poli R, Seibt J, editors. Theory and Applications of Ontology: Philosophical Perspectives. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010. p. 83–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Odontology.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Neanderthal Diets Changed With Climate. Ours Didn’t [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. More Competition Needed in the Federal Procurement of Automatic Data Processing Equipment. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1974 May. Report No.: B-115369.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Belic B. Complement Verb Variation in Present-Day Serbian [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2005.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Akbar K. Being in This World Makes Me Feel Like a Time Traveler. New York Times. 2017 Oct 20;MM22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOdontology
ISSN (print)1618-1247
ISSN (online)1618-1255
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

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