How to format your references using the Ocular Oncology and Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ocular Oncology and Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bobrow M. Regulate research at the animal-human interface. Nature. 2011 Jul;475(7357):448.
A journal article with 2 authors
Froehler MT, Duffy CJ. Cortical neurons encoding path and place: where you go is where you are. Science. 2002 Mar;295(5564):2462–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Croon MB, Hillier JK, Sclater JG. Comment on “Mantle flow drives the subsidence of oceanic plates.” Science. 2011 Feb;331(6020):1011; author reply 1011.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chen J, Körner S, Craig SL, Rudkevich DM, Rebek J Jr. Amplification by compartmentalization. Nature. 2002 Jan;415(6870):385–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Silvia T, Anzur T. Power Performance. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
Fairweather A, editor. Virtue Epistemology Naturalized: Bridges Between Virtue Epistemology and Philosophy of Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Huber SG, Muijs D. School Leadership Effectiveness: The Growing Insight in the Importance of School Leadership for the Quality and Development of Schools and Their Pupils. In: Huber S, editor. School Leadership - International Perspectives. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010; pp 57–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ocular Oncology and Pathology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Researchers Discover How Deadly Rabies Virus Hijacks And Manipulates Nerve Cells [Internet]. IFLScience. 2014 Oct [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aerospace Plane Technology: Research and Development Efforts in Japan and Australia. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodgers R. Phylogenomic Analysis of Fundulidae Using RNA-Sequencing Data. 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY JC Jr. For Manhattan Fare-Beaters, a One-Way Ticket to Court May Be Gone Soon. New York Times. 2017 Jun;A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOcular Oncology and Pathology
AbbreviationOcul. Oncol. Pathol.
ISSN (print)2296-4681
ISSN (online)2296-4657

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