How to format your references using the Ocular Oncology and Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ocular Oncology and Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buckingham S: Bioinformatics: programmed for success. Nature 2003;425:209–215.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hetzel R, Hampel A: Slip rate variations on normal faults during glacial-interglacial changes in surface loads. Nature 2005;435:81–84.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brown RR, Deletic A, Wong THF: Interdisciplinarity: How to catalyse collaboration. Nature 2015;525:315–317.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Stice E, Spoor S, Bohon C, Small DM: Relation between obesity and blunted striatal response to food is moderated by TaqIA A1 allele. Science 2008;322:449–452.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Minoli D: A Networking Approach to Grid Computing. Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2004.
An edited book
García-Colín LS: The Kinetic Theory of a Dilute Ionized Plasma. Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Mays RW: Clinical Development of MultiStem® for Treatment of Injuries and Diseases of the Central Nervous System; in Hess DC (ed): Cell Therapy for Brain Injury. Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2015, pp 47–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ocular Oncology and Pathology.

Blog post
Luntz S: Solar Efficiency Record Smashed. IFLScience 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ADP Procurement: Army Accounting System Modernization. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kratovac S: Developmental alterations in inhibitory neurotransmission in the Fragile X Syndrome mouse basolateral amygdala 2012;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Markoff J, Rosenberg M: China’s Intelligent Weaponry Gets Smarter. New York Times 2017;BU1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOcular Oncology and Pathology
AbbreviationOcul. Oncol. Pathol.
ISSN (print)2296-4681
ISSN (online)2296-4657

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