How to format your references using the Occupational and Environmental Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Occupational and Environmental Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Lingham-Soliar T. Comment on ‘A Jurassic ornithischian dinosaur from Siberia with both feathers and scales’. Science 2014;346:434.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Sato T, Clevers H. Growing self-organizing mini-guts from a single intestinal stem cell: mechanism and applications. Science 2013;340:1190–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Goda K, Tsia KK, Jalali B. Serial time-encoded amplified imaging for real-time observation of fast dynamic phenomena. Nature 2009;458:1145–9.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Fornadi K, Ronai KZ, Turanyi CZ, et al. Sleep apnea is not associated with worse outcomes in kidney transplant recipients. Sci Rep 2014;4:6987.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Tagliamonte SA. Making Waves. Hoboken, NJ: : John Wiley & Sons, Inc 2015.
An edited book
1
Riley MA, Chavan MA, editors. Bacteriocins: Ecology and Evolution. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Smith TW. Of Hats and Scientific Laughter. In: Willis M, ed. Staging Science: Scientific Performance on Street, Stage and Screen. London: : Palgrave Macmillan UK 2016. 59–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Occupational and Environmental Medicine.

Blog post
1
Hale T. Japan’s Cherry Blossom Festivals Are Becoming Threatened By Beetles. IFLScience. 2016.https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/japan-cherry-blossom-festival-becoming-threatened-beetles/ (accessed 30 Oct 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Weaknesses in National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Facilities Utilization Program. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Jenkins DS. Comprehensive support for children of incarcerated parents and their families. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Herrman J, Isaac M. Counting Views Is Not as Easy as 1, 2, 3. New York Times. 2016;:B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOccupational and Environmental Medicine
AbbreviationOccup. Environ. Med.
ISSN (print)1351-0711
ISSN (online)1470-7926
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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