How to format your references using the Occupational and Environmental Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Occupational and Environmental Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
McDermott J. The evolution of music. Nature 2008;453:287–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Tram U, Sullivan W. Role of delayed nuclear envelope breakdown and mitosis in Wolbachia-induced cytoplasmic incompatibility. Science 2002;296:1124–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Nam J-M, Thaxton CS, Mirkin CA. Nanoparticle-based bio-bar codes for the ultrasensitive detection of proteins. Science 2003;301:1884–6.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Liang Z, Feng T, Lok S, et al. Space-coiling metamaterials with double negativity and conical dispersion. Sci Rep 2013;3:1614.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Islam MR, Chhetri AB, Khan MM. The Greening of Petroleum Operations. Hoboken, NJ: : John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2010.
An edited book
1
Aleskerov F. Utility Maximization, Choice and Preference. Second Edition. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Gestri M. EU Disaster Response Law: Principles and Instruments. In: Guttry A de, Gestri M, Venturini G, eds. International Disaster Response Law. The Hague, The Netherlands: : T. M. C. Asser Press 2012. 105–28.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Occupational and Environmental Medicine.

Blog post
1
Hamilton K. The Most Important Dam You Probably Haven’t Heard Of. IFLScience. 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: The Effect of Competition From Satellite Providers on Cable Rates. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Sewell A. A typology of sampling in hip-hop. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Billard M. Their Lotus Can’t Take Root On a Mat. New York Times. 2010;:ST6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOccupational and Environmental Medicine
AbbreviationOccup. Environ. Med.
ISSN (print)1351-0711
ISSN (online)1470-7926
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles