How to format your references using the Occupational and Environmental Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Occupational and Environmental Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Frierson DMW. Atmospheric science. Frictional dissipation--blame it on the rain. Science 2012;335:925–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Porcello D, Hsi S. Science education. Crowdsourcing and curating online education resources. Science 2013;341:240–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Turner S, Evans P, Hawkesworth C. Ultrafast source-to-surface movement of melt at island arcs from 226Ra-230Th systematics. Science 2001;292:1363–6.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Takayama S, Ostuni E, LeDuc P, et al. Subcellular positioning of small molecules. Nature 2001;411:1016.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bowling J. Diagnostic Dermoscopy. Oxford, UK: : Wiley-Blackwell 2011.
An edited book
Ferner RE. Neurofibromatoses in Clinical Practice. London: : Springer 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Schummer J. From Nano-Convergence to NBIC-Convergence: “The Best Way to Predict the Future is to Create it”. In: Kaiser M, Kurath M, Maasen S, et al., eds. Governing Future Technologies: Nanotechnology and the Rise of an Assessment Regime. Dordrecht: : Springer Netherlands 2010. 57–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Occupational and Environmental Medicine.

Blog post
Taub B. Public Health Experts Clash Over Olympic Zika Fears. IFLScience. 2016. (accessed 30 Oct 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Research: Super Collider Estimates and Germany’s Industrially Produced Magnets. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wolfe CJ. Dimensions of Purchasing Social Responsibility in Sustainable Supply Chain Organizations. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hogan S. How I Found Love and Companionship Online. New York Times. 2013;:ST12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOccupational and Environmental Medicine
AbbreviationOccup. Environ. Med.
ISSN (print)1351-0711
ISSN (online)1470-7926
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles