How to format your references using the Occupation, Participation and Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Occupation, Participation and Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Overpeck JT. Climate change. The hole record. Nature. 2000;403(6771):714-715.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Minton DA, Malhotra R. A record of planet migration in the main asteroid belt. Nature. 2009;457(7233):1109-1111.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Lanzillo NA, Kharche N, Nayak SK. Substrate-induced band gap renormalization in semiconducting carbon nanotubes. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3609.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
van Breugel M, Hirono M, Andreeva A, et al. Structures of SAS-6 suggest its organization in centrioles. Science. 2011;331(6021):1196-1199.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Pozzilli P, Lenzi A, Clarke BL, Young WF Jr. Imaging in Endocrinology. John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Luenberger DG. Linear and Nonlinear Programming. Vol 116. Third Edition. (Ye Y, ed.). Springer US; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Gillick J, Puri P. Pre-operative Management and Vascular Access. In: Puri P, Höllwarth M, eds. Pediatric Surgery. Springer; 2009:27-38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Occupation, Participation and Health.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. Birds Feast on Bugs Living in Sloth Fur. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Motor Carrier Safety: Commercial Vehicle Registration Program Has Kept Unsafe Carriers from Operating, but Effectiveness Is Difficult to Measure. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Mikhailik Y. Longing Limned. Published online 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Wagner J. DeGrom, a Mets Constant in This Season’s Rotation, Stymies the Giants. New York Times. June 25, 2017:SP4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleOccupation, Participation and Health
AbbreviationOTJR (Thorofare N J)
ISSN (print)1539-4492
ISSN (online)1938-2383
ScopeOccupational Therapy

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