How to format your references using the Occupation, Participation and Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Occupation, Participation and Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Aiken C. HIV: Antiviral action countered by Nef. Nature. 2015;526(7572):202-203.
A journal article with 2 authors
Folkman J, Camphausen K. Cancer. What does radiotherapy do to endothelial cells? Science. 2001;293(5528):227-228.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pobbati AV, Stein A, Fasshauer D. N- to C-terminal SNARE complex assembly promotes rapid membrane fusion. Science. 2006;313(5787):673-676.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sousa C, Novais Â, Magalhães A, Lopes J, Peixe L. Diverse high-risk B2 and D Escherichia coli clones depicted by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3278.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heuer A. Der Perfekte Tipp. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2012.
An edited book
Szasz A. Oncothermia: Principles and Practices. (Szasz N, Szasz O, eds.). Springer Netherlands; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
DeMuri GP, Wald ER. Microbiology of Acute, Subacute, and Chronic Rhinosinusitis in Children. In: Chang CC, Incaudo GA, Gershwin ME, eds. Diseases of the Sinuses: A Comprehensive Textbook of Diagnosis and Treatment. Springer; 2014:89-97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Occupation, Participation and Health.

Blog post
Andrews R. Dengue Virus Is Zika’s Most Powerful Weapon – And Sometimes Its Greatest Weakness. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Security Administration: Progress and Challenges Faced in Strengthening Three Key Security Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shellhouse K. The Cretaceous-Paleogene Boundary Deposit in LaSalle Parish, Louisiana. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. As to the Direction of the Roberts Court: The Jury Is Still Out. New York Times. March 7, 2007:A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleOccupation, Participation and Health
AbbreviationOTJR (Thorofare N J)
ISSN (print)1539-4492
ISSN (online)1938-2383
ScopeOccupational Therapy

Other styles