How to format your references using the Occupation, Participation and Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Occupation, Participation and Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dalton R. Bilateral Vietnam study plans to assess war fallout of dioxin. Nature. 2001;413(6855):442.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shekhawat GS, Dravid VP. Nanoscale imaging of buried structures via scanning near-field ultrasound holography. Science. 2005;310(5745):89-92.
A journal article with 3 authors
Scarborough CL, Ferrari J, Godfray HCJ. Aphid protected from pathogen by endosymbiont. Science. 2005;310(5755):1781.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kocot KM, Cannon JT, Todt C, et al. Phylogenomics reveals deep molluscan relationships. Nature. 2011;477(7365):452-456.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ni Z, Pacoret C, Benosman R, Régnier S. Haptic Feedback Teleoperation of Optical Tweezers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Levi P, Zweigle O, Häußermann K, Eckstein B, eds. Autonomous Mobile Systems 2012: 22. Fachgespräch Stuttgart, 26. Bis 28. September 2012. Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Quttineh NH, Larsson T, Lundberg K, Holmberg K. Effect Oriented Planning of Joint Attacks. In: Migdalas A, Sifaleras A, Georgiadis CK, Papathanasiou J, Stiakakis E, eds. Optimization Theory, Decision Making, and Operations Research Applications: Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium and 10th Balkan Conference on Operational Research. Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics. Springer; 2013:49-70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Occupation, Participation and Health.

Blog post
Andrew D. Your Light Bulbs Could Be Playing Havoc With Your Health – Here’s Why. IFLScience. Published October 19, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Agreed-Upon Procedures: Airport and Airway Trust Fund Excise Taxes. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dunbar S. Sideshow: An Alluring Dichotomy of Illusion and Humanity. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. In Russian Chill, Waiting Hours for a Touch of the Holy. New York Times. November 23, 2011:A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleOccupation, Participation and Health
AbbreviationOTJR (Thorofare N J)
ISSN (print)1539-4492
ISSN (online)1938-2383
ScopeOccupational Therapy

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