How to format your references using the Occupation, Participation and Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Occupation, Participation and Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Olson MV. Genome-sequencing anniversary. What does a “normal” human genome look like? Science. 2011;331(6019):872.
A journal article with 2 authors
Urton G, Brezine CJ. Khipu accounting in ancient Peru. Science. 2005;309(5737):1065-1067.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pertea M, Salzberg SL, Gardner MJ. Finding genes in Plasmodium falciparum. Nature. 2000;404(6773):34; discussion 34-5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lorenzoni M, Brandi F, Dante S, Giugni A, Torre B. Simple and effective graphene laser processing for neuron patterning application. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1954.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Atkin N, Biddiss M, Tallett F. The Wiley-Blackwell Dictionary of Modern European History Since 1789. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
Botterill LC, Wilhite DA, eds. From Disaster Response to Risk Management: Australia’s National Drought Policy. Vol 22. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Nolte A, Prilla M. Normal Users Cooperating on Process Models: Is It Possible at All? In: Herskovic V, Hoppe HU, Jansen M, Ziegler J, eds. Collaboration and Technology: 18th International Conference, CRIWG 2012 Raesfeld, Germany, September 16-19, 2012 Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012:57-72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Occupation, Participation and Health.

Blog post
Andrew D. World Set For Hottest Year On Record: World Meteorological Organization. IFLScience. Published November 16, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Status of Budget Authority Involved in Three Rescissions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Milillo MS. Analysis of emotional intelligence among management leaders and non-management leaders in software development. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kovaleski SF. Jailed 10 Years, but Still Awaiting a Speedy Trial. New York Times. September 19, 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleOccupation, Participation and Health
AbbreviationOTJR (Thorofare N J)
ISSN (print)1539-4492
ISSN (online)1938-2383
ScopeOccupational Therapy

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