How to format your references using the Obesity Facts citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Obesity Facts. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Slack JMW. Development. Planarian pluripotency. Science. 2011 May;332(6031):799–800.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ryan KK, Seeley RJ. Physiology. Food as a hormone. Science. 2013 Feb;339(6122):918–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhao Y, Samal E, Srivastava D. Serum response factor regulates a muscle-specific microRNA that targets Hand2 during cardiogenesis. Nature. 2005 Jul;436(7048):214–20.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Mustard JF, Poulet F, Gendrin A, Bibring J-P, Langevin Y, Gondet B, et al. Olivine and pyroxene diversity in the crust of Mars. Science. 2005 Mar;307(5715):1594–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonneau D, Fatu A, Souchet D. Hydrodynamic Bearings. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Baglioni P. Nanotechnologies in the Conservation of Cultural Heritage: A compendium of materials and techniques. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Fitzgerald DP, Herrmann JW, Sandborn PA, Schmidt LC, Gogoll TH. Constructing a Product Design for the Environment Process. In: Misra KB, editor. Handbook of Performability Engineering. London: Springer; 2008; pp 57–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Obesity Facts.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. The World’s Most Sensitive Search For Dark Matter Is Up And Running [Internet]. IFLScience. 2017 May [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. How Funds Granted to the Eisenhower College and the Rayburn Library Were Spent. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kory R. Development of an educational seminar for college female athletes, coaches, athletic directors and parents on the female athlete triad. 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu L. On Dealing With NATO Allies, and Military Spending. New York Times. 2017 Mar;A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleObesity Facts
AbbreviationObes. Facts
ISSN (print)1662-4025
ISSN (online)1662-4033
ScopePhysiology (medical)
Health(social science)

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