How to format your references using the Obesity Facts citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Obesity Facts. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koff WC. Accelerating HIV vaccine development. Nature. 2010 Mar;464(7286):161–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Klett EL, Patel SB. Biomedicine. Will the real cholesterol transporter please stand up. Science. 2004 Feb;303(5661):1149–50.
A journal article with 3 authors
Verbiscer AJ, Skrutskie MF, Hamilton DP. Saturn’s largest ring. Nature. 2009 Oct;461(7267):1098–100.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Reimers JR, Cai Z-L, Kobayashi R, Rätsep M, Freiberg A, Krausz E. Assignment of the Q-bands of the chlorophylls: coherence loss via Qx - Qy mixing. Sci Rep. 2013 Sep;3:2761.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Corsi P, Dulieu M. The Marketing of Technology Intensive Products and Services. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Micheli L, Stein C, O’Brien M, d’Hemecourt P, editors. Spinal Injuries and Conditions in Young Athletes. New York, NY: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Gosling P, Noordam B. Designing Good Experiments. In: Noordam LD, editor. Mastering Your PhD: Survival and Success in the Doctoral Years and Beyond. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011; pp 35–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Obesity Facts.

Blog post
Luntz S. Disturbingly High Concentrations of Ozone Depleting Molecule [Internet]. IFLScience. 2014 Aug


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. SSA Computers: Long-Range Vision Needed to Guide Future Systems Modernization Efforts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Puhr RA. Evolution of the Sparse inflorescence1 lineage in grasses. 2013

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. The Nonpaying Audience Withholds Its Applause. New York Times. 2002 Aug;144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleObesity Facts
AbbreviationObes. Facts
ISSN (print)1662-4025
ISSN (online)1662-4033
ScopePhysiology (medical)
Health(social science)

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