How to format your references using the Obesity Facts citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Obesity Facts. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sachs J. Recession Watch: Boost the developing world. Nature. 2009 Feb;457(7232):958.
A journal article with 2 authors
Costello EK, Relman DA. Population health: immaturity in the gut microbial community. Nature. 2014 Jun;510(7505):344–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Matthews AJ, Singhruck P, Heywood KJ. Deep ocean impact of a Madden-Julian oscillation observed by Argo floats. Science. 2007 Dec;318(5857):1765–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Jung H, In C, Choi H, Lee H. Anisotropy modeling of terahertz metamaterials: polarization dependent resonance manipulation by meta-atom cluster. Sci Rep. 2014 Jun;4:5217.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Budisa N. Engineering the Genetic Code. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
Auricchio A, Singh J, Rademakers FE, editors. Cardiac Imaging in Electrophysiology. London: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Khanna AK, Farag E. Anesthesia for Spine Osteotomy Surgery. In: Wang Y, Boachie-Adjei O, Lenke L, editors. Spinal Osteotomy. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2015; pp 37–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Obesity Facts.

Blog post
Andrew E. Precision Medicine Offers The Hope Of Cures Made Just For You [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 Jan [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. GSA: Causes of Delay in the Federal Communications Commission Move to the Portals II Building. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jones E. Leadership Practices in K-12 Public Schools for Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing Students: A Qualitative Study. 2019

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M. Jewelry Born Of Child’s Play. New York Times. 2010 Sep;E7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleObesity Facts
AbbreviationObes. Facts
ISSN (print)1662-4025
ISSN (online)1662-4033
ScopePhysiology (medical)
Health(social science)

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