How to format your references using the Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Gille S. Oceanography. How ice shelves melt. Science 2014;346:1180–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Hengel H, Koszinowski UH. Virology. A vaccine monkey wrench? Science 2010;328:51–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Peters AJ, Chen SX, Komiyama T. Emergence of reproducible spatiotemporal activity during motor learning. Nature 2014;510:263–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Spietz L, Lehnert KW, Siddiqi I, Schoelkopf RJ. Primary electronic thermometry using the shot noise of a tunnel junction. Science 2003;300:1929–32.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Corns TN. A History of Seventeenth-Century English Literature. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
[1]
Fang Z, Smith RL Jr, editors. Production of Biofuels and Chemicals from Lignin. Singapore: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Iosifidis P, Wheeler M. Modern Political Communication and Web 2.0 in Representative Democracies: The United States and the British Experience. In: Wheeler M, editor. Public Spheres and Mediated Social Networks in the Western Context and Beyond, London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016, p. 95–121.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Ancient People Ate Porridge 32,000 Years Ago. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/ancient-people-ate-porridge-32000-years-ago/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. FDA’s Activities Involving Sanitation Conditions at Food Storage Warehouses. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1974.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Dobbs J. The Potential Use of PEI Modified Biochar for Different Environmental Applications. Doctoral dissertation. Mississippi State University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Schmidt MS, Haberman M, Apuzzo M. Wary of Mueller, Trump’s Team Is Investigating His Investigators. New York Times 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases
AbbreviationNutr. Metab. Cardiovasc. Dis.
ISSN (print)0939-4753
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Nutrition and Dietetics

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