How to format your references using the Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
McKinnon WB. Journal club. A planetary scientist has big hopes for a little world. Nature 2008;456:425.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Li R, Wang Y. Neural mechanism for sensing fast motion in dim light. Sci Rep 2013;3:3159.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Korswagen HC, Herman MA, Clevers HC. Distinct beta-catenins mediate adhesion and signalling functions in C. elegans. Nature 2000;406:527–32.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Yoo C-H, Yeom J-H, Heo J-J, Song E-K, Lee S-I, Han M-K. Interferon β protects against lethal endotoxic and septic shock through SIRT1 upregulation. Sci Rep 2014;4:4220.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Forsberg K, Mansdorf SZ. Quick Selection Guide to Chemical Protective Clothing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
[1]
Spiess W. Conflict Prevention in Project Management: Strategies, Methods, Checklists, and Case Studies. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Blum ME. The Historical Logic of Non-Verbal Expression in Everyday Life and the Arts: The Perceptual Foundation of the Precept. In: Coohill PT, editor. Art Inspiring Transmutations of Life, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010, p. 39–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Did ‘Rising Star’ Shine Too Bright? IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/did-rising-star-shine-too-bright/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Intercity Passenger Rail: Amtrak Needs to Improve Its Decisionmaking Process for Its Route and Service Proposals. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Gemmer J. Shape Selection in the non-Euclidean Model of Elasticity. Doctoral dissertation. University of Arizona, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Greenhouse L. IN REVERSAL OF COURSE, JUSTICES, 5-4, BACK BAN ON ABORTION METHOD. New York Times 2007:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases
AbbreviationNutr. Metab. Cardiovasc. Dis.
ISSN (print)0939-4753
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Nutrition and Dietetics

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