How to format your references using the Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Nowotny H. Preserve the European Research Council’s legacy. Nature 2013;504:189.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Johnston KP, Shah PS. Materials science. Making nanoscale materials with supercritical fluids. Science 2004;303:482–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Muir G, Fleming CC, Schlötterer C. Species status of hybridizing oaks. Nature 2000;405:1016.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Hutchins JRA, Toyoda Y, Hegemann B, Poser I, Hériché J-K, Sykora MM, et al. Systematic analysis of human protein complexes identifies chromosome segregation proteins. Science 2010;328:593–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Harrington PJ. Pharmaceutical Process Chemistry for Synthesis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Tan T, Ruan Q, Wang S, Ma H, Di K, editors. Advances in Image and Graphics Technologies: 10th Chinese Conference, IGTA 2015, Beijing, China, June 19-20, 2015, Proceedings. vol. 525. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Lewko A, Waters B. Why Proving HIBE Systems Secure Is Difficult. In: Nguyen PQ, Oswald E, editors. Advances in Cryptology – EUROCRYPT 2014: 33rd Annual International Conference on the Theory and Applications of Cryptographic Techniques, Copenhagen, Denmark, May 11-15, 2014. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014, p. 58–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases.

Blog post
[1]
Taub B. See A Rare Monkey “Chatter” To A Camera. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/see-rare-monkey-chatter-camera/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Commercial Motor Carriers: More Could Be Done to Determine Impact of Excessive Loading and Unloading Wait Times on Hours of Service Violations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Porter J. Closing the classroom door: Denying the political, embracing the moral. Doctoral dissertation. University of Arizona, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Herzlinger M. Day Out for Dad and Daughter. New York Times 2017:A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases
AbbreviationNutr. Metab. Cardiovasc. Dis.
ISSN (print)0939-4753
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles