How to format your references using the Nutrition and Diabetes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nutrition and Diabetes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Toby S. The good and the bad. Nature 2001; 410: 523.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Domcke W, Sobolewski AL. Chemistry. Unraveling the molecular mechanisms of photoacidity. Science 2003; 302: 1693–1694.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Takeuchi H, Nakatsuji N, Suemori H. Endodermal differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells to insulin-producing cells in 3D culture. Sci Rep 2014; 4: 4488.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Wang D, Zhang Z, Zhu Z, Liang B. Magnetic structure and magnetic transport properties of graphene nanoribbons with sawtooth zigzag edges. Sci Rep 2014; 4: 7587.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Ghez R. A Primer of Diffusion Problems. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, FRG, 2005.
An edited book
1
Laws EA (ed.). Environmental Toxicology: Selected Entries from the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology. Springer: New York, NY, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Burred JJ, Haller M, Jin S, Samour A, Sikora T. Audio Content Analysis. In: Kompatsiaris Y, Hobson P (eds). Semantic Multimedia and Ontologies: Theory and Applications. Springer: London, 2008, pp 123–162.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nutrition and Diabetes.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. Self-Driving Cars Will Need People, Too. IFLScience. 2015.https://www.iflscience.com/technology/self-driving-cars-will-need-people-too/ (accessed 30 Oct2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. School Meal Programs: Implications of Adjusting Income Eligibility Thresholds and Reimbursement Rates by Geographic Differences. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Elizalde K. Relationship between Latino adolescents and their mental health well-being: A quantitative study. 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Barron J. In East Hampton, an Airport Is Viewed as a Roaring, Round-the-Clock Nuisance. New York Times. 2017; : A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNutrition and Diabetes
AbbreviationNutr. Diabetes
ISSN (online)2044-4052
Scope

Other styles