How to format your references using the Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wade N (2009) Retrospective. John Maddox (1925-2009). Science 324:1028
A journal article with 2 authors
Süsstrunk R, Huber SD (2015) PHYSICS. Observation of phononic helical edge states in a mechanical topological insulator. Science 349:47–50
A journal article with 3 authors
Kuhn G, Hijri M, Sanders IR (2001) Evidence for the evolution of multiple genomes in arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Nature 414:745–748
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Atabaki AH, Moazeni S, Pavanello F, et al (2018) Publisher Correction: Integrating photonics with silicon nanoelectronics for the next generation of systems on a chip. Nature 560:E4

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hewitt A (2016) Construction Claims & Responses. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Dutt AK, Noble AG, Costa FJ, et al (eds) (2016) Spatial Diversity and Dynamics in Resources and Urban Development: Volume II: Urban Development, 1st ed. 2016. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Musarrat J, Al Khedhairy AA, Al-Arifi S, Khan MS (2009) Role of 1-Aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate deaminase in Rhizobium–Legume Symbiosis. In: Khan MS, Zaidi A, Musarrat J (eds) Microbial Strategies for Crop Improvement. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 63–83

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems.

Blog post
Luntz S (2016) First Drug Success In Slowing Previously Untreatable Form Of Multiple Sclerosis. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1974) Survey of Selected Computer-Based Information Systems at the Food and Drug Administration. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Madapatha SA (2015) Energy efficient hierarchical wireless routing protocol (EEHW routing protocol). Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Verghese A (2014) Worried Sick. New York Times MM13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wade 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Wade 2009; Süsstrunk and Huber 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Süsstrunk and Huber 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Atabaki et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleNutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems
AbbreviationNutr. Cycling Agroecosyst.
ISSN (print)1385-1314
ISSN (online)1573-0867
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Soil Science
General Earth and Planetary Sciences
General Environmental Science

Other styles