How to format your references using the Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McBain CJ (2012) Neuroscience. Decoding the neuronal Tower of Babel. Science 338:482–483
A journal article with 2 authors
Rogers WB, Manoharan VN (2015) DNA nanotechnology. Programming colloidal phase transitions with DNA strand displacement. Science 347:639–642
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen D-B, Xiao R, Zeng A (2014) Predicting the evolution of spreading on complex networks. Sci Rep 4:6108
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Cook ER, Woodhouse CA, Eakin CM, et al (2004) Long-term aridity changes in the western United States. Science 306:1015–1018

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kölle W (2009) Wasseranalysen - richtig beurteilt. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Martínez-Trinidad JF, Carrasco Ochoa JA, Kittler J (eds) (2006) Progress in Pattern Recognition, Image Analysis and Applications: 11th Iberoamerican Congress in Pattern Recognition, CIARP 2006 Cancun, Mexico, November 14-17, 2006 Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Waldron S (2013) Group Frames. In: Casazza PG, Kutyniok G (eds) Finite Frames: Theory and Applications. Birkhäuser, Boston, MA, pp 171–191

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) We Will Soon Be Able To Test For Cancer Or Heart Disease As Easily As Pregnancy. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Polar-Orbiting Operational Environmental Satellites: Restructuring Is Under Way, but Technical Challenges and Risks Remain. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Decker KM (2013) A study of relationships between counselor education, social justice advocacy competence, and likelihood to advocate. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bernstein J, Spielberg B (2017) Medicaid Work Rules Won’t Work. New York Times A25

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McBain 2012).
This sentence cites two references (McBain 2012; Rogers and Manoharan 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rogers and Manoharan 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Cook et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleNutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems
AbbreviationNutr. Cycling Agroecosyst.
ISSN (print)1385-1314
ISSN (online)1573-0867
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Soil Science
General Earth and Planetary Sciences
General Environmental Science

Other styles