How to format your references using the Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Surani MA (2001) Reprogramming of genome function through epigenetic inheritance. Nature 414:122–128
A journal article with 2 authors
Jacob L, Lum L (2007) Deconstructing the hedgehog pathway in development and disease. Science 318:66–68
A journal article with 3 authors
Romero R, Dey SK, Fisher SJ (2014) Preterm labor: one syndrome, many causes. Science 345:760–765
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Yermiyahu U, Tal A, Ben-Gal A, et al (2007) Environmental science. Rethinking desalinated water quality and agriculture. Science 318:920–921

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mastro PF (2016) Plastics Product Design. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Brosius C, Wenzlhuemer R (eds) (2011) Transcultural Turbulences: Towards a Multi-Sited Reading of Image Flows. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Deng L (2011) Front-End, Back-End, and Hybrid Techniques for Noise-Robust Speech Recognition. In: Kolossa D, Häb-Umbach R (eds) Robust Speech Recognition of Uncertain or Missing Data: Theory and Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 67–99

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) New Hope for a Dengue Fever Vaccine. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) GAO’s Views on SDIO’s Phase I Cost Estimate. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moore J (2012) Recall after conscious sedation for gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures and its effect on patient satisfaction. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L (2009) Putting Veterans First in the Job Market. New York Times LI2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Surani 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Surani 2001; Jacob and Lum 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jacob and Lum 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Yermiyahu et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleNutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems
AbbreviationNutr. Cycling Agroecosyst.
ISSN (print)1385-1314
ISSN (online)1573-0867
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Soil Science
General Earth and Planetary Sciences
General Environmental Science

Other styles