How to format your references using the Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macfarlane AM (2011) Nuclear policy. The overlooked back end of the nuclear fuel cycle. Science 333:1225–1226
A journal article with 2 authors
Kingston T, Rossiter SJ (2004) Harmonic-hopping in Wallacea’s bats. Nature 429:654–657
A journal article with 3 authors
Shim SH, Duffy TS, Shen G (2001) Stability and structure of MgSiO3 perovskite to 2300-kilometer depth in Earth’s mantle. Science 293:2437–2440
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Huang J, Rozelle S, Pray C, Wang Q (2002) Plant biotechnology in China. Science 295:674–676

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Overhauser A (2010) Anomalous Effects in Simple Metals. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Schoenberger SP, Katsikis PD, Pulendran B (eds) (2009) Crossroads between Innate and Adaptive Immunity II. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Ankerhold J (2015) Dissipation in Quantum Mechanical Systems: Where Is the System and Where Is the Reservoir? In: Falkenburg B, Morrison M (eds) Why More Is Different: Philosophical Issues in Condensed Matter Physics and Complex Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 55–67

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Why Do We Age? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Public Transportation: Future Demand Is Likely for New Starts and Small Starts Programs, but Improvements Needed to the Small Starts Application Process. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Diniega S (2010) Modeling aeolian dune and dune field evolution. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Novick SM (2015) North Fork Grows Meat to Go With the Potatoes. New York Times LI9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macfarlane 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Kingston and Rossiter 2004; Macfarlane 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kingston and Rossiter 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Huang et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleNutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems
AbbreviationNutr. Cycling Agroecosyst.
ISSN (print)1385-1314
ISSN (online)1573-0867
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Soil Science
General Earth and Planetary Sciences
General Environmental Science

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