How to format your references using the Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chyba CF (2010) Atmospheric science. Countering the early faint Sun. Science 328:1238–1239
A journal article with 2 authors
Hinchliffe P, Sazanov LA (2005) Organization of iron-sulfur clusters in respiratory complex I. Science 309:771–774
A journal article with 3 authors
Pavlidis I, Eberhardt NL, Levine JA (2002) Seeing through the face of deception. Nature 415:35
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Yancheva G, Nowaczyk NR, Mingram J, et al (2007) Influence of the intertropical convergence zone on the East Asian monsoon. Nature 445:74–77

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bertolini L, Elsener B, Pedeferri P, Polder RB (2003) Corrosion of Steel in Concrete. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG
An edited book
Gelbukh A (ed) (2012) Computational Linguistics and Intelligent Text Processing: 13th International Conference, CICLing 2012, New Delhi, India, March 11-17, 2012, Proceedings, Part II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Eckold G, Schober H (2014) In-situ and Kinetic Studies Using Neutrons. In: Ziegler A, Graafsma H, Zhang XF, Frenken JWM (eds) In-situ Materials Characterization: Across Spatial and Temporal Scales. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 147–179

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Researchers Make Significant Progress In The Development Of An Alzheimer’s Blood Test. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012) Next Generation Air Transportation System: FAA Faces Implementation Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martinez C (2010) An after-school program at the middle school level for at-risk youth. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kovaleski SF (2016) Tracking an Elusive Diary From Hitler’s Inner Circle. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chyba 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Hinchliffe and Sazanov 2005; Chyba 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hinchliffe and Sazanov 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Yancheva et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleNutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems
AbbreviationNutr. Cycling Agroecosyst.
ISSN (print)1385-1314
ISSN (online)1573-0867
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Soil Science
General Earth and Planetary Sciences
General Environmental Science

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