How to format your references using the Annals of Anatomy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Anatomy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tokura, Y., 2006. Materials science. Multiferroics as quantum electromagnets. Science 312, 1481–1482.
A journal article with 2 authors
Berkman, M.B., Plutzer, E., 2011. Science education. Defeating creationism in the courtroom, but not in the classroom. Science 331, 404–405.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bailis, R., Ezzati, M., Kammen, D.M., 2005. Mortality and greenhouse gas impacts of biomass and petroleum energy futures in Africa. Science 308, 98–103.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bäurle, I., Smith, L., Baulcombe, D.C., Dean, C., 2007. Widespread role for the flowering-time regulators FCA and FPA in RNA-mediated chromatin silencing. Science 318, 109–112.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith, D.A., van de Waterbeemd, H., Walker, D.K., 2006. Pharmacokinetics and Metabolism in Drug Design: SMITH: PHARMACOKINETICS AND METABOLISM IN DRUG DESIGN O-BK, Methods and Principles in Medicinal Chemistry. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Pescatori, M., 2008. Imaging Atlas of the Pelvic Floor and Anorectal Diseases. Springer, Milano.
A chapter in an edited book
Nakahara, N., Miyazaki, K., Sakamoto, H., Fujisawa, T.X., Nagata, N., Nakatsu, R., 2009. Dance Motion Control of a Humanoid Robot Based on Real-Time Tempo Tracking from Musical Audio Signals, in: Natkin, S., Dupire, J. (Eds.), Entertainment Computing – ICEC 2009: 8th International Conference, Paris, France, September 3-5, 2009. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 36–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Anatomy.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. The U.S. Military Once Tested Biological Warfare On The Whole Of San Francisco [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2010. Information Technology: Opportunities Exist to Improve Management of DOD’s Electronic Health Record Initiative (No. GAO-11-50). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Barrios, G., 2012. Outreach program to address the unmet needs of Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom veterans: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2017. Oh, the Faults in Their Stars. New York Times C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tokura, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Berkman and Plutzer, 2011; Tokura, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Berkman and Plutzer, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Bäurle et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Anatomy
AbbreviationAnn. Anat.
ISSN (print)0940-9602
ScopeDevelopmental Biology
General Medicine

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