How to format your references using the Annals of Anatomy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Anatomy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Paul, D., 2000. A double-edged sword. Nature 405, 515.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pera, M., Trounson, A., 2013. Cloning debate: Stem-cell researchers must stay engaged. Nature 498, 159–161.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ravi, M., Marimuthu, M.P.A., Siddiqi, I., 2008. Gamete formation without meiosis in Arabidopsis. Nature 451, 1121–1124.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Okubo, Y., Mera, T., Wang, L., Faustman, D.L., 2013. Homogeneous expansion of human T-regulatory cells via tumor necrosis factor receptor 2. Sci. Rep. 3, 3153.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eidhammer, I., Barsnes, H., Eide, G.E., Martens, L., 2013. Computational and Statistical Methods for Protein Quantification by Mass Spectrometry. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Morrill, G., Muskens, R., Osswald, R., Richter, F. (Eds.), 2014. Formal Grammar: 19th International Conference, FG 2014, Tübingen, Germany, August 16-17, 2014. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Atienza Alonso, D., Mamagkakis, S., Poucet, C., Peón-Quirós, M., Bartzas, A., Catthoor, F., Soudris, D., 2015. Dynamic Data Types Optimization in Multimedia and Communication Applications, in: Mamagkakis, S., Poucet, C., Peón-Quirós, M., Bartzas, A., Catthoor, F., Soudris, D. (Eds.), Dynamic Memory Management for Embedded Systems. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 93–134.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Anatomy.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Obesity Drug May Be On The Horizon After Study Pinpoints Genetic Mechanism [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2016. Federal Research Grants: Opportunities Remain for Agencies to Streamline Administrative Requirements (No. GAO-16-573). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eldridge, R.L., 2012. A Comparative Quantitative Study of Private College Audit Fee Behavior in a Highly Regulated Environment (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, P., Shear, M.D., 2017. To President, Human Rights Concerns Are Often a Barrier to Trade. New York Times A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Paul, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Paul, 2000; Pera and Trounson, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pera and Trounson, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Okubo et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Anatomy
AbbreviationAnn. Anat.
ISSN (print)0940-9602
ScopeDevelopmental Biology
General Medicine

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