How to format your references using the Annals of Anatomy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Anatomy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dolgin, E., 2015. Mental health: Monsters in the mirror. Nature 526, S14-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Garcia-Pichel, F., Pringault, O., 2001. Microbiology. Cyanobacteria track water in desert soils. Nature 413, 380–381.
A journal article with 3 authors
Javaux, E.J., Knoll, A.H., Walter, M.R., 2001. Morphological and ecological complexity in early eukaryotic ecosystems. Nature 412, 66–69.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liu, X.-W., Chen, J.-J., Huang, Y.-X., Sun, X.-F., Sheng, G.-P., Li, D.-B., Xiong, L., Zhang, Y.-Y., Zhao, F., Yu, H.-Q., 2014. Experimental and theoretical demonstrations for the mechanism behind enhanced microbial electron transfer by CNT network. Sci. Rep. 4, 3732.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Storhas, W., 2013. Bioverfahrensentwicklung. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Heywood, D., 2010. The Pedagogy of Physical Science, Contemporary Trends and Issues in Science Education. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Alvarez, R.H., 2013. HER2-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer: Second-Line Treatment, in: Cortés, J., Mattos-Arruda, L.D., Falzon, M., Fasolo, A., Gandy, M., Gianni, L., Harbeck, N., Piccart, M., Zambelli, S., Zardavas, D. (Eds.), Handbook of HER2-Targeted Agents in Breast Cancer. Springer Healthcare Ltd., Tarporley, pp. 61–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Anatomy.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. This Insect Spits Poop-Smelling Chemicals into Predators’ Mouths [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1976. An Experimental Computer Output Microfilm Service Center (No. 092324). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holland, J.H., 2010. Investigating the relationship between the policy implementation process and the utilization of information technology in a constitutional republic: The case of I-269 NEPA process (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dorman, J.L., 2017. What Kal Penn Loves About Being in Toronto. New York Times TR2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dolgin, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Dolgin, 2015; Garcia-Pichel and Pringault, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Garcia-Pichel and Pringault, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Anatomy
AbbreviationAnn. Anat.
ISSN (print)0940-9602
ScopeDevelopmental Biology
General Medicine

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