How to format your references using the Annals of Anatomy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Anatomy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Snyder, S.H., 2005. Obituary: Julius Axelrod (1912-2004). Nature 433, 593.
A journal article with 2 authors
Straub, T., Becker, P.B., 2013. Comment on “Drosophila dosage compensation involves enhanced Pol II recruitment to male X-linked promoters.” Science 340, 273.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kusumbe, A.P., Ramasamy, S.K., Adams, R.H., 2014. Coupling of angiogenesis and osteogenesis by a specific vessel subtype in bone. Nature 507, 323–328.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Balsam, L.B., Wagers, A.J., Christensen, J.L., Kofidis, T., Weissman, I.L., Robbins, R.C., 2004. Haematopoietic stem cells adopt mature haematopoietic fates in ischaemic myocardium. Nature 428, 668–673.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Freeman, R.L., 2002. Reference Manual for Telecommunications Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kaiser, M., Kurath, M., Maasen, S., Rehmann-Sutter, C. (Eds.), 2010. Governing Future Technologies: Nanotechnology and the Rise of an Assessment Regime, Sociology of the Sciences Yearbook. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Jha, P., Jha, P.N., 2015. Plant-Microbe Partnerships for Enhanced Biodegradation of Polychlorinated Biphenyls, in: Arora, N.K. (Ed.), Plant Microbes Symbiosis: Applied Facets. Springer India, New Delhi, pp. 95–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Anatomy.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. Can Drinking Coffee Reduce Your Dementia Risk? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Telecommunications Technology: Federal Funding for Schools and Libraries (No. HEHS-99-133). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roediger, E., 2015. Relaxation Skills Training for Elementary Aged Children (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, T., 1999. A Consultant Reports a Flaw In Ebay’s Web Site Security. New York Times G3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Snyder, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Snyder, 2005; Straub and Becker, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Straub and Becker, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Balsam et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Anatomy
AbbreviationAnn. Anat.
ISSN (print)0940-9602
ScopeDevelopmental Biology
General Medicine

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