How to format your references using the Annals of Anatomy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Anatomy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hamann, T., 2014. Chemistry. Perovskites take lead in solar hydrogen race. Science 345, 1566–1567.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nilsson, J., Payne, D.N., 2011. Physics. High-power fiber lasers. Science 332, 921–922.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, Y., Zhang, Y., Ha, Y., 2006. Crystal structure of a rhomboid family intramembrane protease. Nature 444, 179–180.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Johnson, Z.I., Zinser, E.R., Coe, A., McNulty, N.P., Woodward, E.M.S., Chisholm, S.W., 2006. Niche partitioning among Prochlorococcus ecotypes along ocean-scale environmental gradients. Science 311, 1737–1740.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pike, A., 2015. Origination. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Holick, M.F. (Ed.), 2010. Vitamin D: Physiology, Molecular Biology, and Clinical Applications, Nutrition and Health. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ.
A chapter in an edited book
Hammer, B., Hasenfuss, A., Schleif, F.-M., Villmann, T., 2006. Supervised Batch Neural Gas, in: Schwenker, F., Marinai, S. (Eds.), Artificial Neural Networks in Pattern Recognition: Second IAPR Workshop, ANNPR 2006, Ulm, Germany, August 31-September 2, 2006. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 33–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Anatomy.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Kenya Is A Breastfeeding Success Story But Still Has Its Challenges [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2002. Highway Research: Systematic Selection and Evaluation Processes Needed for Research Program (No. GAO-02-573). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pavuluri, V.K., 2014. Field Oriented Control of Induction Motors Based on DSP Controller (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson, G., 2010. Den of Antiquities. New York Times BR8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hamann, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Hamann, 2014; Nilsson and Payne, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nilsson and Payne, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Johnson et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Anatomy
AbbreviationAnn. Anat.
ISSN (print)0940-9602
ScopeDevelopmental Biology
General Medicine

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