How to format your references using the Nuclear Physics B citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nuclear Physics B. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Clayton, Chagas disease 101, Nature. 465 (2010) S4-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
L.C. Hsieh-Wilson, M.E. Griffin, Chemistry. Improving biologic drugs via total chemical synthesis, Science. 342 (2013) 1332–1333.
A journal article with 3 authors
K. Regenauer-Lieb, D.A. Yuen, J. Branlund, The initiation of subduction: criticality by addition of water?, Science. 294 (2001) 578–580.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J.T. Sockolosky, E. Trotta, G. Parisi, L. Picton, L.L. Su, A.C. Le, A. Chhabra, S.L. Silveria, B.M. George, I.C. King, M.R. Tiffany, K. Jude, L.V. Sibener, D. Baker, J.A. Shizuru, A. Ribas, J.A. Bluestone, K.C. Garcia, Selective targeting of engineered T cells using orthogonal IL-2 cytokine-receptor complexes, Science. 359 (2018) 1037–1042.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Prud’Homme, Flows and Chemical Reactions in an Electromagnetic Field, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2014.
An edited book
W. Leal Filho, ed., Transformative Approaches to Sustainable Development at Universities: Working Across Disciplines, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
E.J. Takahashi, P. Lan, T. Okino, Y. Furukawa, Y. Nabekawa, K. Yamanouchi, K. Midorikawa, Intense Attosecond Pulses for Probing Ultrafast Molecular Dynamics, in: K. Yamanouchi, S. Cundiff, R. de Vivie-Riedle, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, L. DiMauro (Eds.), Ultrafast Phenomena XIX: Proceedings of the 19th International Conference, Okinawa Convention Center, Okinawa, Japan, July 7-11, 2014, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 16–19.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nuclear Physics B.

Blog post
J. Davis, New GM Rice Plant Could Increase Yield And Cut Greenhouse Gas Emissions, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Transportation: Federal Assessments Levied on Commercial Maritime Industry, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K.W. Cole, Principal investigator and department administrator perceptions of services provided by Offices of Research Administration at research universities, Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Karr, JAN. 15, 2006: Thanks for The Memoirs, New York Times. (2010) F15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNuclear Physics B
ISSN (print)0920-5632

Other styles