How to format your references using the Nuclear Fusion citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nuclear Fusion. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Selkoe D J 2002 Alzheimer’s disease is a synaptic failure Science 298 789–91
A journal article with 2 authors
Freeman A S and Byers J E 2006 Divergent induced responses to an invasive predator in marine mussel populations Science 313 831–3
A journal article with 3 authors
Lappala A, Zaccone A and Terentjev E M 2013 Ratcheted diffusion transport through crowded nanochannels Sci. Rep. 3 3103
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Dror I, Amitay T, Yaron B and Berkowitz B 2003 Salt-pump mechanism for contaminant intrusion into coastal aquifers Science 300 950

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sedlacek H H, Sapienza A M and Eid V 2008 Ways to Successful Strategies in Drug Research and Development (Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH)
An edited book
Akhgar B and Brewster B 2016 Combatting Cybercrime and Cyberterrorism: Challenges, Trends and Priorities (Cham: Springer International Publishing)
A chapter in an edited book
Araç D, Sträter N and Seiradake E 2016 Understanding the Structural Basis of Adhesion GPCR Functions Adhesion G Protein-coupled Receptors: Molecular, Physiological and Pharmacological Principles in Health and Disease Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology ed T Langenhan and T Schöneberg (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 67–82

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nuclear Fusion.

Blog post
Fang J 2015 New Species Of Snake Discovered In Western Australia IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2009 Recovery Act: States’ Use of Highway Infrastructure Funds and Compliance with the Act’s Requirements (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sun Z 2013 A qualitative study of Chinese parents’ beliefs, involvement and challenges in support of their children’s English language development in China Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Deloureiro L, Burke B, Bretherton G and Stuart C 2010 Harvard Man May Be Winner On Winless Bills New York Times B11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNuclear Fusion
AbbreviationNucl. Fusion
ISSN (print)0029-5515
ISSN (online)1741-4326
ScopeCondensed Matter Physics
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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