How to format your references using the Nuclear Fusion citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nuclear Fusion. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Luo Z-X 2007 Transformation and diversification in early mammal evolution Nature 450 1011–9
A journal article with 2 authors
Shimamoto T and Togo T 2012 Geophysics. Earthquakes in the lab Science 338 54–5
A journal article with 3 authors
Pertea M, Salzberg S L and Gardner M J 2000 Finding genes in Plasmodium falciparum Nature 404 34; discussion 34-5
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Gurnett D A, Persoon A M, Kurth W S, Groene J B, Averkamp T F, Dougherty M K and Southwood D J 2007 The variable rotation period of the inner region of Saturn’s plasma disk Science 316 442–5

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Upreti S R 2017 Process Modeling and Simulation for Chemical Engineers (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Robinson M and Silverman H 2015 Encounters with Popular Pasts: Cultural Heritage and Popular Culture (Cham: Springer International Publishing)
A chapter in an edited book
Chang N-H, Kinoshita M and Nishihara Y 2013 Liquid Crystals Applied Cross-Coupling Reactions Lecture Notes in Chemistry ed Y Nishihara (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 111–35

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nuclear Fusion.

Blog post
Hale T 2015 This Is How The Flu Invades Your Body IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2014 FAA Reauthorization Act: Progress and Challenges Implementing Various Provisions of the 2012 Act (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garcia R I 2009 Variable selection for models with missing data Doctoral dissertation (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky L 2010 Motorcycle Derby New York Times ST3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNuclear Fusion
AbbreviationNucl. Fusion
ISSN (print)0029-5515
ISSN (online)1741-4326
ScopeCondensed Matter Physics
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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