How to format your references using the Nuclear Fusion citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nuclear Fusion. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sharpe T 2015 Geology. The birth of the geological map Science 347 230–2
A journal article with 2 authors
Palczewski K and Kiser P D 2013 Biochemistry. As good as chocolate Science 340 562–3
A journal article with 3 authors
Laland K N, Odling-Smee J and Feldman M W 2004 Causing a commotion Nature 429 609
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Heremans J P, Jovovic V, Toberer E S, Saramat A, Kurosaki K, Charoenphakdee A, Yamanaka S and Snyder G J 2008 Enhancement of thermoelectric efficiency in PbTe by distortion of the electronic density of states Science 321 554–7

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bisen P S, Debnath M and Prasad G B K S 2012 Microbes (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Lacroix Z, Ruckhaus E and Vidal M-E 2013 Resource Discovery: 5th International Workshop, RED 2012, Co-located with the 9th Extended Semantic Web Conference, ESWC 2012, Heraklion, Greece, May 27, 2012, Revised Selected Papers vol 8194 (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Silva P V 2012 Groups and Automata: A Perfect Match Descriptional Complexity of Formal Systems: 14th International Workshop, DCFS 2012, Braga, Portugal, July 23-25, 2012. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science ed M Kutrib, N Moreira and R Reis (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 50–63

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nuclear Fusion.

Blog post
Andrew E 2014 Why Do Bats Transmit So Many Diseases? IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2002 School Finance: Per-Pupil Spending Differences between Selected Inner City and Suburban Schools Varied by Metropolitan Area (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Murillo K 2010 An analysis of California community college budget policy key components in multicollege districts Doctoral dissertation (Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mueller B 2015 Squabbling, Hesitation and Luck Had Roles in Capture New York Times A17

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNuclear Fusion
AbbreviationNucl. Fusion
ISSN (print)0029-5515
ISSN (online)1741-4326
ScopeCondensed Matter Physics
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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