How to format your references using the Nuclear Engineering and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nuclear Engineering and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
H. Schopper, Islam and science: where are the new patrons of science?, Nature. 444 (2006) 35–36.
A journal article with 2 authors
K. Fredrick, H.F. Noller, Catalysis of ribosomal translocation by sparsomycin, Science. 300 (2003) 1159–1162.
A journal article with 3 authors
S. Nakagome, S. Mano, M. Hasegawa, Comment on “Nuclear genomic sequences reveal that polar bears are an old and distinct bear lineage,” Science. 339 (2013) 1522.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D.V.F. Tauriello, S. Palomo-Ponce, D. Stork, A. Berenguer-Llergo, J. Badia-Ramentol, M. Iglesias, M. Sevillano, S. Ibiza, A. Cañellas, X. Hernando-Momblona, D. Byrom, J.A. Matarin, A. Calon, E.I. Rivas, A.R. Nebreda, A. Riera, C.S.-O. Attolini, E. Batlle, TGFβ drives immune evasion in genetically reconstituted colon cancer metastasis, Nature. 554 (2018) 538–543.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Z.-J. Shi, Homogeneous Catalysis for Unreactive Bond Activation, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2014.
An edited book
R. Michalzik, ed., VCSELs: Fundamentals, Technology and Applications of Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
J.L. Kulikowski, The Role of Ontological Models in Pattern Recognition, in: M. Kurzyński, E. Puchała, M. Woźniak, A. żołnierek (Eds.), Computer Recognition Systems: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Computer Recognition Systems CORES ’05, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005: pp. 43–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nuclear Engineering and Technology.

Blog post
E. Andrew, New Fossil Evidence Suggests There Have Been 6 Mass Extinctions, Not 5, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s First-Year Implementation of the Federal Manager’s Financial Integrity Act, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1984.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K.A. Van Vlack, Puaxant tuvip: Powerlands Southern Paiute cultural landscapes and pilgrimage trails, Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Goldstein, Daughter of Slain Police Officer Is Born, Two Years After Her Father’s Death, New York Times. (2017) A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNuclear Engineering and Technology
AbbreviationNucl. Eng. Technol.
ISSN (print)1738-5733
ScopeNuclear Energy and Engineering

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