How to format your references using the NRIAG Journal of Astronomy and Geophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for NRIAG Journal of Astronomy and Geophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nitzan, A., 2007. Chemistry. Molecules take the heat. Science 317, 759–760.
A journal article with 2 authors
Page, M.T., Hough, S.E., 2014. The New Madrid Seismic Zone: not dead yet. Science 343, 762–764.
A journal article with 3 authors
Roberts, J.M., Wheeler, A.J., Freiwald, A., 2006. Reefs of the deep: the biology and geology of cold-water coral ecosystems. Science 312, 543–547.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Flack, J.C., Girvan, M., de Waal, F.B.M., Krakauer, D.C., 2006. Policing stabilizes construction of social niches in primates. Nature 439, 426–429.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smirnov, B.M., 2010. Cluster Processes in Gases and Plasmas. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Bartz-Beielstein, T., Branke, J., Filipič, B., Smith, J. (Eds.), 2014. Parallel Problem Solving from Nature – PPSN XIII: 13th International Conference, Ljubljana, Slovenia, September 13-17, 2014. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Quarteroni, A., Saleri, F., Gervasio, P., 2010. Linear systems, in: Saleri, F., Gervasio, P. (Eds.), Scientific Computing with MATLAB and Octave, Texts in Computational Science and Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 129–179.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for NRIAG Journal of Astronomy and Geophysics.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2017. World’s Second Breeding Population Of Critically Endangered Indochinese Tigers Discovered [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1978. Guidelines for Survey of the Pricing of Negotiated Noncompetitive DOD Prime Contracts With McDonnell Douglas and Raytheon and NASA Prime Contracts With General Electric (No. 109290). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williams, C., 2017. Tattooing and the Generalized Other (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schmitt, E., Gordon, M.R., Sengupta, S., 2016. U.S. Ties Russia to Strike on U.N. Convoy in Syria. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nitzan, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Nitzan, 2007; Page and Hough, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Page and Hough, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Flack et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleNRIAG Journal of Astronomy and Geophysics
ISSN (print)2090-9977
Astronomy and Astrophysics

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