How to format your references using the NRIAG Journal of Astronomy and Geophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for NRIAG Journal of Astronomy and Geophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Campbell, C.T., 2004. Physics. The active site in nanoparticle gold catalysis. Science 306, 234–235.
A journal article with 2 authors
Beagle, S.D., Lockless, S.W., 2015. Microbiology: Electrical signalling goes bacterial. Nature 527, 44–45.
A journal article with 3 authors
Meyron-Holtz, E.G., Ghosh, M.C., Rouault, T.A., 2004. Mammalian tissue oxygen levels modulate iron-regulatory protein activities in vivo. Science 306, 2087–2090.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Akashi, K., Traver, D., Miyamoto, T., Weissman, I.L., 2000. A clonogenic common myeloid progenitor that gives rise to all myeloid lineages. Nature 404, 193–197.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ahonen, T.T., Kasper, T., Melkko, S., 2005. 3G Marketing. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Król, D., Madeyski, L., Nguyen, N.T. (Eds.), 2016. Recent Developments in Intelligent Information and Database Systems, 1st ed. 2016. ed, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Pinsker, R., 2007. A Theoretical Framework for Examining the Corporate Adoption Decision Involving XBRL as a Continuous Disclosure Reporting Technology, in: Felden, C., Piechocki, M. (Eds.), New Dimensions of Business Reporting and XBRL. DUV, Wiesbaden, pp. 73–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for NRIAG Journal of Astronomy and Geophysics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2017. Boeing Has Unveiled Its Stylish New Spacesuit For Its Upcoming Space Missions [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1982. Validity and Comparability of Quantitative Data Presented by the President’s Council on Integrity and Efficiency on Inspectors General Activities (No. AFMD-82-78). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Emmerling-Baker, D., 2017. A Qualitative Interpretive Phenomenological Study of K5 Teacher Perceptions of Classroom Empathy Instruction (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Clarey, C., 2017. Controlling Her Emotions, and Now Elevating Her Game. New York Times B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Campbell, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Beagle and Lockless, 2015; Campbell, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Beagle and Lockless, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Akashi et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleNRIAG Journal of Astronomy and Geophysics
ISSN (print)2090-9977
Astronomy and Astrophysics

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