How to format your references using the NRIAG Journal of Astronomy and Geophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for NRIAG Journal of Astronomy and Geophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Quaglioni, S., 2015. Nuclear physics: Close encounters of the alpha kind. Nature 528, 42–43.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thursby, J.G., Thursby, M.C., 2003. Intellectual property. University licensing and the Bayh-Dole Act. Science 301, 1052.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huang, S., Pollack, H.N., Shen, P.Y., 2000. Temperature trends over the past five centuries reconstructed from borehole temperatures. Nature 403, 756–758.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Roe, H.G., Brown, M.E., Schaller, E.L., Bouchez, A.H., Trujillo, C.A., 2005. Geographic control of Titan’s mid-latitude clouds. Science 310, 477–479.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Arthur D. Little, Inc., 2010. Making EHS an Integral Part of Process Design. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kyriakides, E., Polycarpou, M. (Eds.), 2015. Intelligent Monitoring, Control, and Security of Critical Infrastructure Systems, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Blackwell, J., Martin, J., 2011. Linguistic Points, in: Martin, J. (Ed.), A Scientific Approach to Scientific Writing. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 63–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for NRIAG Journal of Astronomy and Geophysics.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. Do Elephants Call “Human”? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1976. Use of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s ATS-6 Communications Satellite To Broadcast Educational Television Programs in India (No. ID-76-75). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yang, S.J., 2014. Adapting Korean Cinderella Folklore as Fairy Tales for Children (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2016. Battered but Persevering, Mets Reach the Threshold of the Postseason. New York Times D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Quaglioni, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Quaglioni, 2015; Thursby and Thursby, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thursby and Thursby, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Roe et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleNRIAG Journal of Astronomy and Geophysics
ISSN (print)2090-9977
Astronomy and Astrophysics

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