How to format your references using the NRIAG Journal of Astronomy and Geophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for NRIAG Journal of Astronomy and Geophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Prusiner, S.B., 2002. Historical essay. Discovering the cause of AIDS. Science 298, 1726.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhou, H., Dick, H.J.B., 2013. Thin crust as evidence for depleted mantle supporting the Marion Rise. Nature 494, 195–200.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huxter, J., Burgess, N., O’Keefe, J., 2003. Independent rate and temporal coding in hippocampal pyramidal cells. Nature 425, 828–832.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Becker, C., Wyss, P., Eisenhauer, D., Probst, J., Preidel, V., Hammerschmidt, M., Burger, S., 2014. 5 × 5 cm2 silicon photonic crystal slabs on glass and plastic foil exhibiting broadband absorption and high-intensity near-fields. Sci. Rep. 4, 5886.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Buchenau, J., 2011. The Last Caudillo. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Fatemi, S.M. (Ed.), 2016. Critical Mindfulness: Exploring Langerian Models. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Prain, V., Tytler, R., 2013. Learning through the Affordances of Representation Construction, in: Tytler, R., Prain, V., Hubber, P., Waldrip, B. (Eds.), Constructing Representations to Learn in Science. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp. 67–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for NRIAG Journal of Astronomy and Geophysics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2016. These Are Actual Images Of Sunspots On A Star 181 Light-Years Away [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Tax Policy: Refund Offset Program Benefits Appear to Exceed Costs (No. GGD-91-64). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sumner, I., 2010. Quantum wavepacket ab initio molecular dynamics: Simulating quantum nuclear effects in complex systems (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, K., Hubbard, B., 2017. As Saudis Open Up, Investors Tiptoe In. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Prusiner, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Prusiner, 2002; Zhou and Dick, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhou and Dick, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Becker et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNRIAG Journal of Astronomy and Geophysics
ISSN (print)2090-9977
Astronomy and Astrophysics

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