How to format your references using the NRIAG Journal of Astronomy and Geophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for NRIAG Journal of Astronomy and Geophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rak, J., 2015. Cancer: Organ-seeking vesicles. Nature 527, 312–314.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bowler, C., Scanlan, D.J., 2014. Genetics. Being selective in the Prochlorococcus collective. Science 344, 366–367.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hare, T.A., Camerer, C.F., Rangel, A., 2009. Self-control in decision-making involves modulation of the vmPFC valuation system. Science 324, 646–648.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Todo, Y., Kitazato, H., Hashimoto, J., Gooday, A.J., 2005. Simple foraminifera flourish at the ocean’s deepest point. Science 307, 689.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sericola, B., 2013. Markov Chains. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
Rao, U.H., 2014. The InfoSec Handbook: An Introduction to Information Security. Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Metkar, S., Talbar, S., 2013. Conclusion and Research Direction, in: Talbar, S. (Ed.), Motion Estimation Techniques for Digital Video Coding, SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology. Springer India, New Delhi, pp. 61–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for NRIAG Journal of Astronomy and Geophysics.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2017. Youngest Class Members At Greatest Risk Of ADHD Over-Diagnosis [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. FAA Technical Center: Mission and Role in National Airspace System Plan Implementation (No. IMTEC-88-6BR). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Smith, G.S., 2008. The relationship between legislative implementations and educator readiness in inclusive educational environments (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vasquez, E., 2015. A Life Without Papers. New York Times A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rak, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Bowler and Scanlan, 2014; Rak, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bowler and Scanlan, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Todo et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleNRIAG Journal of Astronomy and Geophysics
ISSN (print)2090-9977
Astronomy and Astrophysics

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