How to format your references using the Intervirology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Intervirology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Carpenter BK. Chemistry. Taking the high road and getting there before you. Science. 2011 Jun;332(6035):1269–70.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Cepko C, Punzo C. Cell metabolism: Sugar for sight. Nature. 2015 Jun;522(7557):428–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Magavi SS, Leavitt BR, Macklis JD. Induction of neurogenesis in the neocortex of adult mice. Nature. 2000 Jun;405(6789):951–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Olson LE, Richtsmeier JT, Leszl J, Reeves RH. A chromosome 21 critical region does not cause specific Down syndrome phenotypes. Science. 2004 Oct;306(5696):687–90.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Franssen J-M, Vila Real P. Fire Design of Steel Structures. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2016.
An edited book
1
Corrigan ML, Escuro AA, Kirby DF, editors. Handbook of Clinical Nutrition and Stroke. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Mayor G, Recasens J. Finitely Valued Indistinguishability Operators. In: Hüllermeier E, Kruse R, Hoffmann F, editors. Computational Intelligence for Knowledge-Based Systems Design: 13th International Conference on Information Processing and Management of Uncertainty, IPMU 2010, Dortmund, Germany, June 28 - July 2, 2010. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010; pp 39–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Intervirology.

Blog post
1
O`Callaghan J. NASA Pretended Neptune Was An Exoplanet To Improve Our Chances Of Finding Life [Internet]. IFLScience. 2017 May [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/nasa-pretended-neptune-was-an-exoplanet-to-improve-our-chances-of-finding-life/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Job Training Partnership Act: Information on Set-Aside Funding for Assistance to Older Workers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Novak TS. Vital Signs of U.S. Osteopathic Medical Residency Programs Pivoting to Single Accreditation Standards. 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Kelly M. The First Couple: A Union of Mind and Ambition. New York Times. 1993 Jan;A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIntervirology
AbbreviationIntervirology
ISSN (print)0300-5526
ISSN (online)1423-0100
ScopeVirology
Infectious Diseases

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