How to format your references using the Intervirology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Intervirology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Service RF. Battle to become the next-generation x-ray source. Science. 2002 Nov;298(5597):1356–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Thompson H, Tucker AS. Dual origin of the epithelium of the mammalian middle ear. Science. 2013 Mar;339(6126):1453–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Ma H, Aihara K, Chen L. Detecting causality from nonlinear dynamics with short-term time series. Sci Rep. 2014 Dec;4:7464.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Gao C, Bourke E, Scobie M, Famme MA, Koolmeister T, Helleday T, et al. Rational design and validation of a Tip60 histone acetyltransferase inhibitor. Sci Rep. 2014 Jun;4:5372.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Wen S, Huang P. Principles of Tribology. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd.; 2017.
An edited book
1
Hutter K. Fluid and Thermodynamics: Volume 2: Advanced Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamic Fundamentals. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Şakul K. General Observations on the Ottoman Military Industry, 1774–1839: Problems of Organization and Standardization. In: Günergun F, Raina D, editors. Science between Europe and Asia: Historical Studies on the Transmission, Adoption and Adaptation of Knowledge. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011; pp 41–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Intervirology.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. Symbiosis Between Plants and Bacteria Begins In The Seed [Internet]. IFLScience. 2014 Sep [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/symbiosis-between-plants-and-bacteria-begins-seed/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Gray Market Vehicle Program: Extension Warranted, but Improvements in Vehicle Identification Are Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Bozorgchami B. Time and Bandwidth Efficiency in Transmission of Telemedicine and In-Hospital Patient Data. 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Walsh MW. California Town and Its Public Retirees Reel Under $1.6 Million Pension Bill. New York Times. 2016 Oct;A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIntervirology
AbbreviationIntervirology
ISSN (print)0300-5526
ISSN (online)1423-0100
ScopeVirology
Infectious Diseases

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