How to format your references using the North American Journal of Aquaculture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for North American Journal of Aquaculture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sharkey, N. 2008. Computer science. The ethical frontiers of robotics. Science (New York, N.Y.) 322(5909):1800–1801.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bayley, H., and P. S. Cremer. 2001. Stochastic sensors inspired by biology. Nature 413(6852):226–230.
A journal article with 3 authors
Okita, K., T. Ichisaka, and S. Yamanaka. 2007. Generation of germline-competent induced pluripotent stem cells. Nature 448(7151):313–317.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bechtluft, P., R. G. H. van Leeuwen, M. Tyreman, D. Tomkiewicz, N. Nouwen, H. L. Tepper, A. J. M. Driessen, and S. J. Tans. 2007. Direct observation of chaperone-induced changes in a protein folding pathway. Science (New York, N.Y.) 318(5855):1458–1461.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zlokarnik, M. 2006. Scale-Up in Chemical Engineering. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Vázquez, E., editor. 2013. Progress of Recycling in the Built Environment: Final report of the RILEM Technical Committee 217-PRE. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Joe, I., J. H. Yi, and K.-S. Sohn. 2011. A Content-Based Caching Algorithm for Streaming Media Cache Servers in CDN. Pages 28–36 in T.-H. Kim, H. Adeli, W. I. Grosky, N. Pissinou, T. K. Shih, E. J. Rothwell, B.-H. Kang, and S.-J. Shin, editors. Multimedia, Computer Graphics and Broadcasting: International Conference, MulGraB 2011, Held as Part of the Future Generation Information Technology Conference, FGIT 2011, in Conjunction with GDC 2011, Jeju Island, Korea, December 8-10, 2011. Proceedings, Part I. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for North American Journal of Aquaculture.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015, August 28. We Found Only One-Third Of Published Psychology Research Is Reliable – Now What? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. Defaulted Student Loans: Analysis of Defaulted Borrowers at Schools Accredited by Seven Agencies. U.S. Government Printing Office, HRD-90-178FS, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hume, D. M. 2010. The reader as collaborator in Coleridge’s fragments “The Rime of the Ancient Mariner”, “Christabel,” and “Kubla Khan”: Kindling “Native flames” rather than reflecting “Alien fires.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. 2017, May 11. Hounds of Love. New York Times:C9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sharkey 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Bayley and Cremer 2001; Sharkey 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bayley and Cremer 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Bechtluft et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleNorth American Journal of Aquaculture
AbbreviationN. Am. J. Aquac.
ISSN (print)1522-2055
ISSN (online)1548-8454
ScopeAquatic Science

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