How to format your references using the North American Journal of Aquaculture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for North American Journal of Aquaculture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bhatia, M. 2010. Developmental biology. Microenvironment mimicry. Science (New York, N.Y.) 329(5995):1024–1025.
A journal article with 2 authors
Taipale, J., and P. A. Beachy. 2001. The Hedgehog and Wnt signalling pathways in cancer. Nature 411(6835):349–354.
A journal article with 3 authors
Szemenyei, H., M. Hannon, and J. A. Long. 2008. TOPLESS mediates auxin-dependent transcriptional repression during Arabidopsis embryogenesis. Science (New York, N.Y.) 319(5868):1384–1386.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kim, B. J., H. Ohsumi, T. Komesu, S. Sakai, T. Morita, H. Takagi, and T. Arima. 2009. Phase-sensitive observation of a spin-orbital Mott state in Sr2IrO4. Science (New York, N.Y.) 323(5919):1329–1332.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sox, H. C., M. C. Higgins, and D. K. Owens. 2013. Medical Decision Making. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Huang, D.-S., Y. Gan, V. Bevilacqua, and J. C. Figueroa, editors. 2012. Advanced Intelligent Computing: 7th International Conference, ICIC 2011, Zhengzhou, China, August 11-14, 2011. Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Moll, C. K. E., S. Payer, A. Gulberti, A. Sharrott, S. Zittel, K. Boelmans, J. Köppen, C. Gerloff, M. Westphal, A. K. Engel, C. Oehlwein, C. Buhmann, and W. Hamel. 2013. STN Stimulation in General Anaesthesia: Evidence Beyond ‘Evidence-Based Medicine.’ Pages 19–25 in G. Nikkhah and M. Pinsker, editors. Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery. Springer, Vienna.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for North American Journal of Aquaculture.

Blog post
Hale, T. 2016, November 18. Find Out The Origins Of Your Family Name, Along With 45,600 Others. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. JFMIP News: A Newsletter for Government Financial Managers, Fall 1997, Vol. 9, No. 3. U.S. Government Printing Office, 159627, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Trump, R. K. 2010. Self -brand overlap and dissociation. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. 2016, August 31. Gifts From a Fan Give Cespedes a Lift. New York Times:B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bhatia 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Taipale and Beachy 2001; Bhatia 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Taipale and Beachy 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleNorth American Journal of Aquaculture
AbbreviationN. Am. J. Aquac.
ISSN (print)1522-2055
ISSN (online)1548-8454
ScopeAquatic Science

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