How to format your references using the North American Journal of Aquaculture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for North American Journal of Aquaculture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mooijaart, S. 2004. Scientists and societies. Young genomicists get connected. Nature 429(6988):226.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nowak, M. A., and K. Sigmund. 2004. Evolutionary dynamics of biological games. Science (New York, N.Y.) 303(5659):793–799.
A journal article with 3 authors
Smallman, H. S., D. I. MacLeod, and P. Doyle. 2001. Vision. Realignment of cones after cataract removal. Nature 412(6847):604–605.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wright, C. F., S. A. Teichmann, J. Clarke, and C. M. Dobson. 2005. The importance of sequence diversity in the aggregation and evolution of proteins. Nature 438(7069):878–881.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McCrary, S. A. 2009. Mastering Financial Accounting Essentials. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Cao, L., A. L. C. Bazzan, V. Gorodetsky, P. A. Mitkas, G. Weiss, and P. S. Yu, editors. 2010. Agents and Data Mining Interaction: 6th International Workshop on Agents and Data Mining Interaction, ADMI 2010, Toronto, ON, Canada, May 11, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Dünnweber, J., S. Gorlatch, M. Aldinucci, S. Campa, and M. Danelutto. 2007. Adaptable Parallel Components for Grid Programming. Pages 43–57 in S. Gorlatch and M. Danelutto, editors. Integrated Research in GRID Computing: CoreGRID Integration Workshop 2005 (Selected Papers) November 28–30, Pisa, Italy. Springer US, Boston, MA.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for North American Journal of Aquaculture.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014, July 30. Two More Mysterious Siberian Craters Discovered. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2006. Health Information Technology: HHS is Continuing Efforts to Define Its National Strategy. U.S. Government Printing Office, GAO-06-1071T, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Espinoza, M. 2010. A Latina’s educational attainment and her observations of foster youth’s educational struggles: A narrative. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. 2010, August 26. Campus Kickoffs: Don’t Think Too Hard. New York Times:B17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mooijaart 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Nowak and Sigmund 2004; Mooijaart 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nowak and Sigmund 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Wright et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleNorth American Journal of Aquaculture
AbbreviationN. Am. J. Aquac.
ISSN (print)1522-2055
ISSN (online)1548-8454
ScopeAquatic Science

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