How to format your references using the North American Journal of Aquaculture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for North American Journal of Aquaculture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alley, R. B. 2002. Climate change. On thickening ice? Science (New York, N.Y.) 295(5554):451–452.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thoroughman, K. A., and R. Shadmehr. 2000. Learning of action through adaptive combination of motor primitives. Nature 407(6805):742–747.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ross, R. J., M. M. Weiner, and H. Lin. 2014. PIWI proteins and PIWI-interacting RNAs in the soma. Nature 505(7483):353–359.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Smith, O., A. Clapham, P. Rose, Y. Liu, J. Wang, and R. G. Allaby. 2014. A complete ancient RNA genome: identification, reconstruction and evolutionary history of archaeological Barley Stripe Mosaic Virus. Scientific reports 4:4003.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ward, S. 2014. TraderMind. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Renaud, F. G., K. Sudmeier-Rieux, M. Estrella, and U. Nehren, editors. 2016. Ecosystem-Based Disaster Risk Reduction and Adaptation in Practice. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Baklanov, A., N. Bjergene, B. Fay, S. Finardi, A. Gross, M. Jantunen, J. Kukkonen, A. Rasmussen, A. Skouloudis, L. H. Slørdal, and R. S. Sokhi. 2006. Forecasting Urban Meteorology, Air Pollution and Population Exposure (European FUMAPEX Project). Pages 29–40 in C. Borrego and A.-L. Norman, editors. Air Pollution Modeling and Its Application XVII. Springer US, Boston, MA.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for North American Journal of Aquaculture.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014, November 10. Six Italian Scientists Acquitted of Manslaughter From 2009 Earthquake. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1985. Proprietary School Compliance With Requirements of the Pell Grant Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, 127542, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ringler, I. 2008. Values satisfaction and participation in a community leadership program: A case study. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter, J., and J. Ewing. 2016, December 8. E.U. Says It May Sue 4 Countries for Letting VW Sell Polluting Vehicles. New York Times:B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Alley 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Thoroughman and Shadmehr 2000; Alley 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thoroughman and Shadmehr 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Smith et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNorth American Journal of Aquaculture
AbbreviationN. Am. J. Aquac.
ISSN (print)1522-2055
ISSN (online)1548-8454
ScopeAquatic Science

Other styles