How to format your references using the North American Journal of Aquaculture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for North American Journal of Aquaculture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Balter, M. 2001. Archaeology. Did plaster hold Neolithic society together? Science (New York, N.Y.) 294(5550):2278–2281.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stitzel, M. L., and G. Seydoux. 2007. Regulation of the oocyte-to-zygote transition. Science (New York, N.Y.) 316(5823):407–408.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ahn, Y.-Y., J. P. Bagrow, and S. Lehmann. 2010. Link communities reveal multiscale complexity in networks. Nature 466(7307):761–764.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ortlepp, T., Ariando, O. Mielke, C. J. M. Verwijs, K. F. K. Foo, H. Rogalla, F. H. Uhlmann, and H. Hilgenkamp. 2006. Flip-flopping fractional flux quanta. Science (New York, N.Y.) 312(5779):1495–1497.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Caferro, W. 2010. Contesting the Renaissance. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Ayuso Muñoz, J. L., J. L. Yagüe Blanco, and S. F. Capuz-Rizo, editors. 2016. Project Management and Engineering Research, 2014: Selected Papers from the 18th International AEIPRO Congress held in Alcañiz, Spain, in 2014. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Lu, Z., Y. Qu, and S. Qiao. 2014. Reference Ellipsoid and the Geodetic Coordinate System. Pages 165–263 in Y. Qu and S. Qiao, editors. Geodesy: Introduction to Geodetic Datum and Geodetic Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for North American Journal of Aquaculture.

Blog post
Andrews, R. 2015, October 8. Crows Fear And Learn From Death. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1972. GAO Role in the Evaluation of Federally Funded Education Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, 094553, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ortiz-Quiusky, S. 2015. Substance abuse, smoking, and depression among military veterans. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yee, V., and E. Rosenberg. 2015, October 23. Fatal Brooklyn Apartment Fire Was Arson, Police Say. New York Times:A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Balter 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Balter 2001; Stitzel and Seydoux 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stitzel and Seydoux 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Ortlepp et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleNorth American Journal of Aquaculture
AbbreviationN. Am. J. Aquac.
ISSN (print)1522-2055
ISSN (online)1548-8454
ScopeAquatic Science

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