How to format your references using the Nonlinearity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nonlinearity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mooers A O 2014 Biodiversity: Supply and demand Nature 509 171–2
A journal article with 2 authors
Trujillo C A and Sheppard S S 2014 A Sedna-like body with a perihelion of 80 astronomical units Nature 507 471–4
A journal article with 3 authors
Stuphorn V, Taylor T L and Schall J D 2000 Performance monitoring by the supplementary eye field Nature 408 857–60
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Oláh S, Füle M, Komlósi G, Varga C, Báldi R, Barzó P and Tamás G 2009 Regulation of cortical microcircuits by unitary GABA-mediated volume transmission Nature 461 1278–81

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Karr R 2009 Lead, Sell, or Get Out of the Way (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Lavini C 2006 Chirurgia Toracica Videoassistita ed C Ruggiero and U Morandi (Milano: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Capello R, Fratesi U and Resmini L 2011 Spatial Patterns of Globalization Trends Globalization and Regional Growth in Europe: Past Trends and Future Scenarios Advances in Spatial Science ed U Fratesi and L Resmini (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 87–142

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nonlinearity.

Blog post
Luntz S 2015 Study Finds That The More Beautiful Your Home Is, The Less Likely You Are To Be Religious IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1998 Air Traffic Control: Surveillance Radar Request for the Cherry Capital Airport (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shen F-Y 2009 A pedagogical and analytic comparison of Auguste Franchomme’s twelve Caprices, op. 7 and Alfredo Piatti’s twelve Caprices, op. 25 Doctoral dissertation (Cincinnati, OH: University of Cincinnati)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) S K 2004 World Briefing | Europe: Russia: No Choosing Alphabets New York Times A6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNonlinearity
ISSN (print)0951-7715
ISSN (online)1361-6544
ScopeApplied Mathematics
Mathematical Physics
General Physics and Astronomy
Statistical and Nonlinear Physics

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