How to format your references using the Nonlinearity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nonlinearity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sheen J 2002 Phosphorelay and transcription control in cytokinin signal transduction Science 296 1650–2
A journal article with 2 authors
Becker A and Grünewald U 2003 Disaster management. Flood risk in Central Europe Science 300 1099
A journal article with 3 authors
Tomonaga M, Uwano Y and Saito T 2014 How dolphins see the world: a comparison with chimpanzees and humans Sci. Rep. 4 3717
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Schutzius T M, Graeber G, Elsharkawy M, Oreluk J and Megaridis C M 2014 Morphing and vectoring impacting droplets by means of wettability-engineered surfaces Sci. Rep. 4 7029

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Voigtman E 2017 Limits of Detection in Chemical Analysis (Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Smith M J and Salvendy G 2009 Human Interface and the Management of Information. Designing Information Environments: Symposium on Human Interface 2009, Held as Part of HCI International 2009, San Diego, CA, USA, July 19-24, 2009, Procceedings, Part I vol 5617 (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Witelski T and Bowen M 2015 Dimensional Scaling Analysis Methods of Mathematical Modelling: Continuous Systems and Differential Equations Springer Undergraduate Mathematics Series ed M Bowen (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 85–110

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nonlinearity.

Blog post
Andrews R 2016 Monkeys In Brazil Entered The Stone Age 700 Years Ago IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1996 Resources, Community, and Economic Development Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sener A C 2009 Uncertainty analysis of geothermal energy economics Doctoral dissertation (Washington, DC: George Washington University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Blinder A 2015 A Cheeseburger, a Suburban Traffic Stop and a Ticket for Eating While Driving New York Times A10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNonlinearity
ISSN (print)0951-7715
ISSN (online)1361-6544
ScopeApplied Mathematics
Mathematical Physics
General Physics and Astronomy
Statistical and Nonlinear Physics

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