How to format your references using the Nonlinearity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nonlinearity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cook R F 2010 Materials science. Probing the nanoscale Science 328 183–4
A journal article with 2 authors
Krishnan V and Nestler E J 2008 The molecular neurobiology of depression Nature 455 894–902
A journal article with 3 authors
Tritsch N X, Ding J B and Sabatini B L 2012 Dopaminergic neurons inhibit striatal output through non-canonical release of GABA Nature 490 262–6
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Long F, Zhu A, Shi H, Wang H and Liu J 2013 Rapid on-site/in-situ detection of heavy metal ions in environmental water using a structure-switching DNA optical biosensor Sci. Rep. 3 2308

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Turner J R and Durham T A 2008 Integrated Cardiac Safety: Assessment Methodologies for Noncardiac Drugs in Discovery, Development, and Postmarketing Surveillance (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Hendricks V F, Jørgensen K F, Lützen J and Pedersen S A 2006 Interactions: Mathematics, Physics and Philosophy, 1860–1930 vol 251 (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands)
A chapter in an edited book
AL-Hussaini E K and Ahsanullah M 2015 Family of Exponentiated Exponential Distribution Exponentiated Distributions Atlantis Studies in Probability and Statistics ed M Ahsanullah (Paris: Atlantis Press) pp 81–102

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nonlinearity.

Blog post
Andrews R 2016 Volcanoes Will One Day Be Born In New England IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1988 ADP Management: Status of the Army’s Logistics and Technical Information Initiatives (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Szurgyi A A 2012 Leadership competencies required of Army officers to counter the Improvised Explosive Device threat Doctoral dissertation (Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S 2005 It’s Like “Sex and the City,” Only the City Is Moscow New York Times E3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNonlinearity
ISSN (print)0951-7715
ISSN (online)1361-6544
ScopeApplied Mathematics
Mathematical Physics
General Physics and Astronomy
Statistical and Nonlinear Physics

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