How to format your references using the Nonlinearity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nonlinearity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yamamoto Y 2000 Semiconductor physics. Half-matter, half-light amplifier Nature 405 629–30
A journal article with 2 authors
Stott P A and Thorne P W 2010 How best to log local temperatures? Nature 465 158–9
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang Y, Forsyth D W and Savage B 2009 Convective upwelling in the mantle beneath the Gulf of California Nature 462 499–501
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Lai C W, Zoch J, Gossard A C and Chemla D S 2004 Phase diagram of degenerate exciton systems Science 303 503–6

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Belfiore L A 2010 Physical Properties of Macromolecules (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Atallah M J and Hopper N J 2010 Privacy Enhancing Technologies: 10th International Symposium, PETS 2010, Berlin, Germany, July 21-23, 2010. Proceedings vol 6205 (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Daun H 2006 Privatisation, Decentralisation and Governance in Education in the Czech Republic, England, France, Germany, and Sweden Decentralisation and Privatisation in Education: The Role of the State ed J Zajda (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands) pp 75–96

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nonlinearity.

Blog post
Andrew E 2015 The Real Cost Of NASA’s New Horizons Mission To Pluto IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1987 Bilingual Education: Research and Evaluation Contracts (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nistal França F J 2017 Nondestructive Evaluation of Southern Pine Lumber Doctoral dissertation (Mississippi State, MS: Mississippi State University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper H, Shear M D and Searcey D 2017 Travel Ban on Chad Could Harm American Interests, Officials Say New York Times A6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNonlinearity
ISSN (print)0951-7715
ISSN (online)1361-6544
ScopeApplied Mathematics
Mathematical Physics
General Physics and Astronomy
Statistical and Nonlinear Physics

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