How to format your references using the Nonlinearity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nonlinearity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Meyer A 2010 George C. Williams (1926-2010) Nature 467 790
A journal article with 2 authors
Kourtzi Z and Kanwisher N 2001 Representation of perceived object shape by the human lateral occipital complex Science 293 1506–9
A journal article with 3 authors
Ginsberg M R, Rubin R A and Natowicz M R 2013 Patterning of regional gene expression in autism: new complexity Sci. Rep. 3 1831
A journal article with 99 or more authors
El Albani A, Bengtson S, Canfield D E, Bekker A, Macchiarelli R, Mazurier A, Hammarlund E U, Boulvais P, Dupuy J-J, Fontaine C, Fürsich F T, Gauthier-Lafaye F, Janvier P, Javaux E, Ossa F O, Pierson-Wickmann A-C, Riboulleau A, Sardini P, Vachard D, Whitehouse M and Meunier A 2010 Large colonial organisms with coordinated growth in oxygenated environments 2.1 Gyr ago Nature 466 100–4

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Subramanian M N 2013 Plastics Additives and Testing (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Carachi R, Agarwala S, Bradnock T J, Lim Tan H and Cascio S 2013 Basic Techniques in Pediatric Surgery: An Operative Manual (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
De Mori R 2007 Recent Advances in Spoken Language Understanding Text, Speech and Dialogue: 10th International Conference, TSD 2007, Pilsen, Czech Republic, September 3-7, 2007. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science ed V Matoušek and P Mautner (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 14–14

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nonlinearity.

Blog post
Davis J 2015 Use Of “Last Resort” Antibiotics Has Significantly Increased In The U.K IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2010 Teen Driver Safety: Additional Research Could Help States Strengthen Graduated Driver Licensing Systems (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zohourian M 2015 Supply Chain Decision Making Under Demand Uncertainty and the Use of Control Systems: A Correlational Study Doctoral dissertation (Scottsdale, AZ: Northcentral University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwirtz M 2017 New York City Jails Take Another Blow: Respected Official Is Stepping Down New York Times A19

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNonlinearity
ISSN (print)0951-7715
ISSN (online)1361-6544
ScopeApplied Mathematics
Mathematical Physics
General Physics and Astronomy
Statistical and Nonlinear Physics

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