How to format your references using the Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics Discussions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics Discussions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoare, M. G.: Astronomy. How young stars grow and become focused, Science, 348(6230), 44–45, 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
Demaurex, N. and Poburko, D.: Cell biology. A revolving door for calcium, Science, 326(5949), 57–58, 2009.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vivier, E., Nunès, J. A. and Vély, F.: Natural killer cell signaling pathways, Science, 306(5701), 1517–1519, 2004.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Booth, J. A., Thomassen, G. O. S., Rowe, A. D., Weel-Sneve, R., Lagesen, K., Kristiansen, K. I., Bjørås, M., Rognes, T. and Lindvall, J. M.: Tiling array study of MNNG treated Escherichia coli reveals a widespread transcriptional response, Sci. Rep., 3, 3053, 2013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Masujima, M.: Applied Mathematical Methods in Theoretical Physics, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG., 2005.
An edited book
Purkayastha, B. B.: A Digital Phase Locked Loop based Signal and Symbol Recovery System for Wireless Channel, edited by K. K. Sarma, Springer India, New Delhi., 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Guo, C. C. and Moore, C. K.: Infection and Inflammatory Disorders, in The Urinary Tract: A Comprehensive Guide to Patient Diagnosis and Management, edited by D. E. Hansel, J. K. McKenney, A. J. Stephenson, and S. S. Chang, pp. 63–79, Springer, New York, NY., 2012.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics Discussions.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: What Is The Smallest Thing In The Universe?, IFLScience, 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Information Technology: Justice Plans to Improve Oversight of Agency Projects, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC., 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clater, M. J.: Interposed between God and man: Agency in the Requiems of Berlioz and Fauré, Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN., 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B.: Awaiting Execution, a Prophet Holds Forth, New York Times, 27th September, C5, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoare, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Demaurex and Poburko, 2009; Hoare, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Demaurex and Poburko, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Booth et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleNonlinear Processes in Geophysics Discussions
AbbreviationNonlin. Process. Geophys. Discuss.
ISSN (online)2198-5634

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