How to format your references using the Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics Discussions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics Discussions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Seife, C.: PHYSICS: Will NIF Live Up to Its Name?, Science, 289, 1128, 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chang, G. and Roth, C. B.: Structure of MsbA from E. coli: a homolog of the multidrug resistance ATP binding cassette (ABC) transporters, Science, 293, 1793–1800, 2001.
A journal article with 3 authors
Horváth, J., Szalai, I., and De Kepper, P.: An experimental design method leading to chemical Turing patterns, Science, 324, 772–775, 2009.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Urano, T., Saito, T., Tsukui, T., Fujita, M., Hosoi, T., Muramatsu, M., Ouchi, Y., and Inoue, S.: Efp targets 14-3-3 sigma for proteolysis and promotes breast tumour growth, Nature, 417, 871–875, 2002.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cooper, J. D.: Soil Water Measurement, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2016.
An edited book
Behrndt, J., Förster, K.-H., Langer, H., and Trunk, C. (Eds.): Spectral Theory in Inner Product Spaces and Applications: 6th Workshop on Operator Theory in Krein Spaces and Operator Polynomials, Berlin, December 2006, Birkhäuser, Basel, XX, 250 p pp., 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Tanaka, T.: A Genealogy of the Development of the Clinical Theory of Human Becoming, in: Education and the Kyoto School of Philosophy: Pedagogy for Human Transformation, edited by: Standish, P. and Saito, N., Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 55–63, 2012.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics Discussions.

Blog post
Smoking Pot Could Make You More Prone To False Memories:, last access: 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Aviation Safety: FAA’s New Inspection System Offers Promise, but Problems Need to Be Addressed, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Learn, D. T.: Differentiating instruction on the basis of cognitive tools: A case study of honors and mainstream middle school classes, Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter, J. and Kitsantonis, N.: Tough Act to Follow, New York Times, 20th March, B1, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Seife, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Seife, 2000; Chang and Roth, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chang and Roth, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Urano et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleNonlinear Processes in Geophysics Discussions
AbbreviationNonlin. Process. Geophys. Discuss.
ISSN (online)2198-5634

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