How to format your references using the Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics Discussions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics Discussions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rychert, C. A.: Earth science: The slippery base of a tectonic plate, Nature, 518(7537), 39–40, 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
Uversky, V. N. and Dunker, A. K.: Biochemistry. Controlled chaos, Science, 322(5906), 1340–1341, 2008.
A journal article with 3 authors
Robinson, J. W. A., Witt, J. D. S. and Blamire, M. G.: Controlled injection of spin-triplet supercurrents into a strong ferromagnet, Science, 329(5987), 59–61, 2010.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Tanaka, H., Okano, Y., Kobayashi, H., Suzuki, W. and Kobayashi, A.: A three-dimensional synthetic metallic crystal composed of single-component molecules, Science, 291(5502), 285–287, 2001.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chin, W.: Reservoir Engineering in Modern Oilfields, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ., 2016.
An edited book
Shiffman, M. A. and Di Giuseppe, A., Eds.: Liposuction: Principles and Practice, 2nd ed. 2016., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg., 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Fini, P. T. and Haskell, B. A.: Nonpolar and Semipolar GaN Growth by HVPE, in Technology of Gallium Nitride Crystal Growth, edited by D. Ehrentraut, E. Meissner, and M. Bockowski, pp. 97–117, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg., 2010.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics Discussions.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Paralyzed Woman Moves Thought Controlled Robotic Arm With Immense Precision, IFLScience [online] Available from: (Accessed 30 October 2018), 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: [Federal Policies and Practices for Acquiring Information Technology Can Be Improved], U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC., 1984.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Redcay, J. D.: Kindergarten students’ reading performance and perceptions of Ludus Reading: A mixed-method study, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ., 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Longman, J.: Reversal Of Course, Burst Of Emotions, New York Times, 3rd November, D1, 2012.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rychert, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Rychert, 2015; Uversky and Dunker, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Uversky and Dunker, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Tanaka et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleNonlinear Processes in Geophysics Discussions
AbbreviationNonlin. Process. Geophys. Discuss.
ISSN (online)2198-5634

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