How to format your references using the Nonlinear Biomedical Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nonlinear Biomedical Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Browne J. Birthdays to remember. Nature. 2008;456:324–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Shibasaki M, Masataka N. The color red distorts time perception for men, but not for women. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5899.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Scholey JM, Brust-Mascher I, Mogilner A. Cell division. Nature. 2003;422:746–52.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Wang Z, Klipfell E, Bennett BJ, Koeth R, Levison BS, Dugar B, et al. Gut flora metabolism of phosphatidylcholine promotes cardiovascular disease. Nature. 2011;472:57–63.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Pohl J. Building Science. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Holz FG, Spaide RF, editors. Medical Retina. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Liu Q, Duan X, Peng C. Laser Micro-/Nanofabrication and Applications Based on Multiphoton Process. In: Duan X, Peng C, editors. Novel Optical Technologies for Nanofabrication. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. p. 81–151.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nonlinear Biomedical Physics.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Awesome Video About Pluto Will Make You Cry. IFLScience. 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/exciting-teaser-trailer-celebrates-nasas-new-horizons-spacecraft-finally/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Higher Education: United States’ and Other Countries’ Strategies for Attracting and Funding International Students. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Joppy DA. Principal Socialization in One Virginia School District: A Phenomenological Investigation. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Brantley B. Hot for a Dairy Queen Sign. New York Times. 2017;:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNonlinear Biomedical Physics
ISSN (print)1753-4631
Scope

Other styles