How to format your references using the NJAS - Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for NJAS - Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Germain, R.N., 2001. The art of the probable: system control in the adaptive immune system. Science 293, 240–245.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thrall, P.H., Burdon, J.J., 2003. Evolution of virulence in a plant host-pathogen metapopulation. Science 299, 1735–1737.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dankert, A., Dulal, R.S., Dash, S.P., 2013. Efficient spin injection into silicon and the role of the Schottky barrier. Sci. Rep. 3, 3196.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chen, W., Li, J., Liu, C., Chen, X., Zhu, Y., Yang, Y., Gong, Y., Wang, T., Miao, X., Nie, X., 2014. A functional p53 responsive polymorphism in KITLG, rs4590952, does not affect the risk of breast cancer. Sci. Rep. 4, 6371.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Teague, K.A., Gallicchio, N., 2017. The Evolution of Meteorology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Corsi, C., Sizov, F. (Eds.), 2014. THz and Security Applications: Detectors, Sources and Associated Electronics for THz Applications, NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Maricau, E., Gielen, G., 2013. Background on IC Reliability Simulation, in: Gielen, G. (Ed.), Analog IC Reliability in Nanometer CMOS. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 79–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for NJAS - Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. The Science Of ‘Hangry’, Or Why Some People Get Grumpy When They’re Hungry [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. NSF Review: Review Process for the National Science Foundation’s Science and Engineering Pipeline Study (No. T-RCED-92-24). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Quiros, P.Q., 2014. SNR estimation and jamming detection techniques using wavelets (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2001. A New Battleground for an Old War: The Internet. New York Times 1410.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Germain, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Germain, 2001; Thrall and Burdon, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thrall and Burdon, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNJAS - Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences
AbbreviationNJAS Wageningen J. Life Sci.
ISSN (print)1573-5214
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Animal Science and Zoology
Food Science
Plant Science

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