How to format your references using the NJAS - Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for NJAS - Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lloyd, S., 2012. Physics. Quantum procrastination. Science 338, 621–622.
A journal article with 2 authors
Joyce, J.A., Fearon, D.T., 2015. T cell exclusion, immune privilege, and the tumor microenvironment. Science 348, 74–80.
A journal article with 3 authors
Van der Burg, E., Cass, J., Alais, D., 2014. Window of audio-visual simultaneity is unaffected by spatio-temporal visual clutter. Sci. Rep. 4, 5098.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liu, X., Shah, A., Gangwani, M.R., Silverstein, P.S., Fu, M., Kumar, A., 2014. HIV-1 Nef induces CCL5 production in astrocytes through p38-MAPK and PI3K/Akt pathway and utilizes NF-kB, CEBP and AP-1 transcription factors. Sci. Rep. 4, 4450.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Connor, D., 2009. God, Evil, and Design. Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Obaidat, M.S., Ören, T., Kacprzyk, J., Filipe, J. (Eds.), 2015. Simulation and Modeling Methodologies, Technologies and Applications: International Conference, SIMULTECH 2014 Vienna, Austria, August 28-30, 2014 Revised Selected Papers, 1st ed. 2015. ed, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Siclari, D., 2016. Anti-Money Laundering EU Law and Network of Agents, in: Siclari, D. (Ed.), The New Anti-Money Laundering Law: First Perspectives on the 4th European Union Directive. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 45–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for NJAS - Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Camera Develops Pictures With Algorithms, Not Lenses [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993. NASA Procurement: Planning for Pilot Test of New Procurement Procedures Is Adequate (No. NSIAD-94-67). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mann, H.M., 2009. Testing for differentially functioning indicators using mixtures of confirmatory factor analysis models (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2016. In Scandal at Puerto Rican Utility, a Key Player Insists He Took No Bribes. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lloyd, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Joyce and Fearon, 2015; Lloyd, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Joyce and Fearon, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNJAS - Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences
AbbreviationNJAS Wageningen J. Life Sci.
ISSN (print)1573-5214
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Animal Science and Zoology
Food Science
Plant Science

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