How to format your references using the NJAS - Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for NJAS - Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Guessoum, N., 2013. Astrophysics: Time for an Arab astronomy renaissance. Nature 498, 161–164.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sloan, P.A., Palmer, R.E., 2005. Two-electron dissociation of single molecules by atomic manipulation at room temperature. Nature 434, 367–371.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, W.K.W., Harrison, W.G., Head, E.J.H., 2006. Coherent sign switching in multiyear trends of microbial plankton. Science 311, 1157–1160.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mark, D.F., Parnell, J., Kelley, S.P., Lee, M., Sherlock, S.C., Carr, A., 2005. Dating of multistage fluid flow in sandstones. Science 309, 2048–2051.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Straus, S.E., Sackett, D.L., 2013. Mentorship in Academic Medicine. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
van Zyl, L.E., Stander, M.W., Odendaal, A. (Eds.), 2016. Coaching Psychology: Meta-theoretical perspectives and applications in multicultural contexts. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Beeldens, A., Cassar, L., Murata, Y., 2011. Applications of TiO2 Photocatalysis for Air Purification, in: Ohama, Y., Van Gemert, D. (Eds.), Applications of Titanium Dioxide Photocatalysis to Construction Materials: State-of-the-Art Report of the RILEM Technical Committee 194-TDP. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 23–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for NJAS - Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. What Is Spice And Why Is The Drug So Dangerous? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1986. A Profile of Selected Firms Awarded Small Business Innovation Research Funds (No. RCED-86-113FS). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fahmy, C., 2012. Intoxicated by music: A content analysis of the prevalence of alcohol, illicit substances, and tobacco in popular music from 2000 to 2011 (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S., 2000. Bryan Twins End Run of Opening-Round Losses. New York Times D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Guessoum, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Guessoum, 2013; Sloan and Palmer, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sloan and Palmer, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Mark et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleNJAS - Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences
AbbreviationNJAS Wageningen J. Life Sci.
ISSN (print)1573-5214
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Animal Science and Zoology
Food Science
Plant Science

Other styles