How to format your references using the NJAS - Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for NJAS - Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tesche, C., 2000. QUANTUM MECHANICS: Enhanced: Schrodinger’s Cat Is Out of the Hat. Science 290, 720–721.
A journal article with 2 authors
Goldsby, D.L., Tullis, T.E., 2011. Flash heating leads to low frictional strength of crustal rocks at earthquake slip rates. Science 334, 216–218.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fehr, E., Bernhard, H., Rockenbach, B., 2008. Egalitarianism in young children. Nature 454, 1079–1083.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Focia, P.J., Shepotinovskaya, I.V., Seidler, J.A., Freymann, D.M., 2004. Heterodimeric GTPase core of the SRP targeting complex. Science 303, 373–377.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sewell, G., 2005. Computational Methods of Linear Algebra. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Amara, A., Ea, T., Belleville, M. (Eds.), 2010. Emerging Technologies and Circuits, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Amico, K.R., 2014. Adherence to HIV Treatment as Prevention and Preexposure Prophylaxis, in: Eaton, L.A., Kalichman, S.C. (Eds.), Biomedical Advances in HIV Prevention: Social and Behavioral Perspectives. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 69–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for NJAS - Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Physicists Directly Detect Neutrinos From Sun’s Core [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. Polar-Orbiting Environmental Satellites: With Costs Increasing and Data Continuity at Risk, Improvements Needed in Tri-agency Decision Making (No. GAO-09-564). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
White, B.D., 2015. Implementation of Positive Behavior Intervention and Support at the High School Level (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Maidenberg, M., Rappeport, A., Gladstone, R., 2017. Gulf Airline Seeks Stake, Unsolicited, In American. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tesche, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Goldsby and Tullis, 2011; Tesche, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Goldsby and Tullis, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Focia et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleNJAS - Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences
AbbreviationNJAS Wageningen J. Life Sci.
ISSN (print)1573-5214
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Animal Science and Zoology
Food Science
Plant Science

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