How to format your references using the NJAS - Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for NJAS - Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yuan, J., 2014. Applied physics: Bright electron twisters. Nature 509, 37–38.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mendelsohn, M.E., Karas, R.H., 2005. Molecular and cellular basis of cardiovascular gender differences. Science 308, 1583–1587.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim, A.M., Tingen, C.M., Woodruff, T.K., 2010. Sex bias in trials and treatment must end. Nature 465, 688–689.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rasmann, S., Köllner, T.G., Degenhardt, J., Hiltpold, I., Toepfer, S., Kuhlmann, U., Gershenzon, J., Turlings, T.C.J., 2005. Recruitment of entomopathogenic nematodes by insect-damaged maize roots. Nature 434, 732–737.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gardi, F., Benoist, T., Darlay, J., Estellon, B., Megel, R., 2014. Mathematical Programming Solver Based on Local Search. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Gaimster, D., Majewski, T. (Eds.), 2009. International Handbook of Historical Archaeology. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Kim, J., Tsudik, G., 2009. Survival in the Wild: Robust Group Key Agreement in Wide-Area Networks, in: Lee, P.J., Cheon, J.H. (Eds.), Information Security and Cryptology – ICISC 2008: 11th International Conference, Seoul, Korea, December 3-5, 2008, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 66–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for NJAS - Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2016. Researchers Have Sequenced Giraffe and Okapi Genomes For The First Time [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2011. Information Security: State Has Taken Steps to Implement a Continuous Monitoring Application, but Key Challenges Remain (No. GAO-11-149). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cleveland, J.D., 2014. A comparative study of genetic diversities among exploited flatfishes of the California Slope with emphasis on Dover sole (Microstomus pacificus) (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kolomatsky, M., 2017. How Much Space for the Money? New York Times RE2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Yuan, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Mendelsohn and Karas, 2005; Yuan, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mendelsohn and Karas, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Rasmann et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleNJAS - Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences
AbbreviationNJAS Wageningen J. Life Sci.
ISSN (print)1573-5214
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Animal Science and Zoology
Food Science
Plant Science

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