How to format your references using the New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Keszthelyi, L. P. (2011). Planetary science: Europa awakening. Nature, 479(7374), 485.
A journal article with 2 authors
Christensen, C. H., & Nørskov, J. K. (2010). Chemistry. Green gold catalysis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5963), 278–279.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hibbins, A. P., Evans, B. R., & Sambles, J. R. (2005). Experimental verification of designer surface plasmons. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5722), 670–672.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Raby, C. R., Alexis, D. M., Dickinson, A., & Clayton, N. S. (2007). Planning for the future by western scrub-jays. Nature, 445(7130), 919–921.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dooner, D. B. (2012). Kinematic Geometry of Gearing. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Chung, K. C. (Ed.). (2016). Clinical Management of the Rheumatoid Hand, Wrist, and Elbow (1st ed. 2016.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Antonuccio, D. O., & Hayes, A. (2008). Learning Principles of Human Behavior. In A. Guerrero & M. Piasecki (Eds.), Problem-Based Behavioral Science and Psychiatry (pp. 49–65). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, April 30). Why Are Some People Left-Handed? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). Federal Student Loans: Patterns in Tuition, Enrollment, and Federal Stafford Loan Borrowing Up to the 2007-08 Loan Limit Increase (No. GAO-11-470R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ehsani, S. (2014). Design of a Teleoperation – Based Robotic Surgical System (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2011, August 21). Getting Ribs Right, Slowly. New York Times, p. NJ6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Keszthelyi 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Christensen and Nørskov 2010; Keszthelyi 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Christensen and Nørskov 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Raby et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Zealand Journal of Forestry Science
AbbreviationN. Z. J. For. Sci.
ISSN (online)1179-5395

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