How to format your references using the New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Petrini, J. H. J. (2007). Cell signaling. A touching response to damage. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5828), 1138–1139.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rieder, C. L., & Khodjakov, A. (2003). Mitosis through the microscope: advances in seeing inside live dividing cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5616), 91–96.
A journal article with 3 authors
Makovicky, P. J., Apesteguía, S., & Agnolín, F. L. (2005). The earliest dromaeosaurid theropod from South America. Nature, 437(7061), 1007–1011.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kesavan, L., Tiruvalam, R., Ab Rahim, M. H., bin Saiman, M. I., Enache, D. I., Jenkins, R. L., et al. (2011). Solvent-free oxidation of primary carbon-hydrogen bonds in toluene using Au-Pd alloy nanoparticles. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6014), 195–199.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goshtasby, A. A. (2017). Theory and Applications of Image Registration. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mendonça, J. T. (2013). Physics of Ultra-Cold Matter: Atomic Clouds, Bose-Einstein Condensates and Rydberg Plasmas. (H. Terças, Ed.) (Vol. 70). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lonquety, M., Lacroix, Z., & Chomilier, J. (2008). Evaluation of the Stability of Folding Nucleus upon Mutation. In M. Chetty, A. Ngom, & S. Ahmad (Eds.), Pattern Recognition in Bioinformatics: Third IAPR International Conference, PRIB 2008, Melbourne, Australia, October 15-17, 2008. Proceedings (pp. 54–65). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2017, March 16). Did A Mysterious Asteroid Impact Wipe Out Prehistoric Native Americans? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). Department of Education: Guaranteed Student Loan Program Vulnerabilities (No. GAO-03-268R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mersch, C. (2012). Campus-based drunk-driving intervention program: A grant proposal project (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Longman, J., & Pilon, M. (2012, March 21). Saudi Arabia May Send Women to Olympics. New York Times, p. B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Petrini 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Petrini 2007; Rieder and Khodjakov 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rieder and Khodjakov 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Kesavan et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Zealand Journal of Forestry Science
AbbreviationN. Z. J. For. Sci.
ISSN (online)1179-5395

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