How to format your references using the New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wadman, M. (2005). Race is on for flu vaccine. Nature, 438(7064), 23.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dauphas, N., & Pourmand, A. (2011). Hf-W-Th evidence for rapid growth of Mars and its status as a planetary embryo. Nature, 473(7348), 489–492.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nawae, W., Hannongbua, S., & Ruengjitchatchawalya, M. (2014). Defining the membrane disruption mechanism of kalata B1 via coarse-grained molecular dynamics simulations. Scientific reports, 4, 3933.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Moreno-Herrero, F., de Jager, M., Dekker, N. H., Kanaar, R., Wyman, C., & Dekker, C. (2005). Mesoscale conformational changes in the DNA-repair complex Rad50/Mre11/Nbs1 upon binding DNA. Nature, 437(7057), 440–443.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Häussler-Combe, U. (2014). Computational Methods for Reinforced Concrete Structures. D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Ratchev, S. (Ed.). (2006). Precision Assembly Technologies for Mini and Micro Products: Proceedings of the IFIP TC5 WG5.5 Third International Precision Assembly Seminar (IPAS ’2006), 19–21 February 2006, Bad Hofgastein, Austria (Vol. 198). Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Hirsch, R., & Hodkinson, I. (2013). Completions and Complete Representations. In H. Andréka, M. Ferenczi, & I. Németi (Eds.), Cylindric-like Algebras and Algebraic Logic (pp. 61–89). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, December 2). 10 Things You Didn’t Know About Vaginas. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). National Aero-Space Plane: Key Issues Facing the Program (No. T-NSIAD-92-26). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hoch, V. A. (2014). The Effects of Systematic Reinforcement on Academic Performance in Precision Teaching: An Investigation of Acquisition, Retention, and Endurance (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Dargis, M. (2017, October 16). Amy Adams. New York Times, p. M2169.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wadman 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Dauphas and Pourmand 2011; Wadman 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dauphas and Pourmand 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Moreno-Herrero et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Zealand Journal of Forestry Science
AbbreviationN. Z. J. For. Sci.
ISSN (online)1179-5395

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