How to format your references using the New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Piperno, D. R. (2001). Archaeology. On maize and the sunflower. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5525), 2260–2261.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ohmura, A., & Wild, M. (2002). Climate change. Is the hydrological cycle accelerating? Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5597), 1345–1346.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sun, L., Song, K., & Hase, W. L. (2002). A SN2 reaction that avoids its deep potential energy minimum. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5569), 875–878.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bao, H., Sun, T., Kohl, I., & Peng, Y. (2008). Comment on “Early Archaean microorganisms preferred elemental sulfur, not sulfate.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5868), 1336; author reply 1336.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Razik, H. (2013). Handbook of Asynchronous Machine with Variable Speed. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Liu, Y., Jiang, T., & Zhang, C. (Eds.). (2005). Computer Vision for Biomedical Image Applications: First International Workshop, CVBIA 2005, Beijing, China, October 21, 2005. Proceedings (Vol. 3765). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Gérard, M., & Josset, P. (2011). Histology and Physiology of the Cornea. In F. Burgher, J. Blomet, L. Bodson, M. Gerard, A. Hall, P. Josset, et al. (Eds.), Chemical Ocular Burns: New Understanding and Treatments (pp. 49–57). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, May 29). No, Johns Hopkins Did Not Release An “Update” Revealing The “Truth” About Cancer. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). Information Technology: Leveraging Best Practices to Help Ensure Successful Major Acquisitions (No. GAO-14-183T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rahmani, M. (2017). On the calculation of time-domain impulse-response of systems from band-limited scattering-parameters using wavelet transform (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2008, February 15). Bush Appeals to Justices on Detainees Case. New York Times, p. A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Piperno 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Ohmura and Wild 2002; Piperno 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ohmura and Wild 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Bao et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Zealand Journal of Forestry Science
AbbreviationN. Z. J. For. Sci.
ISSN (online)1179-5395

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