How to format your references using the New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldston, D. (2007). Washington, we have a problem. Nature, 446(7133), 244.
A journal article with 2 authors
Poage, M. A., & Chamberlain, C. P. (2006). Geochemistry. Rising mountain ranges. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5760), 478–479.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, L.-Y., Redon, S., & Lingner, J. (2012). The human CST complex is a terminator of telomerase activity. Nature, 488(7412), 540–544.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Moraes, C. B., Giardini, M. A., Kim, H., Franco, C. H., Araujo-Junior, A. M., Schenkman, S., et al. (2014). Nitroheterocyclic compounds are more efficacious than CYP51 inhibitors against Trypanosoma cruzi: implications for Chagas disease drug discovery and development. Scientific reports, 4, 4703.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stokes, D. J. (2008). Principles and Practice of Variable Pressure/Environmental Scanning Electron Microscopy (VP-ESEM). Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Tan, A.-L., Poon, C.-L., & Lim, S. S. L. (Eds.). (2014). Inquiry into the Singapore Science Classroom: Research and Practices. Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Pearce, C., & Artemesia. (2010). The Diasporic Game Community: Trans-Ludic Cultures and Latitudinal Research Across Multiple Games and Virtual Worlds. In W. S. Bainbridge (Ed.), Online Worlds: Convergence of the Real and the Virtual (pp. 43–56). London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, June 16). Why Did Dinosaurs Avoid The Tropics For So Long? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Airport Privatization: Issues Related to the Sale of U.S. Commercial Airports (No. T-RCED-96-82). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chapman, T. W. (2017). Evaluating the δ13C Value of n-Alkanes as a Recorder of Atmospheric Chemistry (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010, January 31). Long-Suffering Saints Fans Could Use Some Good Times. New York Times, p. SP2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goldston 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Goldston 2007; Poage and Chamberlain 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Poage and Chamberlain 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Moraes et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Zealand Journal of Forestry Science
AbbreviationN. Z. J. For. Sci.
ISSN (online)1179-5395

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