How to format your references using the New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cochrane, M. A. (2003). Fire science for rainforests. Nature, 421(6926), 913–919.
A journal article with 2 authors
Beasley, A. J., & Schreier, E. J. (2012). Astronomy: The United States must rejoin the SKA. Nature, 489(7416), 363.
A journal article with 3 authors
Behringer, D. C., Butler, M. J., & Shields, J. D. (2006). Ecology: avoidance of disease by social lobsters. Nature, 441(7092), 421.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Philippa, B., Stolterfoht, M., Burn, P. L., Juška, G., Meredith, P., White, R. D., & Pivrikas, A. (2014). The impact of hot charge carrier mobility on photocurrent losses in polymer-based solar cells. Scientific reports, 4, 5695.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yavaş, M. (2011). Applied English Phonology. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Krause, J. (2010). SharePoint 2010 as a Development Platform. (C. Langhirt, A. Sterff, B. Pehlke, & M. Döring, Eds.). Berkeley, CA: Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Zanuttigh, P., Marin, G., Dal Mutto, C., Dominio, F., Minto, L., & Cortelazzo, G. M. (2016). Calibration. In G. Marin, C. Dal Mutto, F. Dominio, L. Minto, & G. M. Cortelazzo (Eds.), Time-of-Flight and Structured Light Depth Cameras: Technology and Applications (pp. 117–159). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 16). What Might Pluto Sound Like? Our Musical Love Affair With The Cosmos. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Space Station: Resolving Conflict Over Integration Contractor’s Role (No. NSIAD-92-291BR). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Caldretti, M. (2017). Vocal Pedagogy and the Adolescent Female Singing Voice (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2013, February 28). Dog’s Death After Westminster Has Handler Suspecting It Wasn’t an Accident. New York Times, p. B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cochrane 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Beasley and Schreier 2012; Cochrane 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Beasley and Schreier 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Philippa et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Zealand Journal of Forestry Science
AbbreviationN. Z. J. For. Sci.
ISSN (online)1179-5395

Other styles