How to format your references using the Advances in Life Course Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Life Course Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grayson, M. (2012). Psoriasis. Nature, 492(7429), S49.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fujiwara, M., & Caswell, H. (2001). Demography of the endangered North Atlantic right whale. Nature, 414(6863), 537–541.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kasen, D., Röpke, F. K., & Woosley, S. E. (2009). The diversity of type Ia supernovae from broken symmetries. Nature, 460(7257), 869–872.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Parks, S. E., Cusano, D. A., Stimpert, A. K., Weinrich, M. T., Friedlaender, A. S., & Wiley, D. N. (2014). Evidence for acoustic communication among bottom foraging humpback whales. Scientific Reports, 4, 7508.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Askoolum, A. (2007). System Building with APL + Win. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Pieth, M., & Ivory, R. (Eds.). (2011). Corporate Criminal Liability: Emergence, Convergence, and Risk (Vol. 9). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Köhn, H. (2016). Jewish Life in Camps after 1945. Displaced Persons Camps in the US Zone of Germany. In A. Hoppe (Ed.), Catastrophes: Views from Natural and Human Sciences (pp. 63–80). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Life Course Research.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, January 16). Doctors Find 150 Worms Living Inside A Woman’s Stomach. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Information Technology: Implementing Best Practices and Reform Initiatives Can Help Improve the Management of Investments (GAO-14-596T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sugawara, Y. (2013). When the Spaniels conquered Central America: Academic English and first year composition instruction [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2008, July 2). In Court Ruling On Executions, A Factual Flaw. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grayson, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Fujiwara & Caswell, 2001; Grayson, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fujiwara & Caswell, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Kasen et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Parks et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Life Course Research
AbbreviationAdv. Life Course Res.
ISSN (print)1040-2608
ScopeLife-span and Life-course Studies

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