How to format your references using the New Horizons in Translational Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Horizons in Translational Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
I.I. Mazin, Superconductivity: Extraordinarily conventional, Nature. 525 (2015) 40–41.
A journal article with 2 authors
I. Bozic, M.A. Nowak, Cancer. Unwanted evolution, Science. 342 (2013) 938–939.
A journal article with 3 authors
S.R. Pryke, L.A. Rollins, S.C. Griffith, Females use multiple mating and genetically loaded sperm competition to target compatible genes, Science. 329 (2010) 964–967.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S.H. Lee, J. Choi, H.-D. Kim, H. Choi, B. Min, Ultrafast refractive index control of a terahertz graphene metamaterial, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2135.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R.G. Pai MD FACC FRCP Edin, P. Varadarajan MD FACC, Echocardiography Board Review, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2014.
An edited book
U.J. Frey, C. Störmer, K.P. Willführ, eds., Homo Novus – A Human Without Illusions, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
G. Karsai, J. Sztipanovits, Model-Integrated Development of Cyber-Physical Systems, in: U. Brinkschulte, T. Givargis, S. Russo (Eds.), Software Technologies for Embedded and Ubiquitous Systems: 6th IFIP WG 10.2 International Workshop, SEUS 2008, Anacarpi, Capri Island, Italy, October 1-3, 2008 Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008: pp. 46–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Horizons in Translational Medicine.

Blog post
T. Hale, Icelandic Police Think Drivers Are Drunk, But They’re Just Distracted By Northern Lights, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Global Positioning System Augmentations, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
N.J. McKenzie, African/Black psychology: A qualitative investigation of distinguished Black psychologists, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Kishkovsky, The Tortured Voice of Russia’s Lost Generation, New York Times. (2007) A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Horizons in Translational Medicine
AbbreviationNew Horiz. Transl. Med.
ISSN (print)2307-5023
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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