How to format your references using the New Horizons in Translational Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Horizons in Translational Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
K.J. Friston, Modalities, modes, and models in functional neuroimaging, Science. 326 (2009) 399–403.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.C. Rivera, J.A. Lake, The ring of life provides evidence for a genome fusion origin of eukaryotes, Nature. 431 (2004) 152–155.
A journal article with 3 authors
L. Jakobsen, J.M. Ratcliffe, A. Surlykke, Convergent acoustic field of view in echolocating bats, Nature. 493 (2013) 93–96.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
K. Nimura, K. Ura, H. Shiratori, M. Ikawa, M. Okabe, R.J. Schwartz, Y. Kaneda, A histone H3 lysine 36 trimethyltransferase links Nkx2-5 to Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome, Nature. 460 (2009) 287–291.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
N. Blackwood, Advanced Excel Reporting for Management Accountants, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2014.
An edited book
J. Wan, I. Humar, D. Zhang, eds., Industrial IoT Technologies and Applications: International Conference, Industrial IoT 2016, GuangZhou, China, March 25-26, 2016, Revised Selected Papers, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
E. Garnier, N. Adams, P. Sagaut, Functional Modeling, in: N. Adams, P. Sagaut (Eds.), Large Eddy Simulation for Compressible Flows, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2009: pp. 77–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Horizons in Translational Medicine.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Scientists Translate Penguin Calls, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Airport Infrastructure: Unresolved Issues Make It Difficult to Determine the Cost to Serve New Large Aircraft, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D.L. Schellenberg, Divorced women, poverty, and the Social Security Act: A policy analysis, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
L. Greenhouse, Justices, 5 to 4, Overturn 3 Texas Death Sentences, New York Times. (2007) A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Horizons in Translational Medicine
AbbreviationNew Horiz. Transl. Med.
ISSN (print)2307-5023
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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