How to format your references using the New Horizons in Translational Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Horizons in Translational Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
N.J. Risch, Searching for genetic determinants in the new millennium, Nature. 405 (2000) 847–856.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Yaghoubi, P. Mélinon, Tunable synthesis and in situ growth of silicon-carbon mesostructures using impermeable plasma, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1083.
A journal article with 3 authors
P. Norouzzadeh, C.W. Myles, D. Vashaee, Prediction of giant thermoelectric power factor in type-VIII clathrate Si46, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 7028.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D. Meyers, S. Mukherjee, J.-G. Cheng, S. Middey, J.-S. Zhou, J.B. Goodenough, B.A. Gray, J.W. Freeland, T. Saha-Dasgupta, J. Chakhalian, Zhang-Rice physics and anomalous copper states in A-site ordered perovskites, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1834.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R.A. Hites, J.D. Raff, Elements of Environmental Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
I. Matthäus-Maier, J.D. von Pischke, eds., Microfinance Investment Funds: Leveraging Private Capital for Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Chimiak-Opoka, Measuring UML Models Using Metrics Defined in OCL within the SQUAM Framework, in: J. Whittle, T. Clark, T. Kühne (Eds.), Model Driven Engineering Languages and Systems: 14th International Conference, MODELS 2011, Wellington, New Zealand, October 16-21, 2011. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011: pp. 47–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Horizons in Translational Medicine.

Blog post
T. Hale, Norway May Sell Only Electric Cars By 2025, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Nextgen Air Transportation System: Mechanisms for Collaboration and Technology Transfer Could Be Enhanced to More Fully Leverage Partner Agency and Industry Resources, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
L. Wager, Racial differences in the relationship between child externalizing and corporal punishment: The role of other discipline strategies, Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Saslow, Suffolk County College Is Raising Tuition, New York Times. (2009) LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Horizons in Translational Medicine
AbbreviationNew Horiz. Transl. Med.
ISSN (print)2307-5023
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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