How to format your references using the New Horizons in Translational Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Horizons in Translational Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C. Lupp, Microbial oceanography, Nature. 459 (2009) 179.
A journal article with 2 authors
E. Meyer, T. Glatzel, Applied physics. Novel probes for molecular electronics, Science. 324 (2009) 1397–1398.
A journal article with 3 authors
A.H. Heuer, C.L. Jia, K.P.D. Lagerlöf, The core structure of basal dislocations in deformed sapphire (alpha-Al₂O₃), Science. 330 (2010) 1227–1231.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
U. Yermiyahu, A. Tal, A. Ben-Gal, A. Bar-Tal, J. Tarchitzky, O. Lahav, Environmental science. Rethinking desalinated water quality and agriculture, Science. 318 (2007) 920–921.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. Halstead, Two Oxen Ahead, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, UK, 2014.
An edited book
D.M. Whitacre, ed., Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, Volume 227, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
A.B. Brillantes Jr., J.O.T. Sonco II, Harmonizing Objectives and Outcomes at the National and Sub-National Levels Through Citizen Engagement and Capacity Building (With Special References to the Philippines), in: J. Martinez-Vazquez, B. Searle (Eds.), Fiscal Equalization: Challenges in the Design of Intergovernmental Transfers, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2007: pp. 95–128.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Horizons in Translational Medicine.

Blog post
J. O`Callaghan, NASA Still Plans To Practice Saving Earth From An Asteroid, Even Without ESA’s Help, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Child Care and Early Childhood Education: More Information Sharing and Program Review by HHS Could Enhance Access for Families with Limited English Proficiency (Spanish Version), U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Azios, The College Experience of Stuttering: An Ethnographic Study, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
P. Baker, M.D. Shear, President Shifts Rationale For Firing F.B.I. Director, Calling Him a ‘Showboat,’ New York Times. (2017) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,1].
This sentence cites four references [1,1,1,1].

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Horizons in Translational Medicine
AbbreviationNew Horiz. Transl. Med.
ISSN (print)2307-5023
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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