How to format your references using the New BIOTECHNOLOGY citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New BIOTECHNOLOGY. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Perez DR. Public health and biosecurity. H5N1 debates: hung up on the wrong questions. Science 2012;335:799–801.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Raviv U, Klein J. Fluidity of bound hydration layers. Science 2002;297:1540–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Green ED, Guyer MS, National Human Genome Research Institute. Charting a course for genomic medicine from base pairs to bedside. Nature 2011;470:204–13.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Kawakami RK, Kato Y, Hanson M, Malajovich I, Stephens JM, Johnston-Halperin E, et al. Ferromagnetic imprinting of nuclear spins in semiconductors. Science 2001;294:131–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Sandou G. Metaheuristic Optimization for the Design of Automatic Control Laws. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Papathanassis A, Breitner MH, Schoen C, Guhr N, editors. Cruise Management: Information and Decision Support Systems. Wiesbaden: Gabler Verlag; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Zhou Y, Singh K, Jiang X. Owner-Centric Protection of Unstructured Data on Smartphones. In: Holz T, Ioannidis S, editors. Trust and Trustworthy Computing: 7th International Conference, TRUST 2014, Heraklion, Crete, June 30 – July 2, 2014. Proceedings, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014, p. 55–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New BIOTECHNOLOGY.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Scientists Engineer First Bone Marrow-On-A-Chip. IFLScience 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. High Definition Television: The Effects of Standards on U.S. Entertainment Industries. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Kay VL. A single mother and child welfare: A personal narrative. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Barnard A, Gordon MR. Aid Convoy Is Hit in Syria as Cease-Fire Falters and Bombings Resume. New York Times 2016:A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNew BIOTECHNOLOGY
AbbreviationN. Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)1871-6784
ScopeBiotechnology
Molecular Biology
Bioengineering
General Medicine

Other styles