How to format your references using the New BIOTECHNOLOGY citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New BIOTECHNOLOGY. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vohs KD. Psychology. The poor’s poor mental power. Science 2013;341:969–70.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jutzi M, Asphaug E. COMETARY NUCLEI. The shape and structure of cometary nuclei as a result of low-velocity accretion. Science 2015;348:1355–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Froemke RC, Poo M-M, Dan Y. Spike-timing-dependent synaptic plasticity depends on dendritic location. Nature 2005;434:221–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Donati J-F, Paletou F, Bouvier J, Ferreira J. Direct detection of a magnetic field in the innermost regions of an accretion disk. Nature 2005;438:466–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pan GW. Wavelets in Electromagnetics and Device Modeling. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2003.
An edited book
Zhang T-C, Ouyang P, Kaplan S, Skarnes B, editors. Proceedings of the 2012 International Conference on Applied Biotechnology (ICAB 2012): Volume 3. vol. 251. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen W, Fu Z-J, Chen CS. Boundary-Type RBF Collocation Methods. In: Fu Z-J, Chen CS, editors. Recent Advances in Radial Basis Function Collocation Methods, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014, p. 51–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New BIOTECHNOLOGY.

Blog post
Hale T. Watch A Guy Deliberately Get Stung By The “Cow Killer” Ant In The Name Of Science. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Comparison of States’ Highway Construction Costs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hilmey DG. Synthesis and Study of Heteroatomic Spirocyclic Scaffolds. Doctoral dissertation. Ohio State University, 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Detrick B. The Vnyl. New York Times 2016:D8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNew BIOTECHNOLOGY
AbbreviationN. Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)1871-6784
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

Other styles