How to format your references using the New BIOTECHNOLOGY citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New BIOTECHNOLOGY. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mottron L. Changing perceptions: The power of autism. Nature 2011;479:33–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reynolds TB, Fink GR. Bakers’ yeast, a model for fungal biofilm formation. Science 2001;291:878–81.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen Y, Emerson JJ, Martin TM. Evolutionary genomics: codon volatility does not detect selection. Nature 2005;433:E6-7; discussion E7-8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lü X-Y, Zhang W-M, Ashhab S, Wu Y, Nori F. Quantum-criticality-induced strong Kerr nonlinearities in optomechanical systems. Sci Rep 2013;3:2943.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Voldman SH. ESD. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
Mönch L. Production Planning and Control for Semiconductor Wafer Fabrication Facilities: Modeling, Analysis, and Systems. vol. 52. New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Giaquinta M, Modica G. Measures and Integration. In: Modica G, editor. Mathematical Analysis: Foundations and Advanced Techniques for Functions of Several Variables, Boston, MA: Birkhäuser; 2012, p. 283–338.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New BIOTECHNOLOGY.

Blog post
Andrew E. Eye Drops Could Cure Cataracts – And Long-Sightedness. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. [Comments on Applicability of Vacancies Act to Various Labor and Education Officers]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dutta A. Systems optimization for mobility management. Doctoral dissertation. Columbia University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Supreme Court Rebuffs a Challenge to New York’s Way of Picking Its Judges. New York Times 2008:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNew BIOTECHNOLOGY
AbbreviationN. Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)1871-6784
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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