How to format your references using the Neurovascular Imaging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurovascular Imaging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Sawyers C. Targeted cancer therapy. Nature. 2004;432:294–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Petersen CP, Reddien PW. Smed-betacatenin-1 is required for anteroposterior blastema polarity in planarian regeneration. Science. 2008;319:327–30.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Schubert G, Russell CT, Moore WB. Timing of the Martian dynamo. Nature. 2000;408:666–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Chen J-J, Meng J, Yu D-P, Liao Z-M. Fabrication and electrical properties of stacked graphene monolayers. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5065.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Davis TB. Audel Industrial Multi-Craft Mini-Ref. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Šunjić V. Organic Chemistry from Retrosynthesis to Asymmetric Synthesis. Petrović Peroković V, editor. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Muñoz R, Gonzales C, Price K, Rosario A, Huggel C, Frey H, et al. Managing Glacier Related Risks Disaster in the Chucchún Catchment, Cordillera Blanca, Peru. In: Salzmann N, Huggel C, Nussbaumer SU, Ziervogel G, editors. Climate Change Adaptation Strategies – An Upstream-downstream Perspective. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 59–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurovascular Imaging.

Blog post
1. Hale T. Against All Odds, AI Is Owning Humans At A Poker Tournament [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/against-all-odds-ai-is-owning-humans-at-a-poker-tournament/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Space Station: Information on National Security Applications and Cost. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 May. Report No.: NSIAD-93-208.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Soltani A. Parenting and disciplinary practices of Iranian mothers: A quantitative study [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Rothenberg B. For 239th-Ranked Player, Faith in Qualifying Pays Off. New York Times. 2017 Jan 14;D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurovascular Imaging
AbbreviationNeurovasc. Imaging
ISSN (online)2055-5792
Scope

Other styles