How to format your references using the Neurovascular Imaging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurovascular Imaging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Rubinsztein DC. Cell biology: Receptors for selective recycling. Nature. 2015;522:291–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Pizzarello S, Weber AL. Prebiotic amino acids as asymmetric catalysts. Science. 2004;303:1151.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Henrich J, Heine SJ, Norenzayan A. Most people are not WEIRD. Nature. 2010;466:29.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Yoo I, Han CK, Shin D-S, Lee KJB, Wu JW, Moon HS, et al. Spatiotemporal path discontinuities of wavepackets propagating across a meta-atom. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4634.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Armstrong RA, Hilton AC. Statistical Analysis in Microbiology: Statnotes. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Jasmin J-F, Frank PG, Lisanti MP, editors. Caveolins and Caveolae: Roles in Signaling and Disease Mechanisms. New York, NY: Springer US; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Borgianni Y, Cascini G, Rotini F. Application of IPPR to the Reengineering Problems of Class 2. In: Borgianni Y, Cascini G, editors. Re-engineering of Products and Processes: How to Achieve Global Success in the Changing Marketplace. London: Springer; 2012. p. 107–28.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurovascular Imaging.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Signs Of 14,000-Year-Old Human Habitation Found In Southern South America [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Rulemaking: Incomplete Implementation Impaired FAA’s Reform Efforts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001 Jul. Report No.: GAO-01-950T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Ivy R. Regional Subsurface Investigation of the Uppermost Cretaceous of Northern Louisiana [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly M. G.O.P.’s Young Confrontation Corps. New York Times. 1992 Aug 21;A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurovascular Imaging
AbbreviationNeurovasc. Imaging
ISSN (online)2055-5792

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