How to format your references using the Neurovascular Imaging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurovascular Imaging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Guthrie RD. New carbon dates link climatic change with human colonization and Pleistocene extinctions. Nature. 2006;441:207–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Ezenwa VO, Jolles AE. Epidemiology. Opposite effects of anthelmintic treatment on microbial infection at individual versus population scales. Science. 2015;347:175–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Waghmare PR, Gunda NSK, Mitra SK. Under-water superoleophobicity of fish scales. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7454.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Tian Y, Wu G, Tian X, Tao X, Chen W. Novel erythrocyte-like graphene microspheres with high quality and mass production capability via electrospray assisted self-assembly. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3327.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Wang J-J. Hydraulic Fracturing in Earth-Rock Fill DAMS. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons, Singapore Pte. Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1. Bridges DS. Techniques of Constructive Analysis. Vîţă LS, editor. New York, NY: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Trojanowski K, Wierzchoń ST. A Comparison of Clonal Selection Based Algorithms for Non-Stationary Optimisation Tasks. In: Kłopotek MA, Wierzchoń ST, Trojanowski K, editors. Intelligent Information Processing and Web Mining: Proceedings of the International IIS: IIPWM’06 Conference held in Ustrón, Poland, June 19-22, 2006. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006. p. 41–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurovascular Imaging.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Legalization Of Cannabis Dramatically Cuts Opioid Abuse Rates. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Status of the Mariner Jupiter/Saturn 1977 Project. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977 May. Report No.: PSAD-77-103.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. BenVau L. Effects of larval Nosema ceranae infection on adult honey bee (Apis mellifera) morphology and physiology [Doctoral dissertation]. [La Jolla, CA]: University of California San Diego; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. de la MERCED MJ, Fandos N. Broadcaster Sets a Collision Course With Fox. New York Times. 2017 May 3;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurovascular Imaging
AbbreviationNeurovasc. Imaging
ISSN (online)2055-5792
Scope

Other styles