How to format your references using the Neurourology and Urodynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurourology and Urodynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier Q. Researchers rattled as Kyoto Protocol hangs in the balance. Nature. 2003 Jun 19;423(6942):792.
A journal article with 2 authors
Valadkhan S, Manley JL. Splicing-related catalysis by protein-free snRNAs. Nature. 2001 Oct 18;413(6857):701–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaiser TE, Intine RV, Dundr M. De novo formation of a subnuclear body. Science. 2008 Dec 12;322(5908):1713–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hatzivassiliou G, Song K, Yen I, Brandhuber BJ, Anderson DJ, Alvarado R, et al. RAF inhibitors prime wild-type RAF to activate the MAPK pathway and enhance growth. Nature. 2010 Mar 18;464(7287):431–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Khan RM. Problem Solving and Data Analysis using Minitab. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
Löwe W, Südholt M, editors. Software Composition: 5th International Symposium, SC 2006 Vienna, Austria, March 25-26, 2006 Revised Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006. X, 342 p. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 4089).
A chapter in an edited book
Boitani C, Puglisi R. Selenium, a Key Element in Spermatogenesis and Male Fertility. In: Cheng CY, editor. Molecular Mechanisms in Spermatogenesis. New York, NY: Springer; 2009. p. 65–73. (Back N, Cohen IR, Lajtha A, Lambris JD, Paoletti R, editors. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurourology and Urodynamics.

Blog post
Hale T. Stunning Satellite Images Show Cloudless View Of The Whole Of Africa [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. State Health Insurance Marketplaces: CMS Should Improve Oversight of State Information Technology Projects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015 Sep. Report No.: GAO-15-527.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Richardson S. Individual sense of efficacy, collective teacher efficacy and student achievement in high achieving and low achieving urban public schools [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. ‘Sisters in Law.’ New York Times. 2015 Sep 20;BR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurourology and Urodynamics
AbbreviationNeurourol. Urodyn.
ISSN (print)0733-2467
ISSN (online)1520-6777
ScopeClinical Neurology

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