How to format your references using the Neurourology and Urodynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurourology and Urodynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gershon D. Probing real-time protein interactions. Nature. 2004 Nov 11;432(7014):249.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vollrath F, Knight DP. Liquid crystalline spinning of spider silk. Nature. 2001 Mar 29;410(6828):541–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Neal CR, Haggerty SE, Sautter V. “Majorite” and “silicate perovskite” mineral compositions in xenoliths from Malaita. Science. 2001 May 11;292(5519):1015.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yamada S, Kotake Y, Demizu Y, Kurihara M, Sekino Y, Kanda Y. NAD-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase as a novel target of tributyltin in human embryonic carcinoma cells. Sci Rep. 2014 Aug 5;4:5952.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sinaiski EG. Hydromechanics. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2011.
An edited book
Adami N, Cavallaro A, Leonardi R, Migliorati P, editors. Analysis, Retrieval and Delivery of Multimedia Content. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. XX, 288 p. (Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering; vol. 158).
A chapter in an edited book
Pundik S, Suarez JI. Metabolic Encephalopathy Stroke – Clinical Features. In: McCandless DW, editor. Metabolic Encephalopathy. New York, NY: Springer; 2009. p. 69–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurourology and Urodynamics.

Blog post
Andrew D. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Would Gender Differences Exist If We Treated All People The Same From Birth? Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Commercial Space: FAA Should Examine How to Appropriately Regulate Space Support Vehicles. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016 Nov. Report No.: GAO-17-100.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ho CW. Music genre on the move: Discourse and the cultural production of Japanese visual rock in Hong Kong [Doctoral dissertation]. [Bloomington, IN]: Indiana University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Case Touches a 2nd Amendment Nerve. New York Times. 2007 Nov 13;A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurourology and Urodynamics
AbbreviationNeurourol. Urodyn.
ISSN (print)0733-2467
ISSN (online)1520-6777
ScopeClinical Neurology

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