How to format your references using the Neurourology and Urodynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurourology and Urodynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain C. Livermore plans radical rescue for “mismanaged” laser facility. Nature. 2000 Feb 3;403(6769):469–70.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ranta E, Kaitala V. Comment on “Stability via asynchrony in Drosophila metapopulations with low migration rates.” Science. 2006 Oct 20;314(5798):420; author reply 420.
A journal article with 3 authors
Saran R, Stolojan V, Curry RJ. Ultrahigh performance C60 nanorod large area flexible photoconductor devices via ultralow organic and inorganic photodoping. Sci Rep. 2014 May 23;4:5041.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Diebold SS, Kaisho T, Hemmi H, Akira S, Reis e Sousa C. Innate antiviral responses by means of TLR7-mediated recognition of single-stranded RNA. Science. 2004 Mar 5;303(5663):1529–31.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cauvin C, Escobar F, Serradj A. Thematic Cartography and Transformations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Paoli FD, Pimentel E, Zavattaro G, editors. Service-Oriented and Cloud Computing: First European Conference, ESOCC 2012, Bertinoro, Italy, September 19-21, 2012. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. XI, 282 p. 99 illus. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 7592).
A chapter in an edited book
Simon A, Davey B, Flaiz B, Karpathiou V, Wickramasinghe N. A Multi-centred Empirical Study to Measure and Validate User Satisfaction with Hospital Information Services in Australia and Germany. In: Wickramasinghe N, Troshani I, Tan J, editors. Contemporary Consumer Health Informatics. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 91–100. (Healthcare Delivery in the Information Age).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurourology and Urodynamics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Mars Lander Crashed Because It Thought It Was Underground. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Motor Vehicle Safety: Information on Recent Controversy Between NHTSA and Consumer Group. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990 Sep. Report No.: RCED-90-221.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bishop-Randol E. Outcomes of the Program of Assertive Community Treatment in Orange County, California [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. DeGrom Escapes Despite A Barrage of Home Runs. New York Times. 2017 Jul 8;D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurourology and Urodynamics
AbbreviationNeurourol. Urodyn.
ISSN (print)0733-2467
ISSN (online)1520-6777
ScopeClinical Neurology

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