How to format your references using the Neurotoxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurotoxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Thomas, P.J., 2011. Cell signaling. Every bit counts. Science 334, 321–322.
A journal article with 2 authors
Knollmann, B.C., Roden, D.M., 2008. A genetic framework for improving arrhythmia therapy. Nature 451, 929–936.
A journal article with 3 authors
Allen, M., Raper, S., Mitchell, J., 2001. Climate change. Uncertainty in the IPCC’s Third Assessment Report. Science 293, 430–433.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kim, H.-S., Oh, S.-S., Ha, H.-S., Youm, D., Moon, S.-H., Kim, J.H., Dou, S.X., Heo, Y.-U., Wee, S.-H., Goyal, A., 2014. Ultra-high performance, high-temperature superconducting wires via cost-effective, scalable, co-evaporation process. Sci. Rep. 4, 4744.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saksena, F.B., 2015. Patient Studies in Valvular, Congenital, and Rarer Forms of Cardiovascular Disease. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Dawar, A., Queiroz, R. de (Eds.), 2010. Logic, Language, Information and Computation: 17th International Workshop, WoLLIC 2010, Brasilia, Brazil, July 6-9, 2010. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Maurya, R.A., Chae, J., Park, H., Yang, H., Song, D., Cho, K., 2015. Chromospheric Sunspot Oscillations in Hα and Ca ii 8542 Å, in: Chae, J. (Ed.), Initial Results from the Fast Imaging Solar Spectrograph (FISS). Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 73–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurotoxicology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2016. The US Government Is Preparing To Approve A Private Mission To The Moon [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. District of Columbia Public Schools: Availability of Funds and the Cost of FY 1997 Roof Projects (No. AIMD-98-82). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Decena, M., 2010. What variables affect Peritoneal Dialysis growth? (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2006. Justices Reaffirm Abortion Access For Emergencies. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Thomas, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Knollmann and Roden, 2008; Thomas, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Knollmann and Roden, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurotoxicology
ISSN (print)0161-813X
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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