How to format your references using the Neurotoxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurotoxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rose, S., 2009. Darwin 200: Should scientists study race and IQ? NO: Science and society do not benefit. Nature 457, 786–788.
A journal article with 2 authors
Slabbekoorn, H., Peet, M., 2003. Ecology: Birds sing at a higher pitch in urban noise. Nature 424, 267.
A journal article with 3 authors
Emile, O., Le Floch, A., Vollrath, F., 2006. Biopolymers: shape memory in spider draglines. Nature 440, 621.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Okazaki, R., Takaoka, N., Nagao, K., Sekiya, M., Nakamura, T., 2001. Noble-gas-rich chondrules in an enstatite meteorite. Nature 412, 795–798.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kurrer, K.-E., 2016. Geschichte der Baustatik. Wilhelm Ernst & Sohn, Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin, Germany.
An edited book
Gullino, M.L., Munkvold, G. (Eds.), 2014. Global Perspectives on the Health of Seeds and Plant Propagation Material, Plant Pathology in the 21st Century, Contributions to the 9th International Congress. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Fernandez-Breis, J.T., Iannone, L., Palmisano, I., Rector, A.L., Stevens, R., 2010. Enriching the Gene Ontology via the Dissection of Labels Using the Ontology Pre-processor Language, in: Cimiano, P., Pinto, H.S. (Eds.), Knowledge Engineering and Management by the Masses: 17th International Conference, EKAW 2010, Lisbon, Portugal, October 11-15, 2010. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 59–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurotoxicology.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2017. Rubber Algae Used To Create Artificial Reef In The Mediterranean [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. Airport Funding: Changes in Aviation Activity Are Reflected in Reduced Capacity Concerns (No. GAO-15-498T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Murray, R.W., 2010. The Florida Migrant Education Program: An analysis of programmatic and expenditure practices (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chira, S., Abrams, R., Rogers, K., 2017. A Strike by Women, but Turnout Is Modest. New York Times A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rose, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Rose, 2009; Slabbekoorn and Peet, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Slabbekoorn and Peet, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Okazaki et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurotoxicology
ISSN (print)0161-813X
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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