How to format your references using the Neurotoxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurotoxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crane, B.R., 2012. Biochemistry. Nature’s intricate clockwork. Science 337, 165–166.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rothenberg, K.H., Terry, S.F., 2002. Human genetics. Before it’s too late--addressing fear of genetic information. Science 297, 196–197.
A journal article with 3 authors
McAlonan, K., Cavanaugh, J., Wurtz, R.H., 2008. Guarding the gateway to cortex with attention in visual thalamus. Nature 456, 391–394.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bahrami, M., Donadi, S., Ferialdi, L., Bassi, A., Curceanu, C., Di Domenico, A., Hiesmayr, B.C., 2013. Are collapse models testable with quantum oscillating systems? The case of neutrinos, kaons, chiral molecules. Sci. Rep. 3, 1952.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chen, Z.N., Chia, M.Y.W., 2006. Broadband Planar Antennas. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Jones, D.S.J.S., Pujadó, P.R. (Eds.), 2006. Handbook of Petroleum Processing. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Pistrosch, F., Schaper, F., Hanefeld, M., 2013. The Metabolic Syndrome and Cardiovascular Disease, in: Beck-Nielsen, H. (Ed.), The Metabolic Syndrome: Pharmacology and Clinical Aspects. Springer, Vienna, pp. 43–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurotoxicology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2016. We Still Don’t Really Know The Health Hazards Of A Nuclear Accident [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993. Federal Research: Minor Changes Would Further Improve New NSF Indirect Cost Guidance (No. RCED-93-140). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pezzolesi, M.G., 2008. Novel Mechanisms of PTEN Dysfunction in PTEN Hamartoma Tumor Syndromes (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yoo, J., 2017. Executive Power Run Amok. New York Times A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Crane, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Crane, 2012; Rothenberg and Terry, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rothenberg and Terry, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Bahrami et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurotoxicology
ISSN (print)0161-813X
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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