How to format your references using the Neurotoxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurotoxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Singer, T., 2012. Nutrition: The vitamin D complex. Nature 489, S10-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tomita, M., Murakami, M., 2003. High-temperature superconductor bulk magnets that can trap magnetic fields of over 17 tesla at 29 K. Nature 421, 517–520.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaneko, Y., Nimmerjahn, F., Ravetch, J.V., 2006. Anti-inflammatory activity of immunoglobulin G resulting from Fc sialylation. Science 313, 670–673.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Plass, R., Last, J.A., Bartelt, N.C., Kellogg, G.L., 2001. Nanostructures. Self-assembled domain patterns. Nature 412, 875.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bitam, S., Mellouk, A., 2014. Bio-Inspired Routing Protocols for Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
León, R., Muñoz-Torres, M.J., Moneva, J.M. (Eds.), 2016. Modeling and Simulation in Engineering, Economics and Management: International Conference, MS 2016, Teruel, Spain, July 4-5, 2016, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Rowland, J.H., 2007. Survivorship Research: Past, Present, and Future, in: Ganz, P.A. (Ed.), Cancer Survivorship: Today and Tomorrow. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 28–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurotoxicology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2017. Time Crystals: How Scientists Created A New State Of Matter [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2003. Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Airport and Airway Trust Fund Excise Taxes (No. GAO-03-361R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Duerr, P.S., 2015. Investigation of marine waterjet inlets during turning maneuvers (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nir, S.M., 2017. Fire’s Death Toll: ‘5 Amazing People Full of Life,’ the Oldest of Them 20. New York Times A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Singer, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Singer, 2012; Tomita and Murakami, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tomita and Murakami, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Plass et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurotoxicology
ISSN (print)0161-813X
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

Other styles