How to format your references using the Neurotoxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurotoxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
da Silva Copertino, M., 2011. Add coastal vegetation to the climate critical list. Nature 473, 255.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pereira, G., Schiebel, E., 2003. Separase regulates INCENP-Aurora B anaphase spindle function through Cdc14. Science 302, 2120–2124.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chao, B.F., Wu, Y.H., Li, Y.S., 2008. Impact of artificial reservoir water impoundment on global sea level. Science 320, 212–214.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Santer, B.D., Po-Chedley, S., Zelinka, M.D., Cvijanovic, I., Bonfils, C., Durack, P.J., Fu, Q., Kiehl, J., Mears, C., Painter, J., Pallotta, G., Solomon, S., Wentz, F.J., Zou, C.-Z., 2018. Human influence on the seasonal cycle of tropospheric temperature. Science 361.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chen, Z.N., Chia, M.Y.W., 2006. Broadband Planar Antennas. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
d’Agostino, L., Salvetti, M.V. (Eds.), 2007. Fluid Dynamics of Cavitation and Cavitating Turbopumps, CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences. Springer, Vienna.
A chapter in an edited book
Pangracious, V., Marrakchi, Z., Mehrez, H., 2015. Two Dimensional FPGAs: Configuration and CAD Flow, in: Marrakchi, Z., Mehrez, H. (Eds.), Three-Dimensional Design Methodologies for Tree-Based FPGA Architecture, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 73–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurotoxicology.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. Lack Of Activity In The Brain’s Empathy Center May Explain Psychopathic Personality Types [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2011. Office of Science and Technology Policy: Violation of the Antideficiency Act (No. GAO-12-200T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reyes, J., 2009. Connections: A grant proposal for mothers struggling with substance abuse in the child welfare system (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., 2014. Wozniacki Is Lining Up for New York Marathon. New York Times B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (da Silva Copertino, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (da Silva Copertino, 2011; Pereira and Schiebel, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pereira and Schiebel, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Santer et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurotoxicology
ISSN (print)0161-813X
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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