How to format your references using the Neurotoxicity Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurotoxicity Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cheke RA (2007) Ecology. Thinking long term. Science 318:577–578
A journal article with 2 authors
Deplancke B, Verstrepen KJ (2012) Genetics. Variable outcome of mutations. Science 335:44–45
A journal article with 3 authors
Suma K, Sumiyoshi Y, Endo Y (2006) The rotational spectrum of the water-hydroperoxy radical (H2O-HO2) complex. Science 311:1278–1281
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kumar P, Wu H, McBride JL, et al (2007) Transvascular delivery of small interfering RNA to the central nervous system. Nature 448:39–43

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Muccini M, Toffanin S (2016) Organic Light-Emitting Transistors. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Lenarcic J, Husty M (eds) (2012) Latest Advances in Robot Kinematics. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Lucey TA, Agnello MF, Laney JD (2015) Risk Management and Insurance. In: Agnello MF, Laney JD (eds) A Critically Compassionate Approach to Financial Literacy. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp 93–116

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurotoxicity Research.

Blog post
Davis J (2016) Bacteria Found In Poop Is Linked To The Body Fat Surrounding Organs. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Federal Communications Commission: MDS and ITFS Two-Way Transmissions. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stevens JW (2008) Perception of counselor ethical behavior: A quantitative look at dual relationships in Maine. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt LF (2006) The Legacies They Left. New York Times 14LI7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cheke 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Cheke 2007; Deplancke and Verstrepen 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Deplancke and Verstrepen 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Kumar et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurotoxicity Research
AbbreviationNeurotox. Res.
ISSN (print)1029-8428
ISSN (online)1476-3524
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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