How to format your references using the Neurotoxicity Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurotoxicity Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Whitney B (2009) Astronomy. Forming massive stars. Science 323:719–720
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang X, Ha T (2013) Defining single molecular forces required to activate integrin and notch signaling. Science 340:991–994
A journal article with 3 authors
Schaedler TA, Jacobsen AJ, Carter WB (2013) Materials science. Toward lighter, stiffer materials. Science 341:1181–1182
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Olsen B, Munster VJ, Wallensten A, et al (2006) Global patterns of influenza a virus in wild birds. Science 312:384–388

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Segal HP (2012) Utopias. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Bradford A (2011) HTML5 Mastery: Semantics, Standards, and Styling. Apress, Berkeley, CA
A chapter in an edited book
Ferrari A (2010) Motor Defects. In: Cioni G (ed) The Spastic Forms of Cerebral Palsy: A Guide to the Assessment of Adaptive Functions. Springer, Milano, pp 53–71

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurotoxicity Research.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2016) Food Security And Why Christmas Dinner Is In Peril. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) Aerospace Guidance and Metrology Center: Cost Growth and Other Factors Affect Closure and Privatization. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Warwick-Smith KM (2017) Remembering Prudence: Tracking the Iconography of a Cardinal Virtue to Her Resurgence in Depth Psychology. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K (2001) Pardon My Dust? Neighbors of a College Project Say No. New York Times 146

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Whitney 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Whitney 2009; Wang and Ha 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang and Ha 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Olsen et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurotoxicity Research
AbbreviationNeurotox. Res.
ISSN (print)1029-8428
ISSN (online)1476-3524
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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