How to format your references using the Neurotoxicity Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurotoxicity Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Elliott T (2014) Planetary science. Speed metal. Science 344:1086–1087
A journal article with 2 authors
Folkman J, Camphausen K (2001) Cancer. What does radiotherapy do to endothelial cells? Science 293:227–228
A journal article with 3 authors
Mizutani A, Chahl JS, Srinivasan MV (2003) Insect behaviour: Motion camouflage in dragonflies. Nature 423:604
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Di Paolo G, Pellegrini L, Letinic K, et al (2002) Recruitment and regulation of phosphatidylinositol phosphate kinase type 1 gamma by the FERM domain of talin. Nature 420:85–89

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Landa R (2016) Advertising by Design. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Narayanan PJ, Nayar SK, Shum H-Y (eds) (2006) Computer Vision – ACCV 2006: 7th Asian Conference on Computer Vision, Hyderabad, India, January 13-16, 2006. Proceedings, Part I. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Xidonas P, Mavrotas G, Krintas T, et al (2012) Portfolio Optimization. In: Mavrotas G, Krintas T, Psarras J, Zopounidis C (eds) Multicriteria Portfolio Management. Springer, New York, NY, pp 57–83

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurotoxicity Research.

Blog post
Taub B (2016) Nearly All Illegal Elephant Ivory Smuggled Out Of Africa Is From Recent Kills. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009) Information Security: NASA Needs to Remedy Vulnerabilities in Key Networks. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Korobenko A (2014) Advanced Fluid–Structure Interaction Techniques in Application to Horizontal and Vertical Axis Wind Turbines. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Erlanger S, Kanter J (2017) Starting British Election Campaign, May Warns of E.U. Meddling. New York Times A6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Elliott 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Folkman and Camphausen 2001; Elliott 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Folkman and Camphausen 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Di Paolo et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurotoxicity Research
AbbreviationNeurotox. Res.
ISSN (print)1029-8428
ISSN (online)1476-3524
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

Other styles