How to format your references using the Neurotoxicity Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurotoxicity Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sargis EJ (2002) Paleontology. Primate origins nailed. Science 298:1564–1565
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen M, Yan X (2005) Comment on “Grain boundary-mediated plasticity in nanocrystalline nickel.” Science 308:356; author reply 356
A journal article with 3 authors
Levine JH, Lin Y, Elowitz MB (2013) Functional roles of pulsing in genetic circuits. Science 342:1193–1200
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Maldonado AM, Doerner P, Dixon RA, et al (2002) A putative lipid transfer protein involved in systemic resistance signalling in Arabidopsis. Nature 419:399–403

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Luther GW III (2016) Inorganic Chemistry for Geochemistry and Environmental Sciences. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Schatten H, Pawley JB (eds) (2008) Biological Low-Voltage Scanning Electron Microscopy. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Nicolini E, Ringeissen C, Rusinowitch M (2009) Combinable Extensions of Abelian Groups. In: Schmidt RA (ed) Automated Deduction – CADE-22: 22nd International Conference on Automated Deduction, Montreal, Canada, August 2-7, 2009. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 51–66

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurotoxicity Research.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2017) SpaceX Wants To Start Launching Its Space Internet Satellites In 2019. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1979) Improvements Recommended for Better Oversight of the Capitol Page School. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Backfish M (2013) Electron Cloud in Steel Beam Pipe vs Titanium Nitride Coated and Amorphous Carbon Coated Beam Pipes in Fermilab’s Main Injector. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ryerson J (2017) University Presses. New York Times BR27

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sargis 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Sargis 2002; Chen and Yan 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chen and Yan 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Maldonado et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurotoxicity Research
AbbreviationNeurotox. Res.
ISSN (print)1029-8428
ISSN (online)1476-3524
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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