How to format your references using the Neurotoxicity Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurotoxicity Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Emanuel K (2005) Increasing destructiveness of tropical cyclones over the past 30 years. Nature 436:686–688
A journal article with 2 authors
Hill RS, Walsh CA (2005) Molecular insights into human brain evolution. Nature 437:64–67
A journal article with 3 authors
Merritt D, Ferrarese L, Joseph CL (2001) No supermassive black hole in M33? Science 293:1116–1118
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Cowan T, Cai W, Purich A, et al (2013) Forcing of anthropogenic aerosols on temperature trends of the sub-thermocline southern Indian Ocean. Sci Rep 3:2245

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hey E (2011) Neonatal Formulary 6. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Mishra MK, Bishnupuri KS (eds) (2016) Epigenetic Advancements in Cancer. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
van Heesbeen RGHP, Medema RH (2015) Kif15: A Useful Target for Anti-cancer Therapy? In: Frank KF (ed) Kinesins and Cancer. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 77–86

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurotoxicity Research.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Could a Shield of Hot Air Block Shockwaves? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016) Special Education: State and Local-Imposed Requirements Complicate Federal Efforts to Reduce Administrative Burden. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beck AJ (2017) Determining Bed Failure Depth in Unconsolidated Submarine Sediments Using Particles in Cell Numerical Modeling. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik J (2017) Long After the Departure, One More Cosmic Joke to Tell. New York Times C14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Emanuel 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Emanuel 2005; Hill and Walsh 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hill and Walsh 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Cowan et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurotoxicity Research
AbbreviationNeurotox. Res.
ISSN (print)1029-8428
ISSN (online)1476-3524
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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