How to format your references using the Neuroscience Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuroscience Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Finkelstein, G., 2001. Essays on science and society. Romanticism, race, and recapitulation. Science 294, 2101–2102.
A journal article with 2 authors
Leek, J.T., Peng, R.D., 2015. Statistics. What is the question? Science 347, 1314–1315.
A journal article with 3 authors
Andrews-Hanna, J.C., Zuber, M.T., Banerdt, W.B., 2008. The Borealis basin and the origin of the martian crustal dichotomy. Nature 453, 1212–1215.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Roth, G.S., Lane, M.A., Ingram, D.K., Mattison, J.A., Elahi, D., Tobin, J.D., Muller, D., Metter, E.J., 2002. Biomarkers of caloric restriction may predict longevity in humans. Science 297, 811.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Huddleston, R., 2010. Android® Fully Loaded. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Suit, H.D., 2011. Evolution of Radiation Oncology at Massachusetts General Hospital. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Yoschenko, V., Kashparov, V., Levchuk, S., Lundin, S., Protsak, V., Khomutinin, Y., Glukhovsky, O., Maloshtan, I., Tschiersch, J., 2009. Formation of Radioactive Aerosol Particles During the Wildland Fires in Chernobyl Zone and their Radioecological Impact, in: Oughton, D.H., Kashparov, V. (Eds.), Radioactive Particles in the Environment, NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 69–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuroscience Research.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2017. Spanish Start-Up To Build The First European Reusable Rocket [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Tax Systems Modernization: Private Sector Modernization Efforts IRS May Want to Examine (No. GGD-91-133FS). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eldridge, Z., 2017. The Empowerment of a Forgotten Population (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dorman, J.L., 2017. From Small Plates, Inspiration Goes Beyond the Local Scene. New York Times TR9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Finkelstein, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Finkelstein, 2001; Leek and Peng, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Leek and Peng, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Roth et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuroscience Research
AbbreviationNeurosci. Res.
ISSN (print)0168-0102
ScopeGeneral Medicine
General Neuroscience

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