How to format your references using the Neuroscience Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuroscience Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butler, D., 2003. Quake triggers research expedition. Nature 423, 673.
A journal article with 2 authors
Miller, M.W., Williams, E.S., 2003. Prion disease: horizontal prion transmission in mule deer. Nature 425, 35–36.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fried, S.D., Bagchi, S., Boxer, S.G., 2014. Extreme electric fields power catalysis in the active site of ketosteroid isomerase. Science 346, 1510–1514.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Deng, X.L., Takami, T., Son, J.W., Kang, E.J., Kawai, T., Park, B.H., 2014. Effect of concentration gradient on ionic current rectification in polyethyleneimine modified glass nano-pipettes. Sci. Rep. 4, 4005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ruppel, W., 2014. GAAP for Governments 2014. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey.
An edited book
Rappuoli, R., Del Giudice, G. (Eds.), 2011. Influenza Vaccines for the Future, First. ed, Birkhäuser Advances in Infectious Diseases. Springer, Basel.
A chapter in an edited book
Brigham, J.C., 2008. The Role of Race and Racial Prejudice in Recognizing Other People, in: Willis-Esqueda, C. (Ed.), Motivational Aspects of Prejudice and Racism, THE NEBRASKA SYMPOSIUM ON MOTIVATION. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 68–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuroscience Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Your Brain on MDMA [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1981. Payments in Lieu of Taxes for Federal Property (No. 116666). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Simmons, C., 2008. Correlates and predictors of cognitive complexity among counseling and social work students in graduate training programs (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman, J., 2017. Analyzing Ah-Choos: All Dogs in Favor Of the Motion, Sneeze. New York Times D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Butler, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Butler, 2003; Miller and Williams, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Miller and Williams, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Deng et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuroscience Research
AbbreviationNeurosci. Res.
ISSN (print)0168-0102
ScopeGeneral Medicine
General Neuroscience

Other styles