How to format your references using the Neuroscience Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuroscience Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tate, C.G., 2010. Biochemistry. Membrane protein gymnastics. Science 328, 1644–1645.
A journal article with 2 authors
Singer, A.L., Koretzky, G.A., 2002. Control of T cell function by positive and negative regulators. Science 296, 1639–1640.
A journal article with 3 authors
Friedberg, E.C., Wagner, R., Radman, M., 2002. Specialized DNA polymerases, cellular survival, and the genesis of mutations. Science 296, 1627–1630.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Koscheev, A.P., Gromov, M.D., Mohapatra, R.K., Ott, U., 2001. History of trace gases in presolar diamonds inferred from ion-implantation experiments. Nature 412, 615–617.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grous, A., 2011. Applied Metrology for Manufacturing Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kappler, M., Sachs, A. (Eds.), 2013. Business Cycle Synchronisation and Economic Integration: New Evidence from the EU, ZEW Economic Studies. Physica-Verlag HD, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Zaumseil, M., von Vacano, M., Schwarz, S., 2014. Contextualizing the Research: Introduction to the Case Study in Java, Indonesia, in: Zaumseil, M., Schwarz, S., von Vacano, M., Sullivan, G.B., Prawitasari-Hadiyono, J.E. (Eds.), Cultural Psychology of Coping with Disasters: The Case of an Earthquake in Java, Indonesia. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 105–127.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuroscience Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Bionic Power Trousers Could Help Us Get Up The Stairs [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Mass Transit Grants: Development Time Frames for Selected UMTA Projects (No. RCED-91-184FS). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Maranhao, B., 2015. Efficient identification of disease causative mutations with next generation sequencing technologies (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M.M., Kelly, K., 2017. Ousted Federal Prosecutor, a Trump Critic, Will Join CNN as an Analyst. New York Times B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tate, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Singer and Koretzky, 2002; Tate, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Singer and Koretzky, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Koscheev et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuroscience Research
AbbreviationNeurosci. Res.
ISSN (print)0168-0102
ScopeGeneral Medicine
General Neuroscience

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