How to format your references using the Neuroradiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuroradiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P (2004) The waiting game. Nature 428:235
A journal article with 2 authors
Feng Y, Krumholz MR (2014) Early turbulent mixing as the origin of chemical homogeneity in open star clusters. Nature 513:523–525
A journal article with 3 authors
Zehn D, Lee SY, Bevan MJ (2009) Complete but curtailed T-cell response to very low-affinity antigen. Nature 458:211–214
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Roth JP, Yoder JC, Won TJ, Mayer JM (2001) Application of the Marcus cross relation to hydrogen atom transfer reactions. Science 294:2524–2526

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goshtasby AA (2017) Theory and Applications of Image Registration. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Rehm G, Uszkoreit H (2012) The Romanian Language in the Digital Age. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Cress U, Feinkohl I, Jirschitzka J, Kimmerle J (2016) Mass Collaboration as Coevolution of Cognitive and Social Systems. In: Cress U, Moskaliuk J, Jeong H (eds) Mass Collaboration and Education. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 85–104

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuroradiology.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Large Study Concludes Homeopathy Does Not Effectively Treat Any Health Condition. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) Information Technology: FBI Is Implementing Key Acquisition Methods on Its New Case Management System, but Related Agencywide Guidance Needs to Be Improved. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kingsley SJ (2012) Preschool teachers’ perceptions of factors influencing their referral decisions for young children with severe behavior problems. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S (2013) Manifesta Curator Named. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuroradiology
ISSN (print)0028-3940
ISSN (online)1432-1920
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Clinical Neurology
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles