How to format your references using the Neuroradiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuroradiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Tsay Y-F (2014) Plant science: How to switch affinity. Nature 507:44–45
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Karl TR, Trenberth KE (2003) Modern global climate change. Science 302:1719–1723
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Senghas A, Kita S, Ozyürek A (2004) Children creating core properties of language: evidence from an emerging sign language in Nicaragua. Science 305:1779–1782
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Falkowski PG, Katz ME, Milligan AJ, et al (2005) The rise of oxygen over the past 205 million years and the evolution of large placental mammals. Science 309:2202–2204

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Benslama M, Boucenna ML, Batatia H (2015) Ad Hoc Networks Telecommunications and Game Theory. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Yogesan K, Bos L, Brett P, Gibbons MC (2009) Handbook of Digital Homecare. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Durrmeyer X, Danan C (2015) Neonatal Intubation (Specific Considerations). In: Rimensberger PC (ed) Pediatric and Neonatal Mechanical Ventilation: From Basics to Clinical Practice. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 115–121

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuroradiology.

Blog post
1.
O`Callaghan J (2017) We’re About To See A Reused SpaceX Rocket Launch For The First Time. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/were-about-to-see-a-reused-space-rocket-launch-for-the-first-time/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2001) Army Training: Improvements Are Needed in 5-Ton Truck Driver Training and Supervision. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Tiedemann-Fuller PM (2008) A descriptive Rorschach study of children who have experienced chronic complex abuse. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kolomatsky M (2017) July’s Most Popular Listings. New York Times RE2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuroradiology
AbbreviationNeuroradiology
ISSN (print)0028-3940
ISSN (online)1432-1920
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Clinical Neurology
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles