How to format your references using the Neuroradiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuroradiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Savolainen O (2011) Evolution. The genomic basis of local climatic adaptation. Science 334:49–50
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Wicherts JM, Scholten AZ (2013) Comment on “Poverty impedes cognitive function.” Science 342:1169
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Humphries MM, Thomas DW, Speakman JR (2002) Climate-mediated energetic constraints on the distribution of hibernating mammals. Nature 418:313–316
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Alvarez B, Martínez-A C, Burgering BM, Carrera AC (2001) Forkhead transcription factors contribute to execution of the mitotic programme in mammals. Nature 413:744–747

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Rumelhard C, Algani C, Billabert A-L (2013) Microwave Photonic Links. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Rossberg J (2012) Pro Application Lifecycle Management with Visual Studio 2012, Second Edition. Apress, Berkeley, CA
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Vadász P (2008) Analytical Transition to Weak Turbulence and Chaotic Natural Convection in Porous Media. In: Vadász P (ed) Emerging Topics in Heat and Mass Transfer in Porous Media: From Bioengineering and Microelectronics to Nanotechnology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 111–132

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuroradiology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D (2017) Venus Has Very Few Volcanoes – Weirdly, This Might Be Why It’s As Hot As Hell. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/venus-has-very-few-volcanoes-weirdly-this-might-be-why-its-as-hot-as-hell/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2007) Passenger Rail Security: Enhanced Federal Leadership Needed to Prioritize and Guide Security Efforts. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Ellerbrock G (2017) Intergenerational Ontology & Leadership: Uniting the Multigenerational Workforce. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Brantley B (2017) Some Sugar. Could Use More Spice. New York Times C2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuroradiology
AbbreviationNeuroradiology
ISSN (print)0028-3940
ISSN (online)1432-1920
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Clinical Neurology
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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