How to format your references using the Cryobiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cryobiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Moore, Simplifying the probe set, Nature. 435 (2005) 238.
A journal article with 2 authors
O. Vargas-Rodriguez, K. Musier-Forsyth, Structural biology: wobble puts RNA on target, Nature. 510 (2014) 480–481.
A journal article with 3 authors
F. Carpi, S. Bauer, D. De Rossi, Materials science. Stretching dielectric elastomer performance, Science. 330 (2010) 1759–1761.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. Hidvegi, M. Ewing, P. Hale, C. Dippold, C. Beckett, C. Kemp, N. Maurice, A. Mukherjee, C. Goldbach, S. Watkins, G. Michalopoulos, D.H. Perlmutter, An autophagy-enhancing drug promotes degradation of mutant alpha1-antitrypsin Z and reduces hepatic fibrosis, Science. 329 (2010) 229–232.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Simon, Banach, Fréchet, Hilbert and Neumann Spaces, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2017.
An edited book
P. Lyons, ed., Obstetrics in Family Medicine: A Practical Guide, Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
B.M. Sutherland, Medical and Environmental Effects of UV Radiation, in: F. Ghetti, G. Checcucci, J.F. Bornman (Eds.), Environmental UV Radiation: Impact on Ecosystems and Human Health and Predictive Models: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute on Environmental UV Radiation: Impact on Ecosystems and Human Health and Predictive Models Pisa, Italy June 2001, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2006: pp. 39–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cryobiology.

Blog post
T. Hale, Snake Gets Trapped In An Endless Loop Of Its Own Skin After Shedding, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Aviation and the Environment: Initial Voluntary Airport Low Emissions Program Projects Reduce Emissions, and FAA Plans to Assess the Program’s Overall Performance as Participation Increases, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. Edwards, Autism Spectrum Disorder and Social Narratives: Personalization of Delivery via Brief Experimental Analysis, Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Baker, How Powerful Is Your Workout?, New York Times. (2008) G9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCryobiology
ISSN (print)0011-2240
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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