How to format your references using the Cryobiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cryobiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R.R. Breaker, Natural and engineered nucleic acids as tools to explore biology, Nature. 432 (2004) 838–845.
A journal article with 2 authors
C.S. Schindler, E.N. Jacobsen, Chemistry. A new twist on cooperative catalysis, Science. 340 (2013) 1052–1053.
A journal article with 3 authors
H.J. Parker, M.E. Bronner, R. Krumlauf, A Hox regulatory network of hindbrain segmentation is conserved to the base of vertebrates, Nature. 514 (2014) 490–493.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
G. Winckler, R.F. Anderson, M.Q. Fleisher, D. McGee, N. Mahowald, Covariant glacial-interglacial dust fluxes in the equatorial Pacific and Antarctica, Science. 320 (2008) 93–96.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B. Anthony, K. Boudnik, C. Adams, B. Shao, C. Lee, K. Sasaki, Professional Hadoop®, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Indianapolis, IN, USA, 2016.
An edited book
R. Chaki, A. Cortesi, K. Saeed, N. Chaki, eds., Advanced Computing and Systems for Security: Volume 2, Springer India, New Delhi, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
B. Pradhan, N.R. Pinninti, Yoga and Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Psychosis (Y-MBCT p ©): A Pilot Study on Its Efficacy as Brief Therapy, in: B. Pradhan, N. Pinninti, S. Rathod (Eds.), Brief Interventions for Psychosis: A Clinical Compendium, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 55–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cryobiology.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, Tree Ring Growth During Solar Storms Can Date Events In the Ancient World, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Transit Grants: Need for Improved Predictability, Data, and Monitoring in Application Processing, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R.H.-J. Lim, A stylistic analysis of and performance suggestions for Robert Muczynski’s Second Piano Sonata, Opus 22, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Kelly, First Lady and Top Official Visit, Both Named Hillary Clinton, New York Times. (1993) B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCryobiology
ISSN (print)0011-2240
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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