How to format your references using the Cryobiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cryobiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Lavé, Earth science: Landscape inversion by stream piracy, Nature. 520 (2015) 442–444.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. Tarlinton, K. Good-Jacobson, Diversity among memory B cells: origin, consequences, and utility, Science. 341 (2013) 1205–1211.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Brad Adams, M.E. Mann, C.M. Ammann, Proxy evidence for an El Niño-like response to volcanic forcing, Nature. 426 (2003) 274–278.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
V. Serreli, C.-F. Lee, E.R. Kay, D.A. Leigh, A molecular information ratchet, Nature. 445 (2007) 523–527.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G. Woolf, Tales of the Barbarians, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 2011.
An edited book
C. Chen, Big Visual Data Analysis: Scene Classification and Geometric Labeling, 1st ed. 2016, Springer, Singapore, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Anand, S. Fischmeister, J. Kim, I. Lee, Generating Sound and Resource-Aware Code from Hybrid Systems Models, in: M. Broy, I.H. Krüger, M. Meisinger (Eds.), Model-Driven Development of Reliable Automotive Services: Second Automotive Software Workshop, ASWSD 2006, San Diego, CA, USA, March 15-17, 2006, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008: pp. 48–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cryobiology.

Blog post
J. Davis, Letter Penned By Charles Darwin Returned To The Smithsonian, 30 Years After It Was Stolen, IFLScience. (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Inquiry Into Possible Computer Processing Problems in School Lunch Programs, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
L.C. Hilton, Case study on organic farming as a sustainable solution for African-American farmers, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Gleick, Time to Dump Time Zones, New York Times. (2016) SR8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCryobiology
ISSN (print)0011-2240
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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