How to format your references using the Cryobiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cryobiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Shendure, Journal club. A geneticist discusses a way to assess the effects of disease-causing gene mutations, Nature. 463 (2010) 405.
A journal article with 2 authors
O.M. Bannard, J.G. Cyster, Immunology. When less signaling is more, Science. 336 (2012) 1120–1121.
A journal article with 3 authors
P. Goldberg, F. Berna, R.I. Macphail, Comment on “DNA from pre-Clovis human coprolites in Oregon, North America,” Science. 325 (2009) 148; author reply 148.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. Naureckiene, D.E. Sleat, H. Lackland, A. Fensom, M.T. Vanier, R. Wattiaux, M. Jadot, P. Lobel, Identification of HE1 as the second gene of Niemann-Pick C disease, Science. 290 (2000) 2298–2301.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Thompson, J.D. Hogan, P.M. Clark, Developmental Psychology in Historical Perspective, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 2012.
An edited book
I. Khalil, E. Neuhold, A.M. Tjoa, L.D. Xu, I. You, eds., Information and Communication Technology: Third IFIP TC 5/8 International Conference, ICT-EurAsia 2015, and 9th IFIP WG 8.9 Working Conference, CONFENIS 2015, Held as Part of WCC 2015, Daejeon, Korea, October 4-7, 2015, Proceedings, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
P.D. Vecchia, A. Schwimmer, The Beginning of String Theory: A Historical Sketch, in: M. Gasperini, J. Maharana (Eds.), String Theory and Fundamental Interactions: Gabriele Veneziano and Theoretical Physics: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008: pp. 119–136.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cryobiology.

Blog post
R. Andrews, Is Iceland’s Ominous Katla Volcano About To Erupt?, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, School Meal Programs: More Systematic Development of Specifications Could Improve the Safety of Foods Purchased through USDA’s Commodity Program, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
L. Ramakrishnan, Multi-level adaptation for performability in dynamic web service workflows, Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Mueller, N. Schweber, Driver Arrested After Bus Fatally Strikes Pedestrian, New York Times. (2015) A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCryobiology
ISSN (print)0011-2240
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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