How to format your references using the Neuropsychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuropsychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chang HY. Anatomic demarcation of cells: genes to patterns. Science. 326(5957), 1206–1207 (2009).
A journal article with 2 authors
Ungar PS, Sponheimer M. The diets of early hominins. Science. 334(6053), 190–193 (2011).
A journal article with 3 authors
Harley HE, Putman EA, Roitblat HL. Bottlenose dolphins perceive object features through echolocation. Nature. 424(6949), 667–669 (2003).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Goffard J, Gérard D, Miska P, Baudrion A-L, Deturche R, Plain J. Plasmonic engineering of spontaneous emission from silicon nanocrystals. Sci. Rep. 3, 2672 (2013).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yukihara EG, McKeever SWS. Optically Stimulated Luminescence. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Colliot-Thélène J-L. Arithmetic Geometry: Lectures given at the C.I.M.E. Summer School held in Cetraro, Italy, September 10-15, 2007. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhao J-M, Wang W-S, Liu X, Chen Y-F. Big Data Benchmark - Big DS. In: Advancing Big Data Benchmarks: Proceedings of the 2013 Workshop Series on Big Data Benchmarking,, Xi’an, China, July16-17, 2013 and, San José, CA, USA, October 9-10, 2013, Revised Selected Papers. Rabl T, Raghunath N, Poess M, Bhandarkar M, Jacobsen H-A, Baru C (Eds.), Springer International Publishing, Cham, 49–57 (2014).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuropsychiatry.

Blog post
Felton J. Flat-Earther Confronts NASA Scientist In Starbucks, Scientist Reacts Brilliantly [Internet]. IFLScience (2017). Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Research: Concerns About Developing and Producing Magnets for the Superconducting Super Collider. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wirtz Y. Strain Variation between the Monterey and Sisquoc Formations, Southern Santa Maria Basin, California, USA: Implications for Structural Assessment of Fold and Thrust Belts. (2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. Puerto Rico Development Bank Goes to Court for $400 Million in Taxes. New York Times, B5 (2015).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuropsychiatry
ISSN (print)1758-2008
ISSN (online)1758-2016
ScopeClinical Neurology
Psychiatry and Mental health

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