How to format your references using the Neuropsychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuropsychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weir K. Microbiology: Inflammatory evidence. Nature. 528(7582), S130-1 (2015).
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang Y-Y, Zhang T. Spontaneous emission noise in long-range surface plasmon polariton waveguide based optical gyroscope. Sci. Rep. 4, 6369 (2014).
A journal article with 3 authors
Qi Y, Dolgushev M, Zhang Z. Dynamics of semiflexible recursive small-world polymer networks. Sci. Rep. 4, 7576 (2014).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gaudinier A, Rodriguez-Medina J, Zhang L, et al. Transcriptional regulation of nitrogen-associated metabolism and growth. Nature. 563(7730), 259–264 (2018).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Armstrong RA, Hilton AC. Statistical Analysis in Microbiology: Statnotes. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Swennen A, Klink M van der, editors. Becoming a Teacher Educator: Theory and Practice for Teacher Educators. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Urban Z. Variational Principles for Immersed Submanifolds. In: The Inverse Problem of the Calculus of Variations: Local and Global Theory. Zenkov DV (Ed.), Atlantis Press, Paris, 103–170 (2015).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuropsychiatry.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Star Clusters Are Responsible For Dusting Up Galaxies. IFLScience (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Air Marshal Service: Actions Taken to Fulfill Core Mission and Address Workforce Issues. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Li L. Internal conflicts through external design: Costuming the contradictions in “The Love Song of J. Robert Oppenheimer.” (2012).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. Suit Change Does Not Matter As U.S. Misses Podium Again. New York Times, SP7 (2014).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuropsychiatry
ISSN (print)1758-2008
ISSN (online)1758-2016
ScopeClinical Neurology
Psychiatry and Mental health

Other styles