How to format your references using the Neurophysiologie Clinique citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurophysiologie Clinique. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gotta M. Journal club. A cell biologist connects her research to bacterial brain invasion. Nature 2010;463:139.
A journal article with 2 authors
Levitan DR, Ferrell DL. Selection on gamete recognition proteins depends on sex, density, and genotype frequency. Science 2006;312:267–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Irwin DE, Bensch S, Price TD. Speciation in a ring. Nature 2001;409:333–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Suehiro K, Nakamura Y, Xu S, Uda Y, Matsumura T, Yamaguchi Y, et al. Ecto-domain phosphorylation promotes functional recovery from spinal cord injury. Sci Rep 2014;4:4972.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Leleux B, van Swaay H, Megally E. Private Equity 4.0. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
Zhang J, Shao L, Zhang L, Jones GA, editors. Intelligent Video Event Analysis and Understanding. vol. 332. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Biollay Y, Chaabouni A, Stubbe J. Geometria. In: Chaabouni A, Stubbe J, Quarteroni A, editors. Matematica si parte!: Nozioni di base ed esercizi per il primo anno di Ingegneria, Milano: Springer; 2007, p. 79–115.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurophysiologie Clinique.

Blog post
Davis J. Over 70 Percent Of Japan’s Largest Coral Reef Is Dead After Bleaching. IFLScience 2017. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. DOD’s Automated Telecommunications Centers Reduce the Impact of Message Volume on Staffing. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1983.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lackey GM. The efficacy of using a natural soil additive for the establishment, survival and diversity of native prairie and spontaneously colonizing plant communities on unirrigated green roofs in a humid subtropical climate. Doctoral dissertation. Mississippi State University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B. Theater; Three Sisters, Lots of Kvetching. New York Times 2017:AR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurophysiologie Clinique
AbbreviationNeurophysiol. Clin.
ISSN (print)0987-7053
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Clinical Neurology
Physiology (medical)

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