How to format your references using the Neuron citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuron. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rausher, M.D. (2007). Comment on “Evolutionary paths underlying flower color variation in Antirrhinum.” Science 315, 461; author reply 461.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anderson, V.J., and Lekkerkerker, H.N.W. (2002). Insights into phase transition kinetics from colloid science. Nature 416, 811–815.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim, H.K., Hanson, G.W., and Geller, D.A. (2013). Chemistry. Are gold clusters in RF fields hot or not? Science 340, 441–442.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Gershengorn, M.C., Hardikar, A.A., Wei, C., Geras-Raaka, E., Marcus-Samuels, B., and Raaka, B.M. (2004). Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition generates proliferative human islet precursor cells. Science 306, 2261–2264.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Teodorescu, P.P., Kecs, W.W., and Toma, A. (2013). Distribution Theory (Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA).
An edited book
Sterer, N. (2011). Breath Odors: Origin, Diagnosis, and Management (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer).
A chapter in an edited book
Rosario, T.C., and Dorsey, J.M. (2016). Conclusion: Transition(ing) to What? In Comparative Political Transitions between Southeast Asia and the Middle East and North Africa: Lost in Transition, J.M. Dorsey, ed. (New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US), pp. 123–138.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuron.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015). Farmer Finds Enormous Prehistoric Sea Monster Jaw (IFLScience).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993). FAA Evacuation Standards (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jenkins, A.K. (2008). Satisfaction and organizational commitment of civilian engineers and scientists in United States naval acquisition. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S. (2002). Prep School Game Introduces Motivation Skills to Inner City Children. New York Times D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rausher, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Anderson and Lekkerkerker, 2002; Rausher, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Anderson and Lekkerkerker, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Gershengorn et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuron
ISSN (print)0896-6273
ISSN (online)1097-4199
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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