How to format your references using the Neuron citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuron. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gill, J.L. (2015). ECOLOGY. Learning from Africa’s herbivores. Science 350, 1036–1037.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hotchkiss, R.S., and Sherwood, E.R. (2015). Immunology. Getting sepsis therapy right. Science 347, 1201–1202.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hicks, W.M., Kim, M., and Haber, J.E. (2010). Increased mutagenesis and unique mutation signature associated with mitotic gene conversion. Science 329, 82–85.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Didelot, G., Molinari, F., Tchénio, P., Comas, D., Milhiet, E., Munnich, A., Colleaux, L., and Preat, T. (2006). Tequila, a neurotrypsin ortholog, regulates long-term memory formation in Drosophila. Science 313, 851–853.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cronin, R. (2012). Reading Victorian Poetry (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd).
An edited book
Chirico, G. (2015). Gold Nanostars: Synthesis, Properties and Biomedical Application (Cham: Springer International Publishing).
A chapter in an edited book
Feldmann, N., and Cardoso, J. (2015). Service Design. In Fundamentals of Service Systems, J. Cardoso, H. Fromm, S. Nickel, G. Satzger, R. Studer, and C. Weinhardt, eds. (Cham: Springer International Publishing), pp. 105–135.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuron.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015). US Astronaut Scott Kelly Breaks Record For Most Time In Space (IFLScience).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998). Federal Research: Observations on the Small Business Innovation Research Program (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garcia, R.D. (2008). Designing an autonomous helicopter testbed: From conception through implementation. Doctoral dissertation. University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Landler, M. (2007). High-Priced Oil Adds Volatility To Global Scramble for Power. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gill, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Gill, 2015; Hotchkiss and Sherwood, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hotchkiss and Sherwood, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Didelot et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuron
ISSN (print)0896-6273
ISSN (online)1097-4199
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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