How to format your references using the Neuron citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuron. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2003). Europe goes back to basics. Nature 426, 365.
A journal article with 2 authors
Desai, M.M., and Walczak, A.M. (2015). Microbiology. Flexible gene pools. Science 348, 977–978.
A journal article with 3 authors
Koedinger, K.R., Booth, J.L., and Klahr, D. (2013). Education research. Instructional complexity and the science to constrain it. Science 342, 935–937.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Shpyrko, O.G., Streitel, R., Balagurusamy, V.S.K., Grigoriev, A.Y., Deutsch, M., Ocko, B.M., Meron, M., Lin, B., and Pershan, P.S. (2006). Surface crystallization in a liquid AuSi alloy. Science 313, 77–80.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reiher, M., and Wolf, A. (2014). Relativistic Quantum Chemistry (Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH).
An edited book
Flannery, J.A. (2015). Eco-Landscape Design K. M. Smith, ed. (Springer International Publishing).
A chapter in an edited book
Nicolosi, G., and Korthals, M. (2008). Narrative Strategies in Food Advertising. In Ethical Traceability and Communicating Food The International Library of Environmental, Agricultural and Food Ethics., C. Coff, D. Barling, M. Korthals, and T. Nielsen, eds. (Springer Netherlands), pp. 63–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuron.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016). Swimming The Atlantic Is An Extreme Act Of Human Endurance – Here’s What The Body Will Go Through. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1972). Program To Increase Graduates From Health Professions Schools and Improve the Quality of Their Education (U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schwartz, D.A. (2017). Safe Travels? An Examination of the Search and Rescue Policies and Capabilities in the Northwest Passage Region.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. (2016). U.S. Player Cleared in Meldonium Inquiry. New York Times, B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 2.
This sentence cites two references 2,4.
This sentence cites four references 2,4,6,8.

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuron
ISSN (print)0896-6273
ISSN (online)1097-4199
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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