How to format your references using the Fish and Fisheries citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fish and Fisheries. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marshall, C. R. (2010). Paleontology. Marine biodiversity dynamics over deep time. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5996), 1156–1157.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ghalambor, C. K., & Martin, T. E. (2001). Fecundity-survival trade-offs and parental risk-taking in birds. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5516), 494–497.
A journal article with 3 authors
Greiner, M., Regal, C. A., & Jin, D. S. (2003). Emergence of a molecular Bose-Einstein condensate from a Fermi gas. Nature, 426(6966), 537–540.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Schliehe, C., Juarez, B. H., Pelletier, M., Jander, S., Greshnykh, D., Nagel, M., Meyer, A., Foerster, S., Kornowski, A., Klinke, C., & Weller, H. (2010). Ultrathin PbS sheets by two-dimensional oriented attachment. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5991), 550–553.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Raynaud, H., & Arrow, K. J. (2011). Managerial Logic. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Balandin, S., Moltchanov, D., & Koucheryavy, Y. (Eds.). (2009). Smart Spaces and Next Generation Wired/Wireless Networking: 9th International Conference, NEW2AN 2009 and Second Conference on Smart Spaces, ruSMART 2009, St. Petersburg, Russia, September 15-18, 2009. Proceedings (Vol. 5764). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kao, M.-Y. (2008). Adword Auction. In M.-Y. Kao (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Algorithms (pp. 7–7). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fish and Fisheries.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017, April 3). Astronauts To Grow Space Crystals To Help Medical Drug Development. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1976). Services to Indian Head Start Grantees Under a Special Program (HRD-76-141). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Perkins, J. (2017). “Inside of each story was a piece of my story”: Applied folklore addressing stigma around perinatal mood and anxiety disorders [Doctoral dissertation]. Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2016, September 27). Awaiting Execution, a Prophet Holds Forth. New York Times, C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marshall, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Ghalambor & Martin, 2001; Marshall, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ghalambor & Martin, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Greiner et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Schliehe et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleFish and Fisheries
AbbreviationFish Fish (Oxf.)
ISSN (print)1467-2960
ISSN (online)1467-2979
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Other styles