How to format your references using the Fish and Fisheries citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fish and Fisheries. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Müller, R. D. (2010). Geophysics. Sedimentary basins feeling the heat from below. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5993), 769–770.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jensen, K., & Murray, F. (2005). Intellectual property. Enhanced: intellectual property landscape of the human genome. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5746), 239–240.
A journal article with 3 authors
McGuire, S. E., Le, P. T., & Davis, R. L. (2001). The role of Drosophila mushroom body signaling in olfactory memory. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5533), 1330–1333.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Peterson, B. J., McClelland, J., Curry, R., Holmes, R. M., Walsh, J. E., & Aagaard, K. (2006). Trajectory shifts in the Arctic and subarctic freshwater cycle. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5790), 1061–1066.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grous, A. (2012). Fracture Mechanics 2. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pezzulo, G., Butz, M. V., Castelfranchi, C., & Falcone, R. (Eds.). (2008). The Challenge of Anticipation: A Unifying Framework for the Analysis and Design of Artificial Cognitive Systems (Vol. 5225). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Fisenko, A. I., & Lemberg, V. F. (2016). Optimization Problems for the Devices Using the Black-Body Thermal Radiation. In V. F. Lemberg (Ed.), Black-body Radiative, Thermodynamic, and Chromatic Functions: Tables in Finite Spectral Ranges (pp. 35–54). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fish and Fisheries.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, January 17). NASA Animate The Beauty Of Drone Aerodynamics. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Year 2000 Computing Challenge: FAA Continues to Make Important Strides, But Vulnerabilities Remain (T-AIMD-99-285). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Calhoun, G. F. (2009). Limit theory for overfit models [Doctoral dissertation]. University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Parker, J. (2016, December 9). Dear Diary (Volume 1 of 148). New York Times, BR23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Müller, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Jensen & Murray, 2005; Müller, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jensen & Murray, 2005)
  • Three authors: (McGuire et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Peterson et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleFish and Fisheries
AbbreviationFish Fish (Oxf.)
ISSN (print)1467-2960
ISSN (online)1467-2979
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Other styles