How to format your references using the Fish and Fisheries citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fish and Fisheries. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Seife, C. (2000). PARTICLE PHYSICS: CERN Collider Glimpses Supersymmetry--Maybe. Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5477), 227a–228a.
A journal article with 2 authors
Grande, C., & Patel, N. H. (2009). Nodal signalling is involved in left-right asymmetry in snails. Nature, 457(7232), 1007–1011.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huo, C., Ouyang, J., & Yang, H. (2014). CuO nanoparticles encapsulated inside Al-MCM-41 mesoporous materials via direct synthetic route. Scientific Reports, 4, 3682.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Tobalske, B. W., Hedrick, T. L., Dial, K. P., & Biewener, A. A. (2003). Comparative power curves in bird flight. Nature, 421(6921), 363–366.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Soustelle, M. (2013). Handbook of Heterogenous Kinetics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Grancharova, A. (2012). Explicit Nonlinear Model Predictive Control: Theory and Applications (T. A. Johansen, Ed.; Vol. 429). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Babushkina, D. (2016). F.H. Bradley’s Conception of the Moral Self: A New Reading. In W. J. Mander & S. Panagakou (Eds.), British Idealism and the Concept of the Self (pp. 67–87). Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fish and Fisheries.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, December 9). The Type Of Contraceptive You Use Could Influence Your Sexual Behavior. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). International Aviation: Implications of Ratifying the Montreal Aviation Protocols (T-RCED-90-83). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bryant, J. D. (2014). The Investigation of Self-Determination in Students Participating in Higher Education with an Invisible Disability [Doctoral dissertation]. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2006, November 19). Long Island Weekend: A 48-Hour Treadmill of Activity -- Saturday. New York Times, 14LI12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Seife, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Grande & Patel, 2009; Seife, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Grande & Patel, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Huo et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Tobalske et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFish and Fisheries
AbbreviationFish Fish (Oxf.)
ISSN (print)1467-2960
ISSN (online)1467-2979
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Other styles