How to format your references using the NeuroMolecular Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for NeuroMolecular Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cohen, J. (2015). Means to an end. Cities, states, and provinces are gearing up to halt their AIDS epidemics—though the definition of success varies. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6245), 226–231.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wiessner, P., & Pupu, N. (2012). Toward peace: foreign arms and indigenous institutions in a Papua New Guinea society. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6102), 1651–1654.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wittkopp, P. J., Haerum, B. K., & Clark, A. G. (2004). Evolutionary changes in cis and trans gene regulation. Nature, 430(6995), 85–88.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhao, F., Cheng, H., Hu, Y., Song, L., Zhang, Z., Jiang, L., & Qu, L. (2014). Functionalized graphitic carbon nitride for metal-free, flexible and rewritable nonvolatile memory device via direct laser-writing. Scientific reports, 4, 5882.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kuo, J. B., & Lin, S.-C. (2002). Low-Voltage SOI CMOS VLSI Devices and Circuits. New York, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
O¿Donnell, R. W. (2008). Intellectual Property in the Food Technology Industry: Protecting Your Innovation. (J. J. O¿Malley, R. J. Huis, & G. B. Halt Jr., Eds.). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Greve, A., & Bremer, M. (2010). Calculation of Solar Illumination. In M. Bremer (Ed.), Thermal Design and Thermal Behaviour of Radio Telescopes and their Enclosures (pp. 85–106). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for NeuroMolecular Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, June 28). Sex And Other Myths About Weight Loss. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). Aviation Safety: FAA’s Safety Efforts Generally Strong but Face Challenges (No. GAO-06-1091T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Forlizzi, M. L. (2008). Congruency of supervisor and counselor perceptions of actual and preferred counselor work behaviors (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2000, December 3). On the West Side, Who Will Pay to Make Room for Green? New York Times, p. 1410.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cohen 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Cohen 2015; Wiessner and Pupu 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wiessner and Pupu 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhao et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuroMolecular Medicine
AbbreviationNeuromolecular Med.
ISSN (print)1535-1084
ISSN (online)1559-1174
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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