How to format your references using the NeuroMolecular Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for NeuroMolecular Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gravitz, L. (2013). Cancer immunotherapy. Nature, 504(7480), S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Broecker, W. S., & Clark, E. (2001). Glacial-to-Holocene redistribution of carbonate ion in the deep sea. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5549), 2152–2155.
A journal article with 3 authors
Qian, L., Winfree, E., & Bruck, J. (2011). Neural network computation with DNA strand displacement cascades. Nature, 475(7356), 368–372.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Pradhan, A. K., Mundle, R. M., Santiago, K., Skuza, J. R., Xiao, B., Song, K. D., et al. (2014). Extreme tunability in aluminum doped zinc oxide plasmonic materials for near-infrared applications. Scientific reports, 4, 6415.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bauer, E., Adams, R., & Eustace, D. (2011). Beyond Redundancy. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Van Assche, K. (2015). Local Cosmopolitanism: Imagining and (Re-)Making Privileged Places. (P. Teampău, Ed.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Zandvliet, D. B., Holmes, M., & Starzner, M. (2011). Seaquaria in Schools. In L. D. Yore, E. V. der Flier-Keller, D. W. Blades, T. W. Pelton, & D. B. Zandvliet (Eds.), Pacific CRYSTAL Centre for Science, Mathematics, and Technology Literacy: Lessons Learned (pp. 83–97). Rotterdam: SensePublishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for NeuroMolecular Medicine.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, August 11). Beautiful Glowing Beaches Look Like Something From Another World. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1971). Basis Used by the Office of Education for Classifying Contracts as Either Competitive or Noncompetitive (No. B-164031(1)). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gade, S. (2017). Design and Implementation of Hybrid Hyperchaotic Sequences for Chaos-Based Communication Systems (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ganz, C., & Leland, J. (2017, May 18). Chris Cornell, Frontman for Soundgarden and Audioslave, Dies at 52. New York Times, p. B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gravitz 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Broecker and Clark 2001; Gravitz 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Broecker and Clark 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Pradhan et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuroMolecular Medicine
AbbreviationNeuromolecular Med.
ISSN (print)1535-1084
ISSN (online)1559-1174
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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