How to format your references using the NeuroMolecular Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for NeuroMolecular Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Felten, D. L. (2006). IRBs: going too far or not far enough? Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5792), 1388–9; author reply 1388-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boyd, R. W., & Gauthier, D. J. (2009). Controlling the velocity of light pulses. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5956), 1074–1077.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lebrun, E. G., Jones, N. T., & Gilbert, L. E. (2014). Chemical warfare among invaders: a detoxification interaction facilitates an ant invasion. Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6174), 1014–1017.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Brouns, S. J. J., Jore, M. M., Lundgren, M., Westra, E. R., Slijkhuis, R. J. H., Snijders, A. P. L., et al. (2008). Small CRISPR RNAs guide antiviral defense in prokaryotes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5891), 960–964.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Michaelian, K. H. (2005). Photoacoustic Infrared Spectroscopy. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ortmeier, F., & Daniel, P. (Eds.). (2012). Computer Safety, Reliability, and Security: 31st International Conference, SAFECOMP 2012, Magdeburg, Germany, September 25-28, 2012. Proceedings (Vol. 7612). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Krishnan, S. P. T., & Gonzalez, J. L. U. (2015). Google Compute Engine. In J. L. U. Gonzalez (Ed.), Building Your Next Big Thing with Google Cloud Platform: A Guide for Developers and Enterprise Architects (pp. 53–81). Berkeley, CA: Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for NeuroMolecular Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, January 16). NASA and NOAA Agree: 2014 Was Hottest Year On Record. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Department of Transportation: Credit Assistance for Surface Transportation Projects (No. OGC-99-50). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boylan, S. A. (2017). An exploratory case study: U. S. Army’s leadership development for organizational leaders (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. (2007, January 12). The $250,000 Question. New York Times, p. F1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Felten 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Boyd and Gauthier 2009; Felten 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Boyd and Gauthier 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Brouns et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuroMolecular Medicine
AbbreviationNeuromolecular Med.
ISSN (print)1535-1084
ISSN (online)1559-1174
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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