How to format your references using the NeuroMolecular Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for NeuroMolecular Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sarewitz, D. (2010). World view: Curing climate backlash. Nature, 464(7285), 28.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fraser, P., & Bickmore, W. (2007). Nuclear organization of the genome and the potential for gene regulation. Nature, 447(7143), 413–417.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ryckman, J. D., Jiao, Y., & Weiss, S. M. (2013). Three-dimensional patterning and morphological control of porous nanomaterials by gray-scale direct imprinting. Scientific reports, 3, 1502.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Carosio, S., Barberi, L., Rizzuto, E., Nicoletti, C., Del Prete, Z., & Musarò, A. (2013). Generation of eX vivo-vascularized Muscle Engineered Tissue (X-MET). Scientific reports, 3, 1420.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kelly, V. A. (2015). ADDICTION in the Family: What Every Counselor Needs to Know. Alexandria, USA: American Counseling Association.
An edited book
Taha, S. (2013). Secure IP Mobility Management for VANET. (X. Shen, Ed.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Foster, L., & Woodthorpe, K. (2016). Funeral Welfare to the Grave. In L. Foster & K. Woodthorpe (Eds.), Death and Social Policy in Challenging Times (pp. 73–90). London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for NeuroMolecular Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, August 31). Five New Species Of Flying Monkey Described. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2017). Technology Assessment: Internet of Things: Status and implications of an increasingly connected world (No. GAO-17-75). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Castiglione, A. (2010). Counterproductive work behaviors: The role of employee support policies, envy, and narcissism (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G. G. (2015, September 23). Coates to Write for Marvel. New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sarewitz 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Fraser and Bickmore 2007; Sarewitz 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fraser and Bickmore 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Carosio et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuroMolecular Medicine
AbbreviationNeuromolecular Med.
ISSN (print)1535-1084
ISSN (online)1559-1174
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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