How to format your references using the NeuroMolecular Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for NeuroMolecular Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Swarup, A. (2008). Science careers. Analyzing scientific investments. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5905), 1266–1267.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nishioka, K., & Reinberg, D. (2001). Transcription. Switching partners in a regulatory tango. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5551), 2497–2498.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chou, C.-H., Chuang, J.-K., & Chen, F.-C. (2013). High-performance flexible waveguiding photovoltaics. Scientific reports, 3, 2244.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wesolowski, A., Stresman, G., Eagle, N., Stevenson, J., Owaga, C., Marube, E., et al. (2014). Quantifying travel behavior for infectious disease research: a comparison of data from surveys and mobile phones. Scientific reports, 4, 5678.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Harris, M. (2015). Inside the Crystal Ball. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Varma, A., Kost, G., & Oelmüller, R. (Eds.). (2013). Piriformospora indica: Sebacinales and Their Biotechnological Applications (Vol. 33). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Koch, M., & Pauls, K. (2006). Engineering Self-protection for Autonomous Systems. In L. Baresi & R. Heckel (Eds.), Fundamental Approaches to Software Engineering: 9th International Conference, FASE 2006, Held as Part of the Joint European Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2006, Vienna, Austria, March 27-28, 2006. Proceedings (pp. 33–47). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for NeuroMolecular Medicine.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016, October 18). Healthy Mouse Pups Born From Lab Grown Eggs In World First. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Highway Safety: Monitoring Practices To Show Compliance With Speed Limits Should Be Reexamined (No. RCED-88-93BR). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Joshi, R. A. (2010). Adaptive nulling in multiple beam antennas using quantized state adaptive algorithms (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2016, October 3). Mets Take a Loss, Preserving Their Ace. New York Times, p. D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Swarup 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Nishioka and Reinberg 2001; Swarup 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nishioka and Reinberg 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Wesolowski et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuroMolecular Medicine
AbbreviationNeuromolecular Med.
ISSN (print)1535-1084
ISSN (online)1559-1174
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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