How to format your references using the Nuclear Materials and Energy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nuclear Materials and Energy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A.N. Lupas, Protein Design. What I cannot create, I do not understand, Science. 346 (2014) 1455–1456.
A journal article with 2 authors
C.M. Cox, B.F. Chao, Detection of a large-scale mass redistribution in the terrestrial system since 1998, Science. 297 (2002) 831–833.
A journal article with 3 authors
W. de la Mare, N. Gales, M. Mangel, Science and Law. Applying scientific principles in international law on whaling, Science. 345 (2014) 1125–1126.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
E. Auger, P. Gasparini, J. Virieux, A. Zollo, Seismic evidence of an extended magmatic sill under Mt. Vesuvius, Science. 294 (2001) 1510–1512.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
T. Barnes, Constantine, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, 2013.
An edited book
L. da F. Costa, A. Evsukoff, G. Mangioni, R. Menezes, eds., Complex Networks: Second International Workshop, CompleNet 2010, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, October 13-15, 2010, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
T. Kendall, W. Wolfram, Engagement Through Data Management and Preservation: The North Carolina Language and Life Project and the Sociolinguistic Archive and Analysis Project, in: K.P. Corrigan, A. Mearns (Eds.), Creating and Digitizing Language Corpora: Volume 3: Databases for Public Engagement, Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, 2016: pp. 133–157.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nuclear Materials and Energy.

Blog post
J. Davis, Lost Medieval City Discovered On England-Wales Border, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Federal Research and Development: Contributions to and Results of the Small Business Technology Transfer Program, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
L.T. Vas, Orbis pictus: Intermedialität zwischen Berliner Stadtmalerei und literarischer Stadterfahrung dargestellt anhand der Werke von E.T.A. Hoffmann und Wilhelm Raabe, Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.J. de la MERCED, R. Abrams, Abercrombie & Fitch in Talks to Sell Itself, New York Times. (2017) B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNuclear Materials and Energy
AbbreviationNucl. Mater. Energy
ISSN (print)2352-1791
ScopeNuclear Energy and Engineering
Materials Science (miscellaneous)
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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