How to format your references using the Nuclear Materials and Energy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nuclear Materials and Energy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
H. Nicholls, Conservation biology: Wild at heart, Nature. 528 (2015) 474–475.
A journal article with 2 authors
S.C. Dufour, H. Felbeck, Sulphide mining by the superextensile foot of symbiotic thyasirid bivalves, Nature. 426 (2003) 65–67.
A journal article with 3 authors
N.J.C. Ingle, M.R. Beasley, T.H. Geballe, Superconductivity in a spin-ladder cuprate, Science. 295 (2002) 1967.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
K. Brandt, M.F.H. Wolff, V. Salikov, S. Heinrich, G.A. Schneider, A novel method for a multi-level hierarchical composite with brick-and-mortar structure, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2322.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Kill, The BRC Global Standard for Food Safety, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 2012.
An edited book
T. Panayiotopoulos, J. Gratch, R. Aylett, D. Ballin, P. Olivier, T. Rist, eds., Intelligent Virtual Agents: 5th International Working Conference, IVA 2005, Kos, Greece, September 12-14, 2005. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Y.K. Lee, M. Knežević, I.M.R. Verbauwhede, Hardware design for Hash functions, in: I.M.R. Verbauwhede (Ed.), Secure Integrated Circuits and Systems, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2010: pp. 79–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nuclear Materials and Energy.

Blog post
S. Luntz, Tumor With Teeth Found In Renaissance-Era Graveyard, IFLScience. (2017).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, UMTA Project Oversight and Mass Transit Issues, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Y.K. Do, Effects of informal care on caregivers’ labor market outcomes and health in South Korea, Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Yablonsky, Museo Drive, New York Times. (2010) M256.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNuclear Materials and Energy
AbbreviationNucl. Mater. Energy
ISSN (print)2352-1791
ScopeNuclear Energy and Engineering
Materials Science (miscellaneous)
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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