How to format your references using the Nuclear Materials and Energy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nuclear Materials and Energy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D.C. Clary, Chemistry. 100 years of atomic theory, Science. 341 (2013) 244–245.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.W. Friedrich, K.W. Finster, Geochemistry. How sulfur beats iron, Science. 344 (2014) 974–975.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.D. Stanley, F. Goddio, G. Schnepp, Nile flooding sank two ancient cities, Nature. 412 (2001) 293–294.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
L.J. Cliffe, N.E. Humphreys, T.E. Lane, C.S. Potten, C. Booth, R.K. Grencis, Accelerated intestinal epithelial cell turnover: a new mechanism of parasite expulsion, Science. 308 (2005) 1463–1465.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
K.L. Hansen, K.E. Zenobia, Civil Engineer’s Handbook of Professional Practice, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
J. Goh, C.T. Lim, eds., 7th WACBE World Congress on Bioengineering 2015: 6th to 8th July, 2015, Singapore, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
X. Cai, J. Wei, G. Wen, J. Li, A Neighborhood Preserving Based Semi-supervised Dimensionality Reduction Method for Cancer Classification, in: Y. Wang, T. Li (Eds.), Foundations of Intelligent Systems: Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Intelligent Systems and Knowledge Engineering, Shanghai, China, Dec 2011 (ISKE2011), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012: pp. 29–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nuclear Materials and Energy.

Blog post
T. Hale, This Seagull Fell Into A Tub Of Curry And Turned Orange, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, School Bullying: Extent of Legal Protections for Vulnerable Groups Needs to Be More Fully Assessed, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
T.N. Nunn, A Puer–Senex Archetypal Model of the Therapeutic Relationship, Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L.F. Burghardt, Long Island Weekend: A 48-Hour Treadmill of Activity -- Sunday, New York Times. (2006) 14LI13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNuclear Materials and Energy
AbbreviationNucl. Mater. Energy
ISSN (print)2352-1791
ScopeNuclear Energy and Engineering
Materials Science (miscellaneous)
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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