How to format your references using the Nuclear Materials and Energy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nuclear Materials and Energy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Ball, Publishing: The journal that publishes no papers, Nature. 526 (2015) 146.
A journal article with 2 authors
C.A. Hooley, A.P. Mackenzie, Physics. Heavy fermions in the original Fermi liquid, Science. 317 (2007) 1332–1333.
A journal article with 3 authors
C.S. Bristow, S.D. Bailey, N. Lancaster, The sedimentary structure of linear sand dunes, Nature. 406 (2000) 56–59.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. Kuiken, E.C. Holmes, J. McCauley, G.F. Rimmelzwaan, C.S. Williams, B.T. Grenfell, Host species barriers to influenza virus infections, Science. 312 (2006) 394–397.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
American Institute of Timber Constr, Timber Construction Manual, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
J.-Z. Wu, Vorticity and Vortex Dynamics, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
P. Yin, M. Ye, W.-C. Lee, Z. Li, Mining GPS Data for Trajectory Recommendation, in: V.S. Tseng, T.B. Ho, Z.-H. Zhou, A.L.P. Chen, H.-Y. Kao (Eds.), Advances in Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining: 18th Pacific-Asia Conference, PAKDD 2014, Tainan, Taiwan, May 13-16, 2014. Proceedings, Part II, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014: pp. 50–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nuclear Materials and Energy.

Blog post
R. Andrews, Experimental Zika Vaccine To Begin Human Trials, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Aviation Safety: Additional FAA Efforts Could Enhance Safety Risk Management, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
T. Joshi, Understanding gold nanoisland formation using transport measurement, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Shpigel, Soccer Gets a Second Look, New York Times. (2017) B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNuclear Materials and Energy
AbbreviationNucl. Mater. Energy
ISSN (print)2352-1791
ScopeNuclear Energy and Engineering
Materials Science (miscellaneous)
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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