How to format your references using the Nuclear Materials and Energy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nuclear Materials and Energy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. Trewavas, Urban myths of organic farming, Nature. 410 (2001) 409–410.
A journal article with 2 authors
H. Duan, C. Sun, Swarm intelligence inspired shills and the evolution of cooperation, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5210.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.-P. Valet, L. Meynadier, Y. Guyodo, Geomagnetic dipole strength and reversal rate over the past two million years, Nature. 435 (2005) 802–805.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M.J.A. Shiddiky, R. Vaidyanathan, S. Rauf, Z. Tay, M. Trau, Molecular nanoshearing: an innovative approach to shear off molecules with AC-induced nanoscopic fluid flow, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 3716.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
K. Wuestenberg, Clinical Small Animal Care, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Ames, Iowa, USA, 2012.
An edited book
C. Machado, J.P. Davim, eds., MBA: Theory and Application of Business and Management Principles, 1st ed. 2016, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
K.-Y. Whang, A New DBMS Architecture for DB-IR Integration, in: G. Dong, X. Lin, W. Wang, Y. Yang, J.X. Yu (Eds.), Advances in Data and Web Management: Joint 9th Asia-Pacific Web Conference, APWeb 2007, and 8th International Conference, on Web-Age Information Management, WAIM 2007, Huang Shan, China, June 16-18, 2007. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007: pp. 4–5.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nuclear Materials and Energy.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, Giant Planet In Baby Stellar System Hints At Unusual Planet Formation, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Space Exploration: Cost, Schedule, and Performance of NASA’s Galileo Mission to Jupiter, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. Gan, A Parity-Violating Spin Rotation Measurement of Transversely Polarized Cold Neutrons Through a Liquid Helium Target, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J.B. Stewart, In Ditching Netflix, Disney Grabs New Key to Kingdom, New York Times. (2017) B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNuclear Materials and Energy
AbbreviationNucl. Mater. Energy
ISSN (print)2352-1791
ScopeNuclear Energy and Engineering
Materials Science (miscellaneous)
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Other styles