How to format your references using the Neurology and Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurology and Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Seitzinger S. A sustainable planet needs scientists to think ahead. Nature. 2010;468:601.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Ju T, Cummings RD. Protein glycosylation: chaperone mutation in Tn syndrome. Nature. 2005;437:1252.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Li J, An J, Ting CS. Interaction-induced localization of mobile impurities in ultracold systems. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3147.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Hanayama R, Tanaka M, Miwa K, Shinohara A, Iwamatsu A, Nagata S. Identification of a factor that links apoptotic cells to phagocytes. Nature. 2002;417:182–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Rodgers N. Learning to Reason. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2000.
An edited book
1. Tscharntke T, Leuschner C, Zeller M, Guhardja E, Bidin A, editors. Stability of Tropical Rainforest Margins: Linking Ecological, Economic and Social Constraints of Land Use and Conservation. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Grankov AG, Milshin AA. Influence of Vertical Heat Transfer on the Relationships Between the SOA MCW and IR Radiation Intensity and Surface Heat Fluxes: Modeling. In: Milshin AA, editor. Microwave Radiation of the Ocean-Atmosphere: Boundary Heat and Dynamic Interaction. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 63–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurology and Therapy.

Blog post
1. Carpineti A. Gravitational Waves Might Test For Extra Dimensions [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/gravitational-waves-might-test-for-extra-dimensions/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Personnel Security: Pass and Security Clearance Data for the Executive Office of the President. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995 Oct. Report No.: NSIAD-96-20.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. McCorkle WB. Tongue, Nib, Block, Bit: Rhetorical Delivery and Technologies of Writing [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2005.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Grimes W. Eldar Ryazanov, 88, Dies; Famed Russian Director Was a Master of Satire. New York Times. 2015 Dec 1;B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurology and Therapy
AbbreviationNeurol. Ther.
ISSN (print)2193-8253
ISSN (online)2193-6536
ScopeClinical Neurology
Neurology

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