How to format your references using the Neurology and Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurology and Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Gaeta AL. Optics. Collapsing light really shines. Science. 2003;301:54–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Mojzsis SJ, Harrison TM. Origin and significance of Archean quartzose rocks at Akilia, Greenland. Science. 2002;298:917; discussion 917.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Vilan A, Shanzer A, Cahen D. Molecular control over Au/GaAs diodes. Nature. 2000;404:166–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Wu W, Wang C, Li Q, Ye C, Qin J, Li Z. The influence of pentafluorophenyl groups on the nonlinear optical (NLO) performance of high generation dendrons and dendrimers. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6101.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Raut R, Swamy MNS. Modern Analog Filter Analysis and Design. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2010.
An edited book
1. Noguera P, Pierce J, Ahram R, editors. Race, Equity, and Education: Sixty Years from Brown. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Ingolfo S, Siena A, Mylopoulos J. Establishing Regulatory Compliance for Software Requirements. In: Jeusfeld M, Delcambre L, Ling T-W, editors. Conceptual Modeling – ER 2011: 30th International Conference, ER 2011, Brussels, Belgium, October 31 - November 3, 2011 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 47–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurology and Therapy.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Mathematicians Work Out Zombie Apocalypse Plan [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Army Needs Better Data To Develop Policies for Sole and Inservice Parents. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982 Sep. Report No.: FPCD-82-50.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Bishop S. The impact of attachment and social support on parents of children with autism [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kleinfield NR. Broken Boys, Thieves, Killers, and Now Escapees. New York Times. 2015 Jun 13;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurology and Therapy
AbbreviationNeurol. Ther.
ISSN (print)2193-8253
ISSN (online)2193-6536
ScopeClinical Neurology

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