How to format your references using the Neurological Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurological Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gibbs R (2000) The search continues for Karman’s St Christopher. Nature 406:122
A journal article with 2 authors
Bae B-I, Walsh CA (2013) Neuroscience. What are mini-brains? Science 342:200–201
A journal article with 3 authors
Ghaffari HO, Nasseri MHB, Young RP (2014) Faulting of rocks in a three-dimensional stress field by micro-anticracks. Sci Rep 4:5011
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wang D, Tian H, Yang Y, et al (2013) Scalable and direct growth of graphene micro ribbons on dielectric substrates. Sci Rep 3:1348

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Birke D (2013) Social Networks and their Economics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Muenchen RA (2010) R for Stata Users. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Sprogies M, Schmidt W (2015) Introducing S-BPM at an IT Service Providers. In: Fleischmann A, Schmidt W, Stary C (eds) S-BPM in the Wild: Practical Value Creation. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 55–74

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurological Sciences.

Blog post
Taub B (2016) Breathing Through The Nose Can Enhance Your Memory Recall And Emotional Processing. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1985) Pell Grant Validation Imposes Some Costs and Does Not Greatly Reduce Award Errors: New Strategies Are Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
John SP (2017) Drying without Dying: The Resurrection Fern Pleopeltis polypodioides. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K (2009) An Homage to France. New York Times NJ9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurological Sciences
AbbreviationNeurol. Sci.
ISSN (print)1590-1874
ISSN (online)1590-3478
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Clinical Neurology
Psychiatry and Mental health

Other styles