How to format your references using the Neurological Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurological Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Butler D (2004) Power to the people. Nature 430:928–929
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Kim BH, Kwon JW (2014) Plasmon-assisted radiolytic energy conversion in aqueous solutions. Sci Rep 4:5249
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Chen S-H, Chen W-R, Mallamace F (2003) The glass-to-glass transition and its end point in a copolymer micellar system. Science 300:619–622
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Piffanelli P, Ramsay L, Waugh R, et al (2004) A barley cultivation-associated polymorphism conveys resistance to powdery mildew. Nature 430:887–891

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Pagliaro LA, Pagliaro AM (2011) Handbook of Child and Adolescent Drug and Substance Abuse. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Fabbri M (2014) Non-coding RNAs and Cancer. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kalmar B, Greensmith L (2008) Heat Shock Proteins as Therapeutic Targets in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis. In: Asea AAA, Brown IR (eds) Heat Shock Proteins and the Brain: Implications for Neurodegenerative Diseases and Neuroprotection. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 69–107

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurological Sciences.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A (2015) Severe Solar Storms Might Go Undetected. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/severe-solar-storms-might-go-undetected/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1988) Close Air Support: Status of the Air Force’s Efforts to Replace the A-10 Aircraft. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Hussmann S (2014) Profiling Drilling Fluid Invasion in Sandstones Using Water Based Muds: Implications for Bridging and Wellbore Strengthening Effects. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Feeney K (2007) A Short Menu of Longtime Favorites. New York Times NJ6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurological Sciences
AbbreviationNeurol. Sci.
ISSN (print)1590-1874
ISSN (online)1590-3478
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Dermatology
Clinical Neurology
Psychiatry and Mental health

Other styles