How to format your references using the Neurological Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurological Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Meier RP (2000) Diminishing diversity of signed languages. Science 288:1965b
A journal article with 2 authors
Raman KV, Moodera JS (2015) Materials chemistry: A magnetic facelift for non-magnetic metals. Nature 524:42–43
A journal article with 3 authors
Lintunen A, Hölttä T, Kulmala M (2013) Anatomical regulation of ice nucleation and cavitation helps trees to survive freezing and drought stress. Sci Rep 3:2031
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Reyes-Garcia V, Godoy R, Vadez V, et al (2003) Ethnobotanical knowledge shared widely among Tsimane’ Amerindians, Bolivia. Science 299:1707

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yang J (2007) Six-Membered Transition States in Organic Synthesis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Dewsbury G, Dobson J (2007) Responsibility and Dependable Systems. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Downie JS, Ehmann AF, Bay M, Jones MC (2010) The Music Information Retrieval Evaluation eXchange: Some Observations and Insights. In: Raś ZW, Wieczorkowska AA (eds) Advances in Music Information Retrieval. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 93–115

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurological Sciences.

Blog post
Taub B (2016) Here’s Why Some People Don’t Like Music. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) Computer Systems: Actions on OMB Recommendations for a Joint Lookout System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Takusi GS (2010) A quantitative analysis of the extrinsic and intrinsic turnover factors of relational database support professionals. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartocollis A, David Goodman J (2014) The Rush to Save Rivers’s Life at a Surgery Clinic. New York Times A21

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurological Sciences
AbbreviationNeurol. Sci.
ISSN (print)1590-1874
ISSN (online)1590-3478
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Clinical Neurology
Psychiatry and Mental health

Other styles