How to format your references using the Neurological Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurological Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P (2004) The uncertainty principle. Nature 431:487
A journal article with 2 authors
Shields GA, Kasting JF (2007) Palaeoclimatology: evidence for hot early oceans? Nature 447:E1; discussion E1-2
A journal article with 3 authors
Showalter MR, Hedman MM, Burns JA (2011) The impact of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 sends ripples through the rings of Jupiter. Science 332:711–713
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kefalov V, Fu Y, Marsh-Armstrong N, Yau K-W (2003) Role of visual pigment properties in rod and cone phototransduction. Nature 425:526–531

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Burkinshaw SM (2016) Physico-chemical Aspects of Textile Coloration. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Chen X (michael) (2015) Stochastic Evolutions of Dynamic Traffic Flow: Modeling and Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Mukhamedov F, Ganikhodjaev N (2015) Analytic Methods in the Theory of Quadratic Stochastic Processes. In: Ganikhodjaev N (ed) Quantum Quadratic Operators and Processes. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 61–84

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurological Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) New Test Detects Fatal Brain Disease Earlier And More Accurately Than Previous Methods. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009) Telecommunications: Current Broadband Measures Have Limitations and New Measures Are Promising but Need Improvement. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Morton WG (2015) Isolating mycorrhizal fungi from Spiranthes vernalis for subsequent in vitro seed germination. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nordland R, Kanter J (2016) Turkey and E.U. Near Breaking Point in Talks on Membership. New York Times A4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurological Sciences
AbbreviationNeurol. Sci.
ISSN (print)1590-1874
ISSN (online)1590-3478
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Clinical Neurology
Psychiatry and Mental health

Other styles