How to format your references using the Neurodegenerative Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurodegenerative Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Foster KR. Biomedicine. Hamiltonian medicine: why the social lives of pathogens matter. Science. 2005 May;308(5726):1269–70.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Anderson MJ, Dixson AF. Sperm competition: motility and the midpiece in primates. Nature. 2002 Apr;416(6880):496.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Noskov SY, Bernèche S, Roux B. Control of ion selectivity in potassium channels by electrostatic and dynamic properties of carbonyl ligands. Nature. 2004 Oct;431(7010):830–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Kang D, Guo Y, Ren C, Zhao F, Feng Y, Han X, et al. Population structure and spatial pattern of main tree species in secondary Betula platyphylla forest in Ziwuling Mountains, China. Sci Rep. 2014 Nov;4:6873.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Ahamed SV. Intelligent Internet Knowledge Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
1
Gibbs D, Zajda J, editors. Comparative Information Technology: Languages, Societies and the Internet. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Ghigi N. History as the Unveiling of the Telos. the Husserlian Critique of the Wel Tanschauungen. In: Tymieniecka A-T, editor. Logos of Phenomenology and Phenomenology of the Logos. Book Three: Logos of History - Logos of Life. Historicity, Time, Nature, Communication, Consciousness, Alterity, Culture. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006; pp 79–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurodegenerative Diseases.

Blog post
1
O`Callaghan J. Astronomers Have Found New Evidence That We Live In A Void [Internet]. IFLScience. 2017 Jun

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Review of the Administration of Research and Demonstration Grants by the Rehabilitation Services Administration. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Khojandi N. Investigating Secondary Infections and their Impact on Host Fitness in the Dictyostelium-Burkholderia Symbiosis System. 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Sisario B. DJ Khaled Spends A 2nd Week on Top. New York Times. 2017 Jul;C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurodegenerative Diseases
AbbreviationNeurodegener. Dis.
ISSN (print)1660-2854
ISSN (online)1660-2862
ScopeClinical Neurology
Neurology

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