How to format your references using the Neurodegenerative Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurodegenerative Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P. Making the switch. Nature. 2004 Aug;430(7001):811.
A journal article with 2 authors
Spero HJ, Lea DW. The cause of carbon isotope minimum events on glacial terminations. Science. 2002 Apr;296(5567):522–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bryden HL, McDonagh EL, King BA. Changes in ocean water mass properties: oscillations or trends? Science. 2003 Jun;300(5628):2086–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Michaelis J, Hettich C, Mlynek J, Sandoghdar V V. Optical microscopy using a single-molecule light source. Nature. 2000 May;405(6784):325–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tolin DF, Worden BL, Wootton BM, Gilliam CM. CBT for Hoarding Disorder. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
Papathanassis A, editor. Cruise Business Development: Safety, Product Design and Human Capital. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Liu C. QTL Mapping of Molecular Traits for Studies of Human Complex Diseases. In: Shugart YY, editor. Applied Computational Genomics. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012; pp 61–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurodegenerative Diseases.

Blog post
Davis J. The Loss Of Large Herbivores Can Alter Ecosystems For Thousands Of Years [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 Oct


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Costs of Government Funded Trips for Invitees To Attend Space Shuttle Launches at Kennedy Space Center, Florida. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1984.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCahill TP. Teacher perceptions of response to intervention for English learners. 2014

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Loomis G. Opera of the Soul, Sparsely Staged. New York Times. 2012 Dec;0.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurodegenerative Diseases
AbbreviationNeurodegener. Dis.
ISSN (print)1660-2854
ISSN (online)1660-2862
ScopeClinical Neurology

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