How to format your references using the Neurochemistry International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurochemistry International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Diebold, A.C., 2005. Applied physics. Subsurface imaging with scanning ultrasound holography. Science 310, 61–62.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu, C.-Y., Bard, A.J., 2002. Pressure-induced insulator conductor transition in a photoconducting organic liquid-crystal film. Nature 418, 162–164.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yu, D.Y.W., Hoster, H.E., Batabyal, S.K., 2014. Bulk antimony sulfide with excellent cycle stability as next-generation anode for lithium-ion batteries. Sci. Rep. 4, 4562.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Burt, R.K., Abinun, M., Farge-Bancel, D., Fassas, A., Hiepe, F., Havrdová, E., Ikehara, S., Loh, Y., Marmont du Haut Champ, A., Voltarelli, J.C., Snowden, J., Slavin, S., 2010. Risks of immune system treatments. Science 328, 825–826.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wegener, E., 2003. Montagegerechte Anlagenplanung. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Peron, R., Colpi, M., Gorini, V., Moschella, U. (Eds.), 2016. Gravity: Where Do We Stand?, 1st ed. 2016. ed. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Scott, J., Stoeckli, E., 2012. Skin And Environment, in: Scott, J., Stoeckli, E. (Eds.), Neuromedia: Art and Neuroscience Research. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 117–144.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurochemistry International.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Scientists At Work: Tracing The Origin Of Ancient Water Flows On Mars In the Lab [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. FCC: Redesignating and Reallocating Frequency Bands and Establishing Rules and Policies for Local Multipoint Distribution Service and Fixed Satellite Services (No. OGC-96-44). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hawkins, S.H., 2017. Lung CT Radiomics: An Overview of Using Images as Data (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ruiz, R.R., Longman, J., 2016. Brazil’s Economic Woes Force Paralympic Cuts. New York Times D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Diebold, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Diebold, 2005; Liu and Bard, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liu and Bard, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Burt et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurochemistry International
AbbreviationNeurochem. Int.
ISSN (print)0197-0186
ScopeCell Biology
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Other styles