How to format your references using the Neurochemistry International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurochemistry International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sporn, M.B., 2011. Perspective: The big C - for Chemoprevention. Nature 471, S10-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bhalerao, S., Clandinin, T.R., 2012. Cell biology. Vitamin K2 takes charge. Science 336, 1241–1242.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bluestone, J.A., Herold, K., Eisenbarth, G., 2010. Genetics, pathogenesis and clinical interventions in type 1 diabetes. Nature 464, 1293–1300.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hillis, J.M., Ernst, M.O., Banks, M.S., Landy, M.S., 2002. Combining sensory information: mandatory fusion within, but not between, senses. Science 298, 1627–1630.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lehr, J., Ron, P., 2017. Foundations of Pulsed Power Technology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Matsui, M. (Ed.), 2009. Advances in Cryptology – ASIACRYPT 2009: 15th International Conference on the Theory and Application of Cryptology and Information Security, Tokyo, Japan, December 6-10, 2009. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Austin, J., Bentkover, J., Chait, L., 2016. Driving Successful Implementation, in: Austin, J., Bentkover, J., Chait, L. (Eds.), Leading Strategic Change in an Era of Healthcare Transformation, Management for Professionals. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 71–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurochemistry International.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. Magic Mushrooms Help Treat Existential Anxiety In Cancer Patients [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. The Case for National Testing (No. 145027). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carlson, L., 2010. From Albéniz to Arbós: The orchestration of “Iberia” (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M., 2017. Triumph and Tragedy by the Numbers. New York Times AR22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sporn, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Bhalerao and Clandinin, 2012; Sporn, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bhalerao and Clandinin, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Hillis et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurochemistry International
AbbreviationNeurochem. Int.
ISSN (print)0197-0186
ScopeCell Biology
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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