How to format your references using the Neurochemistry International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurochemistry International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Golombek, M.P., 2003. Planetary science. The surface of Mars: not just dust and rocks. Science 300, 2043–2044.
A journal article with 2 authors
Czakó, G., Bowman, J.M., 2011. Dynamics of the reaction of methane with chlorine atom on an accurate potential energy surface. Science 334, 343–346.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, Z.-Z., Zhang, F.-C., Wang, Q.-H., 2014. Majorana modes in a topological insulator/s-wave superconductor heterostructure. Sci. Rep. 4, 6363.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Davidson, G., Wu, W., Shen, J., Bilic, J., Fenger, U., Stannek, P., Glinka, A., Niehrs, C., 2005. Casein kinase 1 gamma couples Wnt receptor activation to cytoplasmic signal transduction. Nature 438, 867–872.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paterson, S., Tobias, K., 2012. Atlas of ear diseases of the dog and cat. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,., West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Festel, G., Oels, U., Kreimeyer, A., Zedtwitz, M. von (Eds.), 2005. The Chemical and Pharmaceutical Industry in China: Opportunities and Threats for Foreign Companies. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Guo-hao, D., Hua, L., Jian-Xia, L., Jin-Zhi, F., 2014. Parallel Solver for Hypersonic Flow Based on Block-Structured Grid, in: Li, K., Xiao, Z., Wang, Y., Du, J., Li, Keqin (Eds.), Parallel Computational Fluid Dynamics: 25th International Conference, ParCFD 2013, Changsha, China, May 20-24, 2013. Revised Selected Papers, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 37–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurochemistry International.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Nearby Exoplanet’s Hellish Atmosphere Measured [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. EOS Data Policy: Questions Remain About U.S. Commercial Access (No. IMTEC-92-44). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Arnold, D.M., 2017. An Examination of Job Satisfaction Among Full-Time Faculty in a Selected Mississippi Community College (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2017. Don’t Cry, Baby Monkeys. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Golombek, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Czakó and Bowman, 2011; Golombek, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Czakó and Bowman, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Davidson et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurochemistry International
AbbreviationNeurochem. Int.
ISSN (print)0197-0186
ScopeCell Biology
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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