How to format your references using the Neurochemistry International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurochemistry International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dolgin, E., 2011. Stem cells: Transplants on trial. Nature 480, S46-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nesbit, J., Norman, C., 2011. 2010 Visualization Challenge. Science 331, 847–856.
A journal article with 3 authors
Park, S.T., Kim, S.K., Kim, M.S., 2002. Observation of conformation-specific pathways in the photodissociation of 1-iodopropane ions. Nature 415, 306–308.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gasser, S., Orsulic, S., Brown, E.J., Raulet, D.H., 2005. The DNA damage pathway regulates innate immune system ligands of the NKG2D receptor. Nature 436, 1186–1190.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Klöpffer, W., 2012. Verhalten und Abbau von Umweltchemikalien. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Arthur, W., 2015. A Practical Guide to TPM 2.0: Using the New Trusted Platform Module in the New Age of Security. Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Guo, W., Labrosse, G., Narayanan, R., 2012. Steady Two-Dimensional (2D) Heat Conduction Problems, in: Labrosse, G., Narayanan, R. (Eds.), The Application of the Chebyshev-Spectral Method in Transport Phenomena, Lecture Notes in Applied and Computational Mechanics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 75–111.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurochemistry International.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Human Quadrupeds Are Not Examples of Devolution [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1982. Trends in Evaluation (No. 118591). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Torres Garcia, A.C., 2015. The Impact of Health Insurance Coverage on the Use of Preventive Health Services and Healthy Behaviors: Evidence from Mexico’s Public Health Insurance Program “Seguro Popular” (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S., 2017. Yuri Drozdov, 91, Top Spy For K.G.B. Who Planted Agents Around the Globe. New York Times B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dolgin, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Dolgin, 2011; Nesbit and Norman, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nesbit and Norman, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Gasser et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurochemistry International
AbbreviationNeurochem. Int.
ISSN (print)0197-0186
ScopeCell Biology
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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