How to format your references using the Neurochemistry International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurochemistry International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kump, L.R., 2009. Atmospheric science. Tipping pointedly colder. Science 323, 1175–1176.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pollard, P.J., Ratcliffe, P.J., 2009. Cancer. Puzzling patterns of predisposition. Science 324, 192–194.
A journal article with 3 authors
Foote, A.D., Osborne, R.W., Hoelzel, A.R., 2004. Environment: whale-call response to masking boat noise. Nature 428, 910.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Burlaga, L.F., Ness, N.F., Acuña, M.H., Lepping, R.P., Connerney, J.E.P., Stone, E.C., McDonald, F.B., 2005. Crossing the termination shock into the heliosheath: magnetic fields. Science 309, 2027–2029.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cauvin, C., Escobar, F., Serradj, A., 2010. Cartography and the Impact of the Quantitative Revolution. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Nickerson, A.B., 2009. Identifying, Assessing, and Treating PTSD at School, Developmental Psychopathology at School. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Horváth, L., Rudas, I.J., 2015. Intelligent Content for Product Definition in RFLP Structure, in: Fujita, H., Selamat, A. (Eds.), Intelligent Software Methodologies, Tools and Techniques: 13th International Conference, SoMeT 2014, Langkawi, Malaysia, September 22-24, 2014. Revised Selected Papers, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 55–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurochemistry International.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Most People Think ‘Man’ When They Think ‘Scientist’ – How Can We Kill The Stereotype? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2013. Use of Remanufactured Parts in the Federal Vehicle Fleet Is Based On a Variety of Factors (No. GAO-13-316R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davenport, C.S., 2017. Dynamic Modeling Framework to Predict Instantaneous Status of a Tractor-Dolly System (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marx, L., 2016. After a Clumsy First Kiss, Making Out Just Fine. New York Times ST17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kump, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Kump, 2009; Pollard and Ratcliffe, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pollard and Ratcliffe, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Burlaga et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurochemistry International
AbbreviationNeurochem. Int.
ISSN (print)0197-0186
ScopeCell Biology
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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