How to format your references using the Neurochemistry International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurochemistry International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fuchs, E., 2007. Scratching the surface of skin development. Nature 445, 834–842.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kingston, T., Rossiter, S.J., 2004. Harmonic-hopping in Wallacea’s bats. Nature 429, 654–657.
A journal article with 3 authors
Depew, M.J., Lufkin, T., Rubenstein, J.L.R., 2002. Specification of jaw subdivisions by Dlx genes. Science 298, 381–385.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang, M., Wang, C., Otto, T.D., Oberstaller, J., Liao, X., Adapa, S.R., Udenze, K., Bronner, I.F., Casandra, D., Mayho, M., Brown, J., Li, S., Swanson, J., Rayner, J.C., Jiang, R.H.Y., Adams, J.H., 2018. Uncovering the essential genes of the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum by saturation mutagenesis. Science 360.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gerardi, M.H., 2010. Troubleshooting the Sequencing Batch Reactor. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Wiley, R.G., Lappi, D.A. (Eds.), 2005. Molecular Neurosurgery With Targeted Toxins. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ.
A chapter in an edited book
Hoedt, E., Zhang, G., Neubert, T.A., 2014. Stable Isotope Labeling by Amino Acids in Cell Culture (SILAC) for Quantitative Proteomics, in: Woods, A.G., Darie, C.C. (Eds.), Advancements of Mass Spectrometry in Biomedical Research, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 93–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurochemistry International.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Explainer: Why Rosetta Comet Mission is Such a Big Deal [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1975. Project Head Start: Achievements and Problems (No. MWD-75-51). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mark, M., 2017. A peer mentorship program for youth transitioning out of foster care: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B., 2016. Listen for the Ball, Then Try to Stop It. New York Times B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fuchs, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Fuchs, 2007; Kingston and Rossiter, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kingston and Rossiter, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurochemistry International
AbbreviationNeurochem. Int.
ISSN (print)0197-0186
ScopeCell Biology
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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