How to format your references using the Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Coward, F. (2008). Archaeology. Standing on the shoulders of giants. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5869), 1493–1495.
A journal article with 2 authors
Arndt, M., & Brand, C. (2015). QUANTUM MECHANICS. Interference of atomic clocks. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6253), 1168–1169.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xu, N., Tsai, C.-L., & Lee, J. T. (2006). Transient homologous chromosome pairing marks the onset of X inactivation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5764), 1149–1152.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Nemani, R. R., Keeling, C. D., Hashimoto, H., Jolly, W. M., Piper, S. C., Tucker, C. J., Myneni, R. B., & Running, S. W. (2003). Climate-driven increases in global terrestrial net primary production from 1982 to 1999. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5625), 1560–1563.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Samuels, J. (2015). The Trader’s Pendulum. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lavi, R. (Ed.). (2014). Algorithmic Game Theory: 7th International Symposium, SAGT 2014, Haifa, Israel, September 30 – October 2, 2014. Proceedings (Vol. 8768). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kurtz, J., & Wortman, B. (2014). Building the Environment and Creating the Source Tree. In B. Wortman (Ed.), ASP.NET Web API 2: Building a REST Service from Start to Finish (pp. 31–47). Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013, December 31). Just 1/3 of Americans “believe” in the theory of evolution by natural selection. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Adolph T. Samuelson, 1946-1975 (OP-11-OH). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Choi, Y.-J. (2003). Function of Commissureless and Related Genes in Drosophila Neural Development [Doctoral dissertation]. Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bromwich, J. E., & Stack, L. (2016, June 30). ‘Serial’ Podcast Figure Gets New Trial in a Murder He Says He Didn’t Commit. New York Times, A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Coward, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Arndt & Brand, 2015; Coward, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Arndt & Brand, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Xu et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Nemani et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hospitality and Tourism Management
AbbreviationJ. Hosp. Tour. Manag.
ISSN (print)1447-6770
ScopeTourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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