How to format your references using the Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ramirez, A. P. (2007). Applied physics. Oxide electronics emerge. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5817), 1377–1378.
A journal article with 2 authors
Temel, Y., & Jahanshahi, A. (2015). Neuroscience. Treating brain disorders with neuromodulation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 347(6229), 1418–1419.
A journal article with 3 authors
Johnson, K. S., Riser, S. C., & Karl, D. M. (2010). Nitrate supply from deep to near-surface waters of the North Pacific subtropical gyre. Nature, 465(7301), 1062–1065.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ji, Q., Ji, S.-A., Cheng, Y.-N., You, H.-L., Lü, J.-C., Liu, Y.-Q., & Yuan, C.-X. (2004). Palaeontology: pterosaur egg with a leathery shell. Nature, 432(7017), 572.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hill, R., & Solt, G. (2010). Engineering Money. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Korolev, G. V. (2009). Three-Dimensional Free-Radical Polymerization: Cross-Linked and Hyper-Branched Polymers (M. M. Mogilevich, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hongbo, S., Liye, C., Gang, X., Kun, Y., Lihua, Z., & Junna, S. (2011). Progress in Phytoremediating Heavy-Metal Contaminated Soils. In I. Sherameti & A. Varma (Eds.), Detoxification of Heavy Metals (pp. 73–90). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, January 20). Chimpanzees use hand gestures to locate food. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2012). Organizational Transformation: Enterprise Architecture Value Needs to Be Measured and Reported (GAO-12-791). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tegtmeier, T. (2009). Science-related attitudes of urban middle school students [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2008, April 27). Homey Food That Speaks Of Brazil. New York Times, NJ22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ramirez, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Ramirez, 2007; Temel & Jahanshahi, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Temel & Jahanshahi, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Johnson et al., 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ji et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hospitality and Tourism Management
AbbreviationJ. Hosp. Tour. Manag.
ISSN (print)1447-6770
ScopeTourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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