How to format your references using the Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brandenberger, R. (2007). Astronomy. A texture in the sky? Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5856), 1560–1561.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shohat, S., & Shifman, S. (2014). Bias towards large genes in autism. Nature, 512(7512), E1-2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chiappe, L. M., Salgado, L., & Coria, R. A. (2001). Embryonic skulls of titanosaur sauropod dinosaurs. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5539), 2444–2446.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Olsen, S. M., Hansen, B., Quadfasel, D., & Østerhus, S. (2008). Observed and modelled stability of overflow across the Greenland-Scotland ridge. Nature, 455(7212), 519–522.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Attoh-Okine, N. O. (2017). Big Data and Differential Privacy. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gero, J. S. (Ed.). (2015). Studying Visual and Spatial Reasoning for Design Creativity. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Kulikowski, J. L. (2012). Human Activity Supporting by Deontological Knowledgebases. In Z. S. Hippe, J. L. Kulikowski, & T. Mroczek (Eds.), Human – Computer Systems Interaction: Backgrounds and Applications 2: Part 1 (pp. 67–83). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, April 28). Scientists Discover How To “Switch Off” Hunger. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). Health Information Technology: More Detailed Plans Needed for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Redesigned BioSense Program (GAO-09-100). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Than, K. (2015). The impact of companion pets on the well-being of older adults [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nossiter, A. (2007, September 28). Rare Supreme Court Stay Halts a Texas Execution. New York Times, A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brandenberger, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Brandenberger, 2007; Shohat & Shifman, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shohat & Shifman, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Chiappe et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Olsen et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hospitality and Tourism Management
AbbreviationJ. Hosp. Tour. Manag.
ISSN (print)1447-6770
ScopeTourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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