How to format your references using the Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Berkman, P. A. (2009). International spaces promote peace. Nature, 462(7272), 412–413.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kroymann, J., & Mitchell-Olds, T. (2005). Epistasis and balanced polymorphism influencing complex trait variation. Nature, 435(7038), 95–98.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rosenthal, Y., Linsley, B. K., & Oppo, D. W. (2013). Pacific Ocean heat content during the past 10,000 years. Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6158), 617–621.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zwally, H. J., Abdalati, W., Herring, T., Larson, K., Saba, J., & Steffen, K. (2002). Surface melt-induced acceleration of Greenland ice-sheet flow. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5579), 218–222.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Batten, L. M. (2013). Public Key Cryptography. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gustafson, J. P., Taylor, J., & Stacey, G. (Eds.). (2008). Genomics of Disease. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rao, R. V., & Savsani, V. J. (2012). Applications of Modified Optimization Algorithms to the Unconstrained and Constrained Problems. In V. J. Savsani (Ed.), Mechanical Design Optimization Using Advanced Optimization Techniques (pp. 69–121). London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, November 23). Dino-Killing Asteroid Impact Made 20-Kilometer-High Central Mountain Almost Instantly. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Surface Transportation: Department of Transportation Should Measure the Overall Performance and Outcomes of the TIGER Discretionary Grant Program (No. GAO-14-766). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lord, V. (2015). Defining eating disorder recovery: A qualitative approach (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, S. (2015, March 12). High Spirits on the Intracoastal. New York Times, p. TR10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Berkman, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Berkman, 2009; Kroymann & Mitchell-Olds, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kroymann & Mitchell-Olds, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Rosenthal, Linsley, & Oppo, 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zwally et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hospitality and Tourism Management
AbbreviationJ. Hosp. Tour. Manag.
ISSN (print)1447-6770
ScopeTourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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