How to format your references using the Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sime, L. C. (2014). Climate. Greenland deglaciation puzzles. Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6201), 1116–1117.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hone, J., & Carpick, R. W. (2015). Friction. Slippery when dry. Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6239), 1087–1088.
A journal article with 3 authors
Heymann, D. L., Sutter, R. W., & Aylward, R. B. (2005). A global call for new polio vaccines. Nature, 434(7034), 699–700.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bellouin, N., Boucher, O., Haywood, J., & Reddy, M. S. (2005). Global estimate of aerosol direct radiative forcing from satellite measurements. Nature, 438(7071), 1138–1141.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barnett, A. H., & Grice, J. (2011). New Mechanisms in Glucose Control. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mali, O. (2014). Accuracy Verification Methods: Theory and Algorithms (P. Neittaanmäki & S. Repin, Eds.; Vol. 32). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Lusk, E. (2007). New and Old Tools and Programming Models for High-Performance Computing. In F. Cappello, T. Herault, & J. Dongarra (Eds.), Recent Advances in Parallel Virtual Machine and Message Passing Interface: 14th European PVM/MPI User’s Group Meeting, Paris, France, September 30 - October 3, 2007. Proceedings (pp. 7–7). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016, October 26). Robots To The Rescue Of The Great Barrier Reef. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Transit Grants: Department of Labor’s Certification Process (T-RCED-00-157). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Morrison, C. (2009). Who am I? Identity formation of children in foster care: A curriculum development [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2012, June 26). Saudi Team Is Opened to Women. New York Times, B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sime, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Hone & Carpick, 2015; Sime, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hone & Carpick, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Heymann et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Bellouin et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hospitality and Tourism Management
AbbreviationJ. Hosp. Tour. Manag.
ISSN (print)1447-6770
ScopeTourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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