How to format your references using the Neurobiology of Disease citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurobiology of Disease. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lunshof, J., 2015. Regulate gene editing in wild animals. Nature 521, 127.
A journal article with 2 authors
Haque, S.A., Nelson, J., 2010. Physics. Toward organic all-optical switching. Science 327, 1466–1467.
A journal article with 3 authors
Baldwin, M.P., Dameris, M., Shepherd, T.G., 2007. Atmosphere. How will the stratosphere affect climate change? Science 316, 1576–1577.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Waks, E., Inoue, K., Santori, C., Fattal, D., Vuckovic, J., Solomon, G.S., Yamamoto, Y., 2002. Secure communication: quantum cryptography with a photon turnstile. Nature 420, 762.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Somjit, N., Robertson, I., Chongcheawchamnan, M., 2016. Microwave and Millimetre-Wave Design for Wireless Communications. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Thiessen, D., Cook-Sather, A. (Eds.), 2007. International Handbook of Student Experience in Elementary and Secondary School. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Nikolay, B., 2014. Modeling Development of Deep Horizons of Open Pits, in: Drebenstedt, C., Singhal, R. (Eds.), Mine Planning and Equipment Selection: Proceedings of the 22nd MPES Conference, Dresden, Germany, 14th – 19th October 2013. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 43–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurobiology of Disease.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2017. Newly Discovered Glass Frog Shows Off Its Beating Heart [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Federal Research: Information on the Advanced Technology Program’s 1997 Award Selection (No. RCED-98-82R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chan, J.A., 2014. An in-home visitation program for Meals-on-Wheels recipients: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schmidt, M.S., 2013. Car Chase, White House To Capitol, Has Fatal End. New York Times A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lunshof, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Haque and Nelson, 2010; Lunshof, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Haque and Nelson, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Waks et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurobiology of Disease
AbbreviationNeurobiol. Dis.
ISSN (print)0969-9961

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