How to format your references using the Neurobiology of Disease citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurobiology of Disease. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tyran, J.-R., 2007. Economics. Money illusion and the market. Science 317, 1042–1043.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hammond, E.M., Giaccia, A.J., 2002. Antiangiogenic therapy and p53. Science 297, 471; discussion 471.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bluestone, J.A., Herold, K., Eisenbarth, G., 2010. Genetics, pathogenesis and clinical interventions in type 1 diabetes. Nature 464, 1293–1300.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhao, Z., Zhang, Y., Chen, S., Quan, X., Yu, Q., 2014. Bioelectrochemical enhancement of anaerobic methanogenesis for high organic load rate wastewater treatment in a up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor. Sci. Rep. 4, 6658.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ming, D., Glasser, D., Hildebrandt, D., Glasser, B., Metzer, M., 2016. Attainable Region Theory. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Lehnert, R. (Ed.), 2011. Energy-Aware Communications: 17th International Workshop, EUNICE 2011, Dresden, Germany, September 5-7, 2011. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Matsumoto, A., Szidarovszky, F., 2016. Existence of EquilibriaExistence of equilibria, in: Szidarovszky, F. (Ed.), Game Theory and Its Applications. Springer Japan, Tokyo, pp. 53–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurobiology of Disease.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. Google’s Self-Driving Car Now Knows When To Honk Its Horn [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2013. Community Colleges: New Federal Research Center May Enhance Current Understanding of Developmental Education (No. GAO-13-656). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alla, B., 2017. Wellbore Stability Analysis of Sanish Field using 3-D Finite Element Model: Bakken Case Study (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L., 2007. Board Renewing Searches By Trained Dogs at School. New York Times 14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tyran, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Hammond and Giaccia, 2002; Tyran, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hammond and Giaccia, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhao et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurobiology of Disease
AbbreviationNeurobiol. Dis.
ISSN (print)0969-9961

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