How to format your references using the Neural Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neural Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Dickson D. Weaving a social web. Nature. 2001;414:587.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Shang Y, Brown M. Molecular determinants for the tissue specificity of SERMs. Science. 2002;295:2465–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Saeed Y, Singh N, Schwingenschlögl U. Superior thermoelectric response in the 3R phases of hydrated NaxRhO2. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4390.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Chen L, Jiao Z-H, Zheng L-S, Zhang Y-Y, Xie S-T, Wang Z-X, et al. Structural insight into the autoinhibition mechanism of AMP-activated protein kinase. Nature. 2009;459:1146–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Baher H. Signal Processing and Integrated Circuits. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
1. Krenk S. Statics and Mechanics of Structures. Høgsberg J, editor. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Alvim MS, Andrés ME, Chatzikokolakis K, Palamidessi C. On the Relation between Differential Privacy and Quantitative Information Flow. In: Aceto L, Henzinger M, Sgall J, editors. Automata, Languages and Programming: 38th International Colloquium, ICALP 2011, Zurich, Switzerland, July 4-8, 2011, Proceedings, Part II. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 60–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neural Development.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. What Would The Earth Look Like If All The Ice Melted? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/what-would-earth-look-if-all-ice-melted/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Results Act: Observations on NASA’s May 1997 Draft Strategic Plan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 Jul. Report No.: NSIAD-97-205R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Lee S. The Influence of Product Involvement and Fan Identification on Response to Team Sponsors’ Products [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2005.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Brantley B. Deluded, Yet So Reasonable. New York Times. 2017 Jun 7;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeural Development
AbbreviationNeural Dev.
ISSN (online)1749-8104
ScopeDevelopmental Neuroscience

Other styles