How to format your references using the Neural Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neural Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Ballentine CJ. Geochemistry. Tiny tracers tell tall tales. Science. 2002;296:1247–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Yagi K, Yunes N. I-Love-Q: unexpected universal relations for neutron stars and quark stars. Science. 2013;341:365–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Goda K, Tsia KK, Jalali B. Serial time-encoded amplified imaging for real-time observation of fast dynamic phenomena. Nature. 2009;458:1145–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Aoki SK, Diner EJ, de Roodenbeke CT, Burgess BR, Poole SJ, Braaten BA, et al. A widespread family of polymorphic contact-dependent toxin delivery systems in bacteria. Nature. 2010;468:439–42.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Saksena FB. Color Atlas of Local and Systemic Signs of Cardiovascular Disease. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
1. Uebel TE. Otto Neurath Economic Writings Selections 1904–1945. Cohen RS, editor. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Perez-Felkner L. Socialization in Childhood and Adolescence. In: DeLamater J, Ward A, editors. Handbook of Social Psychology. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013. p. 119–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neural Development.

Blog post
1. Hale T. India Has Planted Nearly 50 Million Trees In 24 Hours [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Social Security Administration: Agency Must Position Itself Now to Meet Profound Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002 May. Report No.: GAO-02-289T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Warren JS. Trust in immediate supervisor, trust in top management, organizational trust precursors: Predictors of organizational effectiveness [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kenigsberg B. Out of Iraq, Still Scanning for Roadside Bombs in Kansas. New York Times. 2017 Oct 26;C9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeural Development
AbbreviationNeural Dev.
ISSN (online)1749-8104
ScopeDevelopmental Neuroscience

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