How to format your references using the Neural Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neural Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Gorte RJ. CHEMICAL ENGINEERING. Cooling down ceramic fuel cells. Science. 2015;349:1290.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Makinoshima H, Glickman MS. Regulation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis cell envelope composition and virulence by intramembrane proteolysis. Nature. 2005;436:406–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Bandyopadhyay PR, Leinhos HA, Hellum AM. Handedness helps homing in swimming and flying animals. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1128.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Yatsui T, Imoto T, Mochizuki T, Kitamura K, Kawazoe T. Dressed-photon-phonon (DPP)-assisted visible- and infrared-light water splitting. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4561.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Nicu L, Leïchlé T. Micro- and Nanoelectromechanical Biosensors. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Caccavale F. Control and Monitoring of Chemical Batch Reactors. Iamarino M, Pierri F, Tufano V, editors. London: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Haroun R. Philosophical and Spiritual Roots of Aikido. In: Wagner W, editor. AiKiDô: The Trinity of Conflict Transformation. Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden; 2015. p. 87–113.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neural Development.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Restoring And Conserving Nature In The Anthropocene Means Changing Our Idea Of Success [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/restoring-and-conserving-nature-anthropocene-means-changing-our-idea-success/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Pipeline Safety and Security: Improved Workforce Planning and Communication Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002 Aug. Report No.: GAO-02-785.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Brown MH. An Examination of Executive Function, Stress, and Adolescent Attachment to Caregivers in a Social Neuroscience Model Using the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (SECCYD) [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Alderman L. Romanian’s Tale Has Art World Fearing Worst. New York Times. 2013 Jul 19;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeural Development
AbbreviationNeural Dev.
ISSN (online)1749-8104
ScopeDevelopmental Neuroscience

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