How to format your references using the Composites Part A citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Composites Part A. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lee R. The outlook for population growth. Science 2011;333:569–73.
A journal article with 2 authors
May M, Brody H. Nature Index 2015 Global. Nature 2015;522:S1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zavatta A, Viciani S, Bellini M. Quantum-to-classical transition with single-photon-added coherent states of light. Science 2004;306:660–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wei D-J, Liu Q, Zhang H-X, Hu Y, Deng Y, Mahadevan S. Box-covering algorithm for fractal dimension of weighted networks. Sci Rep 2013;3:3049.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kasper S, Montgomery S. Treatment-resistant Depression. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons; 2013.
An edited book
Tscheligi M, Obrist M, Lugmayr A, editors. Changing Television Environments: 6th European Conference, EUROITV 2008, Salzburg, Austria, July 3-4, 2008 Proceedings. vol. 5066. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Pistone G, Vicario G. Design for Computer Experiments: Comparing and Generating Designs in Kriging Models. In: Erto P, editor. Statistics for Innovation: Statistical Design of “Continuous” Product Innovation, Milano: Springer; 2009, p. 91–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Composites Part A.

Blog post
Andrew E. What Happens During Sleep? IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: Emergency Revocation Orders of Air Carrier Certificates. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCarthy AC. Tangle towns tie-breaker: A multidimensional knapsack study. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B. Nadal and Federer Steady a Collision Course. New York Times 2017:SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComposites Part A
AbbreviationCompos. Part A Appl. Sci. Manuf.
ISSN (print)1359-835X
ScopeMechanics of Materials
Ceramics and Composites

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