How to format your references using the Composites Part A citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Composites Part A. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Koentges G. Journal club. A genomic systems biologist muses on how shared DNA mistakes reveal shared cellular ancestry. Nature 2010;467:255.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Wilson RI, Nicoll RA. Endogenous cannabinoids mediate retrograde signalling at hippocampal synapses. Nature 2001;410:588–92.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Nakagome S, Mano S, Hasegawa M. Comment on “Nuclear genomic sequences reveal that polar bears are an old and distinct bear lineage.” Science 2013;339:1522.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Vöhringer-Martinez E, Hansmann B, Hernandez-Soto H, Hernandez H, Francisco JS, Troe J, et al. Water catalysis of a radical-molecule gas-phase reaction. Science 2007;315:497–501.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Bielecki TR, Brigo D, Patras F. Credit Risk Frontiers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Koops B-J, Oosterlaken I, Romijn H, Swierstra T, van den Hoven J, editors. Responsible Innovation 2: Concepts, Approaches, and Applications. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Muñoz P, Giner P, Pelechano V. Refining Interaction Designs through Simplicity. In: Ruyter B de, Wichert R, Keyson DV, Markopoulos P, Streitz N, Divitini M, et al., editors. Ambient Intelligence: First International Joint Conference, AmI 2010, Malaga, Spain, November 10-12, 2010. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010, p. 31–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Composites Part A.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Scientists Discover “Reset Button” For The Body’s Biological Clock. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/scientists-discover-reset-button-bodys-biological-clock/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Technology Transfer: Federal Agencies’ Patent Licensing Activities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Ramakrishnan L. Multi-level adaptation for performability in dynamic web service workflows. Doctoral dissertation. Indiana University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Goldstein J, Schwirtz M. U.S. Accuses 2 Rabbis of Kidnapping Husbands for a Fee. New York Times 2013:A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComposites Part A
AbbreviationCompos. Part A Appl. Sci. Manuf.
ISSN (print)1359-835X
ScopeMechanics of Materials
Ceramics and Composites

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