How to format your references using the Netherlands Heart Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Netherlands Heart Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Kump LR. Reducing uncertainty about carbon dioxide as a climate driver. Nature. 2002;419:188–90.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Gaudioso J, Salerno RM. Science and government. Biosecurity and research: minimizing adverse impacts. Science. 2004;304:687.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Milly PCD, Dunne KA, Vecchia AV. Global pattern of trends in streamflow and water availability in a changing climate. Nature. 2005;438:347–50.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Wang D, Zhu W, Best MD, Camden JP, Crozier KB. Wafer-scale metasurface for total power absorption, local field enhancement and single molecule Raman spectroscopy. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2867.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Joyner M. Integration Marketing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
1. Bertogna M, Pinho LM, Quiñones E, editors. Reliable Software Technologies – Ada-Europe 2016: 21st Ada-Europe International Conference on Reliable Software Technologies, Pisa, Italy, June 13-17, 2016, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Skeen J. Predator–Prey Relationships: What Humans Can Learn from Horses about Being Whole. In: Blazina C, Boyraz G, Shen-Miller D, editors. The Psychology of the Human-Animal Bond: A Resource for Clinicians and Researchers. New York, NY: Springer; 2011. p. 81–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Netherlands Heart Journal.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. Can Stem Cell Therapy Really Treat Multiple Sclerosis? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/can-stem-cell-therapy-really-treat-multiple-sclerosis/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. University Research: Controlling Inappropriate Access to Federally Funded Research Results. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 May. Report No.: RCED-92-104.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Schmidt MP. Being here [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Senior J. My Cousin The Soldier And Robber. New York Times. 2017 Sep 6;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNetherlands Heart Journal
AbbreviationNeth. Heart J.
ISSN (print)1568-5888
ISSN (online)1876-6250
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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