How to format your references using the Nephron Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nephron Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker AC. Reef corals bleach to survive change. Nature. 2001 Jun;411(6839):765–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kleinteich T, Gorb SN. Tongue adhesion in the horned frog Ceratophrys sp. Sci Rep. 2014 Jun;4:5225.
A journal article with 3 authors
Thisse B, Wright CV, Thisse C. Activin- and Nodal-related factors control antero-posterior patterning of the zebrafish embryo. Nature. 2000 Jan;403(6768):425–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kromer B, Manning SW, Kuniholm PI, Newton MW, Spurk M, Levin I. Regional 14CO2 offsets in the troposphere: magnitude, mechanisms, and consequences. Science. 2001 Dec;294(5551):2529–32.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pepper G, Oliver MJ. The Liquidity Theory of Asset Prices. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
Kortenkamp U, Brandt B, Benz C, Krummheuer G, Ladel S, Vogel R, editors. Early Mathematics Learning: Selected Papers of the POEM 2012 Conference. New York, NY: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Weiss T, Diesing M, Krause M, Heinrich K, Hilbert A. Effective Visualizations of Energy Consumption in a Feedback System – A Conjoint Measurement Study. In: Abramowicz W, Alt R, Franczyk B, editors. Business Information Systems: 19th International Conference, BIS 2016, Leipzig, Germany, July, 6-8, 2016, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016; pp 55–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nephron Physiology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Work On Devastating Parasitic Diseases Wins Nobel Prize [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 Oct


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. NCAA Student Athlete Pell Grants. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Blanchard EJ. Legato trombone: A survey of pedagogical resources. 2010

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. Game Time Is Adjusted; Jewish School Will Play. New York Times. 2012 Mar;B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNephron Physiology
AbbreviationNephron Physiol.
ISSN (online)1660-2137
General Medicine
Physiology (medical)

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