How to format your references using the Nephron Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nephron Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bourzac K. Electronics: Back to analogue. Nature. 2012 Mar;483(7389):S34-6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cheney RE, Rodriguez OC. Cell biology. A switch to release the motor. Science. 2001 Aug;293(5533):1263–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
McAlonan K, Cavanaugh J, Wurtz RH. Guarding the gateway to cortex with attention in visual thalamus. Nature. 2008 Nov;456(7220):391–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Roushan P, Seo J, Parker CV, Hor YS, Hsieh D, Qian D, et al. Topological surface states protected from backscattering by chiral spin texture. Nature. 2009 Aug;460(7259):1106–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Matignon R. Data Mining Using SAS® Enterprise MinerTM. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2007.
An edited book
Elkadi M. Introduction à la résolution des systèmes polynomiaux. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Gentile C, Alsindi N, Raulefs R, Teolis C. Cellular Localization. In: Alsindi N, Raulefs R, Teolis C, editors. Geolocation Techniques: Principles and Applications. New York, NY: Springer; 2013; pp 137–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nephron Physiology.

Blog post
Luntz S. Neanderthal Immunity Genes Helped Us Conquer The Planet [Internet]. IFLScience. 2016 Nov


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Youth Job Training: Problems Measuring Attainment of Employment Competencies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E C-C. The syntax of comparative correlatives in Mandarin Chinese. 2014

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dorman JL. What Kal Penn Loves About Being in Toronto. New York Times. 2017 May;TR2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNephron Physiology
AbbreviationNephron Physiol.
ISSN (online)1660-2137
General Medicine
Physiology (medical)

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