How to format your references using the Nephron Clinical Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nephron Clinical Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Lawler A. ASIAN-AMERICAN SCIENTISTS: Harbinger of a Litigious Future? Science. 2000 Nov;290(5494):1076.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
McSweeney S, Fromme P. Crystallography: Sources of inspiration. Nature. 2014 Jan;505(7485):620–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Gao F, Ding Z, Meng S. Three-dimensional metal-intercalated covalent organic frameworks for near-ambient energy storage. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1882.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Perozo E, Cortes DM, Sompornpisut P, Kloda A, Martinac B. Open channel structure of MscL and the gating mechanism of mechanosensitive channels. Nature. 2002 Aug;418(6901):942–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Maksoud MA. Quick Reference to Dental Implant Surgery. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
1
Hamadi Y, Schoenauer M, editors. Learning and Intelligent Optimization: 6th International Conference, LION 6, Paris, France, January 16-20, 2012, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Marmureanu G, Cioflan CO, Marmureanu A, Manea EF. Main Characteristics of November 10, 1940 Strong Vrancea Earthquake in Seismological and Physics of Earthquake Terms. In: Vacareanu R, Ionescu C, editors. The 1940 Vrancea Earthquake. Issues, Insights and Lessons Learnt: Proceedings of the Symposium Commemorating 75 Years from November 10, 1940 Vrancea Earthquake. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016; pp 73–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nephron Clinical Practice.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. Google’s AI Can Dream, and Here’s What it Looks Like [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 Jun [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/artificial-intelligence-dreams/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Pipeline Safety:Collecting Data and Sharing Information on Federally Unregulated Gathering Pipelines Could Help Enhance Safety. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Necaise KW. Effects of soybean-derived phytoestrogens on reproductive tract development in neonatal male and female pigs: Animal model for the human infant. 2012

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Wagner J. Like Cubs, the Nationals Seek to End a Drought. New York Times. 2016 Oct;B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNephron Clinical Practice
AbbreviationNephron Clin. Pract.
ISSN (online)1660-2110
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Nephrology

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