How to format your references using the Nephron Clinical Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nephron Clinical Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marris E. India in demand. Nature. 2005 Feb;433(7028):902–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Weaver BAA, Cleveland DW. Comment on “A centrosome-independent role for gamma-TuRC proteins in the spindle assembly checkpoint.” Science. 2007 May;316(5827):982; author reply 982.
A journal article with 3 authors
Montague PR, Hyman SE, Cohen JD. Computational roles for dopamine in behavioural control. Nature. 2004 Oct;431(7010):760–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wen L, Chen Q, Sun F, Song S, Jin L, Yu Y. Theoretical design of multi-colored semi-transparent organic solar cells with both efficient color filtering and light harvesting. Sci Rep. 2014 Nov;4:7036.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grigg NS. Infrastructure Finance. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Krysko DV, Vandenabeele P, editors. Phagocytosis of Dying Cells: From Molecular Mechanisms to Human Diseases. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Keswani C, Bisen K, Singh SP, Sarma BK, Singh HB. A Proteomic Approach to Understand the Tripartite Interactions Between Plant-Trichoderma-Pathogen: Investigating the Potential for Efficient Biological Control. In: Hakeem KR, Akhtar MS, editors. Plant, Soil and Microbes: Volume 2: Mechanisms and Molecular Interactions. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016; pp 79–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nephron Clinical Practice.

Blog post
Davis J. Woman Gives Birth After Having Frozen Ovarian Tissue Re-Implanted In UK First [Internet]. IFLScience. 2016 Jul [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transportation and Telecommunications Reports and Testimony: May 1992 - April 1993. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gunderson CA. The Moderating Effect of Type of Target on the Relationship between Collective Rumination and Displaced Aggression. 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Itzkoff D, Bertsche R, Spitznagel E, Hodgman J, Henig S, Reeves H, et al. The One-Page Magazine. New York Times. 2012 Oct;MM17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNephron Clinical Practice
AbbreviationNephron Clin. Pract.
ISSN (online)1660-2110
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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