How to format your references using the Nephron Clinical Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nephron Clinical Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hildebrandt P. Biochemistry. More than fine tuning. Science. 2014 Dec;346(6216):1456–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Traverso G, Langer R. Perspective: Special delivery for the gut. Nature. 2015 Mar;519(7544):S19.
A journal article with 3 authors
Muraoka T, Kinbara K, Aida T. Mechanical twisting of a guest by a photoresponsive host. Nature. 2006 Mar;440(7083):512–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Volkov I, Banavar JR, Maritan A, Hubbell SP. Neutral theory: the stability of forest biodiversity. Nature. 2004 Feb;427(6976):696; discussion 696-7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Allen M. Foundations of Forensic Document Analysis. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
Valderrabano V, Easley M, editors. Foot and Ankle Sports Orthopaedics. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Gong Z, Lin Y, Yao T. Complementary Preference Relations of Triangular Fuzzy Numbers. In: Lin Y, Yao T, editors. Uncertain Fuzzy Preference Relations and Their Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013; pp 45–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nephron Clinical Practice.

Blog post
Fang J. Kiwi Bird Genome Reveals How They Adapted to Nocturnal Lifestyle [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 Jul


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Drug Abuse Control Program Activities in Okinawa. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1972.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tubbs MA. The use of hand-constructed graphs in Microcomputer-Based Laboratories for kinematics instruction. 2014

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. The Greenhouse Stays. Some of the Greenery Goes. New York Times. 2002 Oct;148.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNephron Clinical Practice
AbbreviationNephron Clin. Pract.
ISSN (online)1660-2110
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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