How to format your references using the Neonatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neonatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Epstein JM. Modelling to contain pandemics. Nature. 2009 Aug;460(7256):687.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang F, Lee D-H. The electron-pairing mechanism of iron-based superconductors. Science. 2011 Apr;332(6026):200–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Korkhov VM, Mireku SA, Locher KP. Structure of AMP-PNP-bound vitamin B12 transporter BtuCD-F. Nature. 2012 Oct;490(7420):367–72.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Alleman M, Sidorenko L, McGinnis K, Seshadri V, Dorweiler JE, White J, et al. An RNA-dependent RNA polymerase is required for paramutation in maize. Nature. 2006 Jul;442(7100):295–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Linacre AMT, Tobe SS. Wildlife DNA Analysis. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
Liao S. Migrating to Swift from Web Development. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Knödler K, Poland J, Merz P, Zell A. Using Memetic Algorithms for Optimal Calibration of Automotive Internal Combustion Engines. In: Hart WE, Smith JE, Krasnogor N, editors. Recent Advances in Memetic Algorithms. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005; pp 87–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neonatology.

Blog post
Fang J. Cod Collapse Linked To Rapidly Warming Gulf Waters [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 Oct


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. The Upcoming Transition: GAO’s Efforts to Assist the 111th Congress and the Next Administration. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
DeLima LE. Implementing an Innovative Educational Program in an Era of Accountability: An Interview Study of the Expeditionary Learning Program. 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sugin L. The Furtive Tax. New York Times. 2013 Apr;SR7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeonatology
ISSN (print)1661-7800
ISSN (online)1661-7819
ScopeDevelopmental Biology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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