How to format your references using the Neonatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neonatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Primorac D. Information technology. Innovating education in Croatia. Science. 2009 Jun;324(5935):1650.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sachs JP, Anderson RF. Increased productivity in the subantarctic ocean during Heinrich events. Nature. 2005 Apr;434(7037):1118–21.
A journal article with 3 authors
Altshuler D, Daly MJ, Lander ES. Genetic mapping in human disease. Science. 2008 Nov;322(5903):881–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Nieto P, Pijper E, Barredo D, Laurent G, Olsen RA, Baerends E-J, et al. Reactive and nonreactive scattering of H2 from a metal surface is electronically adiabatic. Science. 2006 Apr;312(5770):86–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Batten LM. Public Key Cryptography. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Hafler JP, editor. Extraordinary Learning in the Workplace. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Hamm P. Ultrafast Peptide and Protein Dynamics by Vibrational Spectroscopy. In: Braun M, Gilch P, Zinth W, editors. Ultrashort Laser Pulses in Biology and Medicine. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008; pp 77–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neonatology.

Blog post
Andrew E. New Species of Humpback Dolphin Discovered [Internet]. IFLScience. 2013 Oct [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Report to the Secretary, HEW, on the National Direct Student Loan Delinquency Rate. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Armstrong-Romero KA. Cultural influences and the impact of workplace bullying. 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M. Walking in Paint-Spattered Footsteps. New York Times. 2014 Jan;E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeonatology
ISSN (print)1661-7800
ISSN (online)1661-7819
ScopeDevelopmental Biology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles