How to format your references using the Neonatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neonatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Alvarez M. Time for a change. Nature. 2007 Feb;445(7128):682.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Jucker M, Walker LC. Neurodegeneration: Amyloid-β pathology induced in humans. Nature. 2015 Sep;525(7568):193–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Lepper C, Conway SJ, Fan C-M. Adult satellite cells and embryonic muscle progenitors have distinct genetic requirements. Nature. 2009 Jul;460(7255):627–31.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Chen L-Q, Hou B-H, Lalonde S, Takanaga H, Hartung ML, Qu X-Q, et al. Sugar transporters for intercellular exchange and nutrition of pathogens. Nature. 2010 Nov;468(7323):527–32.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Promislow SD. Fundamentals of Actuarial Mathematics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2010.
An edited book
1
Garcia E. Regulated Open Multi-Agent Systems (ROMAS): A Multi-Agent Approach for Designing Normative Open Systems. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Fuangkhon P, Tanprasert T. Multi-class Contour Preserving Classification. In: Yin H, Costa JAF, Barreto G, editors. Intelligent Data Engineering and Automated Learning - IDEAL 2012: 13th International Conference, Natal, Brazil, August 29-31, 2012. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012; pp 35–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neonatology.

Blog post
1
Hale T. Parents Are Freaking Out Because They Can’t Answer A 7-Year-Old Kid’s Exam Question [Internet]. IFLScience. 2016 May

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Areas Needing Improvement in the Adult Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Urquidi AJ. Condolences to all of you: Late eulogies of a half-complacent birthday boy. 2015

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Hartocollis A. Doctor Who Worked on Rivers Steps Down From Post at Medical Clinic. New York Times. 2014 Sep;A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeonatology
AbbreviationNeonatology
ISSN (print)1661-7800
ISSN (online)1661-7819
ScopeDevelopmental Biology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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