How to format your references using the Neonatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neonatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Smaglik P. Northern England: rising star. Nature. 2003 Sep;425(6956):430–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Cannon CP, Cannon PJ. Physiology. COX-2 inhibitors and cardiovascular risk. Science. 2012 Jun;336(6087):1386–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Lynch VJ, May G, Wagner GP. Regulatory evolution through divergence of a phosphoswitch in the transcription factor CEBPB. Nature. 2011 Nov;480(7377):383–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Anway MD, Cupp AS, Uzumcu M, Skinner MK. Epigenetic transgenerational actions of endocrine disruptors and male fertility. Science. 2005 Jun;308(5727):1466–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Pilot MJ. Driving Sustainability to Business Success. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1
Mansourian S. Forest Restoration in Landscapes: Beyond Planting Trees. New York, NY: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Vollmer G. Between biology and philosophy: Our knowledge of the real world. In: Barth FG, Giampieri-Deutsch P, Klein H-D, editors. Sensory Perception: Mind and Matter. Vienna: Springer; 2012; pp 75–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neonatology.

Blog post
1
Andrew D. What Does “The Dark Side” Of The Moon Look Like? [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 Jun [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/shining-light-dark-side-moon/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Highways and Transit: Private Sector Sponsorship of and Investment in Major Projects Has Been Limited. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Gimbel SI. Imaging frontal and medial temporal lobe interaction during memory retrieval and disentangling the effects of the default network. 2010

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1
Slotnik DE. Greg Marius, 59, Impresario of Harlem Street Ball. New York Times. 2017 Apr;B16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeonatology
AbbreviationNeonatology
ISSN (print)1661-7800
ISSN (online)1661-7819
ScopeDevelopmental Biology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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