How to format your references using the Neonatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neonatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Hestmark G. Oeconomia Naturae L. Nature. 2000 May;405(6782):19.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Heilbron JL, Bynum WF. Millennial highlights...from Gerbert d’Aurillac to Watson and Crick. Nature. 2000 Jan;403(6765):13–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Baum P, Yang D-S, Zewail AH. 4D visualization of transitional structures in phase transformations by electron diffraction. Science. 2007 Nov;318(5851):788–92.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Rempel M, Schüssler M, Cameron RH, Knölker M. Penumbral structure and outflows in simulated sunspots. Science. 2009 Jul;325(5937):171–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Stolarski TA, Tobe S. Rolling Contacts. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2000.
An edited book
1
Zweifel P. Health Economics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Gaševic D, Djuric D, Devedžic V. Model Driven Engineering. In: Djuric D, Ga¿evic D, editors. Model Driven Engineering and Ontology Development. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009; pp 125–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neonatology.

Blog post
1
Taub B. Worms Go Through A Rebellious Teenage Phase Too [Internet]. IFLScience. 2017 Jan [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/brain/worms-go-through-rebellious-teenage-phase-too/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. [Comments on DOD Data Center Consolidation Plan]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Lee E. Assessing the Well-Being Koreans and Korean Americans: Psychometric Validation Study for a Multidimensional Assessment of Well-Being. 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Crow K. Coffee, Two Eggs Over Easy And a Sketch of a Landmark. New York Times. 2001 Apr;146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeonatology
AbbreviationNeonatology
ISSN (print)1661-7800
ISSN (online)1661-7819
ScopeDevelopmental Biology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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