How to format your references using the Neonatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neonatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Marley MS: Astronomy. Exoplanets--seeing is believing. Science 2008;322:1335–1337.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Machin S, Pekkarinen T: Assessment. Global sex differences in test score variability. Science 2008;322:1331–1332.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Laland KN, Odling-Smee J, Feldman MW: Causing a commotion. Nature 2004;429:609.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Borneman AR, Gianoulis TA, Zhang ZD, Yu H, Rozowsky J, Seringhaus MR, et al.: Divergence of transcription factor binding sites across related yeast species. Science 2007;317:815–819.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Rowlinson M: A Practical Guide to the NEC3 Engineering and Construction Contract. Oxford, UK, Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.
An edited book
1
Biscari P: Meccanica Razionale. Milano, Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Sinha CK, Syed SHS, Hinds R: Parenteral Nutrition; in Sinha CK, Davenport M (eds): Handbook of Pediatric Surgery. London, Springer, 2010, pp 29–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neonatology.

Blog post
1
Hale T: Get An Up-Close Look At How A Mosquito Sucks Your Blood. IFLScience 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/get-an-upclose-look-at-how-a-mosquito-sucks-your-blood/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office: Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Fiscal Year 2008 Highway Trust Fund Excise Taxes. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Yang SJ: Adapting Korean Cinderella Folklore as Fairy Tales for Children 2014;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Mueller B, Rosenberg E: Worker Trying to Prevent Vehicle Break-Ins Is Fatally Shot; Police Seek 3 Men. New York Times 2015;A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeonatology
AbbreviationNeonatology
ISSN (print)1661-7800
ISSN (online)1661-7819
ScopeDevelopmental Biology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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