How to format your references using the Computers in Entertainment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computers in Entertainment (CIE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Roy Wollman. 2014. Development. Counting the ways to decode dynamic signals. Science 343, 6177 (March 2014), 1326–1327.
A journal article with 2 authors
Barry Sinervo and Jean Clobert. 2003. Morphs, dispersal behavior, genetic similarity, and the evolution of cooperation. Science 300, 5627 (June 2003), 1949–1951.
A journal article with 3 authors
Oscar Aurelio, David H. Hall, and Oliver Hobert. 2002. Immunoglobulin-domain proteins required for maintenance of ventral nerve cord organization. Science 295, 5555 (January 2002), 686–690.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Vera N. Smolyaninova, Bradley Yost, Kathryn Zander, M. S. Osofsky, Heungsoo Kim, Shanta Saha, R. L. Greene, and Igor I. Smolyaninov. 2014. Experimental demonstration of superconducting critical temperature increase in electromagnetic metamaterials. Sci. Rep. 4, (December 2014), 7321.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Daniel Chateigner. 2013. Combined Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Efthyvoulos Kyriacou, Stelios Christofides, and Constantinos S. Pattichis (Eds.). 2016. XIV Mediterranean Conference on Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing 2016: MEDICON 2016, March 31st-April 2nd 2016, Paphos, Cyprus. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
K. Kuswanto, Herman W. Hoen, and Ronald L. Holzhacker. 2016. Decentralization, Foreign Direct Investment and Development in Indonesia. In Decentralization and Governance in Indonesia, Ronald L. Holzhacker, Rafael Wittek and Johan Woltjer (eds.). Springer International Publishing, Cham, 105–143.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computers in Entertainment.

Blog post
Josh Davis. 2016. China Fails In Attempt To Lift Ban On Tiger Farming At Major Wildlife Summit. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1986. Implementation of the Small Business Innovation Development Act of 1982. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Deborah Lynn Lazor. 2010. “Festen”: A celebration (of the imagination!). Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Michael M. Grynbaum and Emily Steel. 2017. Fox News Fires Another Host, as Tough Headlines Keep the Staff Reeling. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [4,5,7,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputers in Entertainment
AbbreviationComput. Entertain.
ISSN (online)1544-3574
ScopeComputer Science Applications

Other styles