How to format your references using the Computers in Entertainment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computers in Entertainment (CIE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Arthur T. Winfree. 2002. Oscillating systems. On emerging coherence. Science 298, 5602 (December 2002), 2336–2337.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zaiwang Huang and Xiaodong Li. 2013. Origin of flaw-tolerance in nacre. Sci. Rep. 3, (2013), 1693.
A journal article with 3 authors
C. T. Tynan, D. P. DeMaster, and W. T. Peterson. 2001. Endangered right whales on the southeastern Bering Sea shelf. Science 294, 5548 (November 2001), 1894.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kun Tang, Chunyin Qiu, Manzhu Ke, Jiuyang Lu, Yangtao Ye, and Zhengyou Liu. 2014. Anomalous refraction of airborne sound through ultrathin metasurfaces. Sci. Rep. 4, (October 2014), 6517.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rolf G. Kuehni. 2004. Color. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Carlos Cotta and Peter Cowling (Eds.). 2009. Evolutionary Computation in Combinatorial Optimization: 9th European Conference, EvoCOP 2009, Tübingen, Germany, April 15-17, 2009. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Anton A. Buzdin and Sergey A. Lukyanov. 2007. Stem-Loop Oligonucleotides as Hybridization Probes and Their Practical Use in Molecular Biology and Biomedicine. In Nucleic Acids Hybridization Modern Applications, Anton A. Buzdin and Sergey A. Lukyanov (eds.). Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 85–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computers in Entertainment.

Blog post
Elise Andrew. 2014. Why Do We Age? IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2013. Army Networks: Size and Scope of Modernization Investment Merit Increased Oversight. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Delesha Miller Carpenter. 2009. Understanding the effect of conflicting information on medication adherence for vasculitis patients. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Linda Greenhouse. 2006. Habeas Corpus Case Turns On Buttons Worn at Trial. New York Times, A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [3,6–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputers in Entertainment
AbbreviationComput. Entertain.
ISSN (online)1544-3574
ScopeComputer Science Applications

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