How to format your references using the Computers in Entertainment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computers in Entertainment (CIE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eric Hand. 2014. Comet Breakthrough of the Year + People’s choice. Science 346, 6216 (December 2014), 1442–1443.
A journal article with 2 authors
C. Haass and P. J. Kahle. 2001. Neuroscience. Parkin and its substrates. Science 293, 5528 (July 2001), 224–225.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bernardo Lemos, Luciana O. Araripe, and Daniel L. Hartl. 2008. Polymorphic Y chromosomes harbor cryptic variation with manifold functional consequences. Science 319, 5859 (January 2008), 91–93.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
F. Siegert, G. Ruecker, A. Hinrichs, and A. A. Hoffmann. 2001. Increased damage from fires in logged forests during droughts caused by El Niño. Nature 414, 6862 (November 2001), 437–440.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kurt Hoffmann. 2005. System Integration. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Morie A. Gertz and S. Vincent Rajkumar (Eds.). 2010. Amyloidosis: Diagnosis and Treatment. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ.
A chapter in an edited book
Mônica Mesquita, Sal Restivo, and Ubiratan D’Ambrosio. 2011. Asphalt Children. In Asphalt Children and City Streets: A Life, a City and a Case Study of History, Culture, and Ethnomathematics in São Paulo, Mônica Mesquita, Sal Restivo and Ubiratan D’Ambrosio (eds.). SensePublishers, Rotterdam, 109–132.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computers in Entertainment.

Blog post
Elise Andrew. 2013. Stem Cells Converted Into Lung Tissue. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration: Light Truck Average Fuel Economy Standard, Model Year 2001. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Candi Clayton-Clark. 2012. Academic performance strategies implemented by successful California superintendents in low-performing school districts. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ben Sisario. 2017. Lamar Debuts at No. 1. New York Times, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [3,4,6,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputers in Entertainment
AbbreviationComput. Entertain.
ISSN (online)1544-3574
ScopeComputer Science Applications

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