How to format your references using the Computers in Entertainment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computers in Entertainment (CIE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Erika Jonietz. 2011. Designing smarter cancer prevention trials. Nature 471, 7339 (March 2011), S20-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Diederik A. Stapel and Siegwart Lindenberg. 2011. Coping with chaos: how disordered contexts promote stereotyping and discrimination. Science 332, 6026 (April 2011), 251–253.
A journal article with 3 authors
Demetri Psaltis, Stephen R. Quake, and Changhuei Yang. 2006. Developing optofluidic technology through the fusion of microfluidics and optics. Nature 442, 7101 (July 2006), 381–386.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. Fouchet, S. Guerlet, D. F. Strobel, A. A. Simon-Miller, B. Bézard, and F. M. Flasar. 2008. An equatorial oscillation in Saturn’s middle atmosphere. Nature 453, 7192 (May 2008), 200–202.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Colin Waine. 2008. Obesity and Weight Management in Primary Care. Blackwell Science Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Werner Schmidt (Ed.). 2011. S-BPM ONE - Learning by Doing - Doing by Learning: Third International Conference, S-BPM ONE 2011, Ingolstadt, Germany, September 29-30, 2011. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Peter Dörfler, Mirjam Sick, and André Coutu. 2013. Cavitation-Related Phenomena. In Flow-Induced Pulsation and Vibration in Hydroelectric Machinery: Engineer’s Guidebook for Planning, Design and Troubleshooting, Mirjam Sick and André Coutu (eds.). Springer, London, 129–142.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computers in Entertainment.

Blog post
Elise Andrew. 2014. What Does A Comet Smell Like? IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. Social Security: Measure of Telephone Service Accuracy Can Be Improved. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Diane L. Moore. 2012. The Challenge Program: A quantitative analysis of strategies designed to eliminate the achievement gap. Doctoral dissertation. Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Linda Greenhouse. 2006. Women Suddenly Scarce Among Justices’ Clerks. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [3,6–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputers in Entertainment
AbbreviationComput. Entertain.
ISSN (online)1544-3574
ScopeComputer Science Applications

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