How to format your references using the Computers in Entertainment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computers in Entertainment (CIE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Philip Ball. 2012. Martin Fleischmann (1927-2012). Nature 489, 7414 (September 2012), 34.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hong-Wei Wang and Eva Nogales. 2005. Nucleotide-dependent bending flexibility of tubulin regulates microtubule assembly. Nature 435, 7044 (June 2005), 911–915.
A journal article with 3 authors
Song-Mei Liu, Weiping Chen, and Jin Wang. 2014. Distinguishing between cancer cell differentiation and resistance induced by all-trans retinoic acid using transcriptional profiles and functional pathway analysis. Sci. Rep. 4, (July 2014), 5577.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
I. Berman-Frank, P. Lundgren, Y. B. Chen, H. Küpper, Z. Kolber, B. Bergman, and P. Falkowski. 2001. Segregation of nitrogen fixation and oxygenic photosynthesis in the marine cyanobacterium Trichodesmium. Science 294, 5546 (November 2001), 1534–1537.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eric Cazdyn and Imre Szeman. 2011. After Globalization. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Victoria L. Korogodina, Carmel E. Mothersill, Sergey G. Inge-Vechtomov, and Colin B. Seymour (Eds.). 2016. Genetics, Evolution and Radiation: Crossing Borders, The Interdisciplinary Legacy of Nikolay W. Timofeeff-Ressovsky. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Pat Zanzonico. 2013. Instrumentation. In Nuclear Oncology: Pathophysiology and Clinical Applications, H. William Strauss, Giuliano Mariani, Duccio Volterrani and Steven M. Larson (eds.). Springer, New York, NY, 93–120.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computers in Entertainment.

Blog post
Stephen Luntz. 2017. How Cobras Learned To Spit Venom. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2008. Information Technology: VA Has Taken Important Steps to Centralize Control of Its Resources, but Effectiveness Depends on Additional Planned Actions. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hanlong Ren. 2014. Modification and Characterization of Ordered Mesoporous Carbons for Resorcinol Removal. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly Crow. 2001. Like the Schemes of Mice and Men, A Portrait of Burns Goes Astray. New York Times, 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [2,6–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputers in Entertainment
AbbreviationComput. Entertain.
ISSN (online)1544-3574
ScopeComputer Science Applications

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